Alopecia Areata

Common Name(s)

Alopecia Areata

Alopecia areata (AA) is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system mistakenly attacks the hair follicles. In most cases, hair falls out in small, round patches on the scalp. Although uncommon, hair loss can be more extensive in some people and affect other parts of the body. This condition can progress to complete loss of scalp hair (alopecia totalis) or total loss of all body hair (alopecia universalis).  Although the exact cause of AA is unknown, roughly 20% of affected people have a family member with alopecia, suggesting that genetic factors may contribute to the development of the condition. There is no cure or approved therapy for AA; however, some people find that medications approved for other purposes can help regrow hair.
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Alopecia Areata" for support, advocacy or research.

Bald Girls Do Lunch Inc

Bald Girls Do Lunch (BGDL) helps women with alopecia areata live full and fulfilling lives, and it’s all centered around the idea of getting together for “lunch.” Our lunches and other events are fun, friendly, educational, relaxing and, most of all, totally empowering. By being with people who experience the same things as you, your self-esteem improves and you gain confidence, camaraderie and a powerful sense of community.

Last Updated: 14 Aug 2014

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Children's Alopecia Project, Inc.

We help children living with hair loss due to all forms of Alopecia. We raise awareness and build self-esteem so the kids can become stronger teens and more productive adults and the advocates of tomorrow.

Last Updated: 20 Mar 2013

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National Alopecia Areata Foundation

The National Alopecia Areata Foundation (NAAF) supports research to find a cure or acceptable treatment for alopecia areata, supports those with the disease, and educates the public about alopecia areata.

Last Updated: 8 Mar 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Alopecia Areata" for support, advocacy or research.

Bald Girls Do Lunch Inc

Bald Girls Do Lunch (BGDL) helps women with alopecia areata live full and fulfilling lives, and it’s all centered around the idea of getting together for “lunch.” Our lunches and other events are fun, friendly, educational, relaxing and, most of all, totally empowering. By being with people who experience the same things as you, your self-esteem improves and you gain confidence, camaraderie and a powerful sense of community.

http://www.baldgirlsdolunch.org

Last Updated: 14 Aug 2014

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Children's Alopecia Project, Inc.

We help children living with hair loss due to all forms of Alopecia. We raise awareness and build self-esteem so the kids can become stronger teens and more productive adults and the advocates of tomorrow.

http://www.childrensalopeciaproject.org

Last Updated: 20 Mar 2013

View Details
National Alopecia Areata Foundation

The National Alopecia Areata Foundation (NAAF) supports research to find a cure or acceptable treatment for alopecia areata, supports those with the disease, and educates the public about alopecia areata.

http://www.naaf.org

Last Updated: 8 Mar 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

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General Resources

How Are You Nurturing Your Self Image

Patient-focused education for women with alopecia diagnoses.

Updated 14 Aug 2014

Open Doc
Understanding the Lives of Women with Alopecia Areata

Public awareness and patient-focused Infographic suitable for printing

Updated 14 Aug 2014

Open Doc
Video: Bald Girls Do Lunch (NYC)

"Spring in the City": Bald Girls Do Lunch Founder Thea Chassin hosts a BGDL evening in New York City

Updated 14 Aug 2014

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VIDEO: BGDL on the TODAY SHOW

The TODAY show came on location with Thea Chassin and Bald Girls Do Lunch in Illinois

Updated 14 Aug 2014

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National Public Radio on location with BGDL

NPR producer Patrick Skahill interviews Thea Chassin on location at Bald Girls Do Lunch in Connecticut.

Updated 14 Aug 2014

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Alopecia Areata" returned 180 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Alopecia Areata Increases the Risk of Stroke: a 3-year Follow-Up Study.
 

Author(s): Jiunn-Horng Kang, Herng-Ching Lin, Senyeong Kao, Ming-Chieh Tsai, Shiu-Dong Chung

Journal:

 

The risk for stroke in alopecia areata (AA) patients is still unknown. This study aimed to investigate the risk for subsequent risk of a stroke in AA patients in a large-scale retrospective cohort study. We identified 3231 patients with AA included in the study group from 2004 to ...

Last Updated: 27 Jun 2015

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Hair regrowth in alopecia areata patients following Stem Cell Educator therapy.
 

Author(s): Yanjia Li, Baoyong Yan, Hepeng Wang, Heng Li, Quanhai Li, Dong Zhao, Yana Chen, Ye Zhang, Wenxia Li, Jun Zhang, Shanfeng Wang, Jie Shen, Yunxiang Li, Edward Guindi, Yong Zhao

Journal:

 

Alopecia areata (AA) is one of the most common autoimmune diseases and targets the hair follicles, with high impact on the quality of life and self-esteem of patients due to hair loss. Clinical management and outcomes are challenged by current limited immunosuppressive and immunomodulating regimens.

Last Updated: 2 May 2015

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Experiences and coping behaviours of adolescents in Pakistan with alopecia areata: an interpretative phenomenological analysis.
 

Author(s): Rafia Rafique, Nigel Hunt

Journal:

 

The study explored experiences of adolescents aged 15-19 with alopecia areata (AA) and investigated their accounts of coping behaviours. Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis was used to provide an in-depth and holistic perspective of their accounts. Semi-structured interviews ...

Last Updated: 31 Jan 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Alopecia Areata" returned 26 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Oxidative stress and alopecia areata.
 

Author(s): B E Prie, V M Voiculescu, O B Ionescu-Bozdog, B Petrutescu, L Iosif, L E Gaman, V G Clatici, I Stoian, C Giurcaneanu

Journal: J Med Life. 2015 ;8 Spec Issue():43-6.

 

Alopecia areata (AA) is an inflammatory and autoimmune disease presenting with non-scarring hair loss. The aethiopathogenesis of alopecia areata is unclear and many factors including autoimmunity, genetic predisposition, emotional and environmental stress are thought to play important ...

Last Updated: 12 Sep 2015

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Current treatment of alopecia areata.
 

Author(s): Jerry Shapiro

Journal: J. Investig. Dermatol. Symp. Proc.. 2013 Dec;16(1):S42-4.

 

Treatment of alopecia areata is dependent on age of patient as well as the extent and duration of scalp involvement. Treatments include steroids, topical immunotherapy, topical minoxidil, anthralin, and immunosuppressants. Each case must be dealt with on a customized individual basis.

Last Updated: 11 Dec 2013

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A new humanized mouse model for alopecia areata.
 

Author(s): Amos Gilhar, Aviad Keren, Ralf Paus

Journal: J. Investig. Dermatol. Symp. Proc.. 2013 Dec;16(1):S37-8.

 

Although alopecia areata (AA) is not life threatening, it may lead to severe psychological disturbances, reducing the quality of life in all ages. Thus, a new animal model is needed for shedding more light onto the pathogenesis of this cell-mediated, organ-specific autoimmune disease ...

Last Updated: 11 Dec 2013

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Alopecia Areata Registry
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Alopecia Areata; Alopecia Totalis; Alopecia Universalis; Autoimmune Hair Loss; Alopecia Partialis

 

Last Updated: 27 Apr 2016

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Efficacy of Hair Transplantation Compared With Hypodermic Needle Irritation in Alopecia Areata
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Alopecia Areata; Alopecia; Balding

 

Last Updated: 29 Jun 2011

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Last Updated: 19 Apr 2016

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