Alpers Syndrome

Common Name(s)

Alpers Syndrome

Alpers syndrome is a progressive neurologic disorder that begins during childhood and is complicated in many instances by serious liver disease. Symptoms include increased muscle tone with exaggerated reflexes (spasticity), seizures, and loss of cognitive ability (dementia).   Most often Alpers syndrome is caused by mutations in the POLG gene.
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Alpers Syndrome" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
CNS Foundation

CNS Foundation's Mission is Three-fold: - Expedite scientific research to find treatments and cures for the more than 14 million children living with some form of neurological disorder - Provide families and health care professionals with up-to-date information and resources on the latest discoveries in pediatric neurology - Educate the public, and public officials, on the critical importance of funding pediatric neurological disorder research

Last Updated: 12 Oct 2013

View Details
United Mitochondrial Disease Foundation

The United Mitochondrial Disease Foundation strives to promote research and education for the diagnosis, treatment and cures of mitochondrial disorders and to provide support to affected individuals and families.

Last Updated: 28 Feb 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Alpers Syndrome" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
CNS Foundation

CNS Foundation's Mission is Three-fold: - Expedite scientific research to find treatments and cures for the more than 14 million children living with some form of neurological disorder - Provide families and health care professionals with up-to-date information and resources on the latest discoveries in pediatric neurology - Educate the public, and public officials, on the critical importance of funding pediatric neurological disorder research

http://www.cnsfoundation.org

Last Updated: 12 Oct 2013

View Details
United Mitochondrial Disease Foundation

The United Mitochondrial Disease Foundation strives to promote research and education for the diagnosis, treatment and cures of mitochondrial disorders and to provide support to affected individuals and families.

http://www.umdf.org

Last Updated: 28 Feb 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Alpers Syndrome" returned 6 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Drug-resistant epilepsia and fulminant valproate liver toxicity. Alpers-Huttenlocher syndrome in two children confirmed post mortem by identification of p.W748S mutation in POLG gene.
 

Author(s): Ewa Pronicka, Anna Weglewska-Jurkiewicz, Maciej Pronicki, Jolanta Sykut-Cegielska, Pawel Kowalski, Magdalena Pajdowska, Irena Jankowska, Katarzyna Kotulska, Piotr Kalicinski, Joanna Jakobkiewicz-Banecka, Grzegorz Wegrzyn

Journal: Med. Sci. Monit.. 2011 Apr;17(4):CR203-9.

 

POLG (polymerase gamma) gene mutations lead to a variety of neurological disorders, including Alpers-Huttenlocher syndrome (AHS). The diagnostic triad of AHS is: resistant epilepsy, liver impairment triggered by sodium valproate (VA), and mitochondrial DNA depletion.

Last Updated: 1 Apr 2011

Go To URL
Molecular and biochemical characterisation of a novel mutation in POLG associated with Alpers syndrome.
 

Author(s): André Schaller, Dagmar Hahn, Christopher B Jackson, Ilse Kern, Christophe Chardot, Dominique C Belli, Sabina Gallati, Jean-Marc Nuoffer

Journal:

 

DNA polymerase γ (POLG) is the only known mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) polymerase. It mediates mtDNA replication and base excision repair. Mutations in the POLG gene lead to reduction of functional mtDNA (mtDNA depletion and/or deletions) and are therefore predicted to result in defective ...

Last Updated: 2 Feb 2011

Go To URL
De novo mutation in POLG leads to haplotype insufficiency and Alpers syndrome.
 

Author(s): Sherine S L Chan, Robert K Naviaux, Alice A Basinger, Kari A Casas, William C Copeland

Journal: Mitochondrion. 2009 Sep;9(5):340-5.

 

Mutations in POLG are a major contributor to pediatric and adult mitochondrial diseases. However, the consequences of many POLG mutations are not well understood. We investigated the molecular cause of Alpers syndome in a patient harboring the POLG mutations A467T in trans with c.2157+5_+6 ...

Last Updated: 21 Sep 2009

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Alpers Syndrome" returned 1 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Alpers-Huttenlocher syndrome.
 

Author(s): Russell P Saneto, Bruce H Cohen, William C Copeland, Robert K Naviaux

Journal: Pediatr. Neurol.. 2013 Mar;48(3):167-78.

 

Alpers-Huttenlocher syndrome is an uncommon mitochondrial disease most often associated with mutations in the mitochondrial DNA replicase, polymerase-γ. Alterations in enzyme activity result in reduced levels or deletions in mitochondrial DNA. Phenotypic manifestations occur when ...

Last Updated: 19 Feb 2013

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

North American Mitochondrial Disease Consortium Patient Registry and Biorepository (NAMDC)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Mitochondrial Disorders; Mitochondrial Genetic Disorders; Mitochondrial Diseases; Disorder of Mitochondrial Respiratory Chain Complexes; Deletion and Duplication of Mitochondrial DNA

 

Last Updated: 20 Nov 2014

Go to URL