Glaucoma

Common Name(s)

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a group of diseases in which there is a blockage of fluid drainage from the eye. When fluid cannot drain properly from the eye, the pressure inside the eye may rise to a level that can damage the optic nerve that brings information from the back of the eye (retina) resulting in vision loss and blindness. This group of diseases makes up the second most common cause of blindness.

There are multiple types of glaucoma, the most common of which is open-angle glaucoma. In open-angle glaucoma, fluid builds up in the anterior chamber of the eye because it cannot drain through a meshwork structure between the colored part of the eye that controls light entry (iris) and the lens (cornea). In this form of glaucoma, side or peripheral vision is usually lost first. Other types of glaucoma include low-tension or normal-tension glaucoma, angle-closure glaucoma, congenital glaucoma, secondary glaucoma, neovascular glaucoma, pigmentary glaucoma, and pseudoexfoliation glaucoma. In angle-closure glaucoma, the iris blocks the channel that normally allows fluid leave the front of the eye. Symptoms of angle-closure glaucoma include eye pain, nausea, blurred vision, and redness of the eye. Medical attention should be sought promptly if angle-closure glaucoma is suspected.

Glaucoma can be diagnosed with a comprehensive dilated eye exam and by measuring intraocular pressure (IOP). Regular eye exams are important because some forms of glaucoma are often asymptomatic prior to permanent vision loss. Treatment options include medication, laser surgery to create holes in the meshwork and allow fluid to drain from the anterior chamber (laser trabeculoplasty), and surgery to alter the iris to allow fluid drainage. If you have been diagnosed with glaucoma, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options. Support groups are good sources of more information and can connect you with other people living with glaucoma.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Glaucoma" for support, advocacy or research.

Glaucoma Research Foundation

We work to prevent vision loss from glaucoma by investing in innovative research, education, and support with the ultimate goal of finding a cure.

Last Updated: 14 May 2015

View Details
HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

View Details
Logo
The Glaucoma Foundation

The mission of The Glaucoma Foundation (TGF) is to fund groundbreaking research and to educate the public about the disease and the importance of early detection to prevent blindness.

Last Updated: 19 Feb 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Glaucoma" for support, advocacy or research.

Glaucoma Research Foundation

We work to prevent vision loss from glaucoma by investing in innovative research, education, and support with the ultimate goal of finding a cure.

http://www.glaucoma.org

Last Updated: 14 May 2015

View Details
HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

View Details
Logo
The Glaucoma Foundation

The mission of The Glaucoma Foundation (TGF) is to fund groundbreaking research and to educate the public about the disease and the importance of early detection to prevent blindness.

http://www.glaucomafoundation.org

Last Updated: 19 Feb 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

General Resources

Glaucoma Care and Treatment Information

Glaucoma Care and Treatment options

Updated 14 May 2015

Go To URL
Free Glaucoma Newsletter

Information for glaucoma patients

Updated 14 May 2015

Go To URL
Glaucoma Research Progress Reports

Information about glaucoma research progress

Updated 14 May 2015

Go To URL
Low Vision Resources

Links to products and services available for people with low vision.

Updated 14 May 2015

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Glaucoma" returned 3944 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Is atrial fibrillation a risk factor for normal-tension glaucoma?
 

Author(s): Anna Zaleska-Żmijewska, Maciej Janiszewski, Zbigniew M Wawrzyniak, Marek Kuch, Jerzy Szaflik, Jacek P Szaflik

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Oct;96(43):e8347.

 

Glaucoma (GL) and atrial fibrillation (AF) are diseases of significant social importance. Cardiovascular disorders such as systemic hypertension, hypotension, increased blood viscosity, vasospasm, and diabetes are potential risk factors of GL, especially when intraocular pressure ...

Last Updated: 25 Oct 2017

Go To URL
Trabeculotomy ab interno with Trabectome as surgical management for systemic fluoroquinolone-induced pigmentary glaucoma: A case report.
 

Author(s): Kyle A Den Beste, Constance Okeke

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Oct;96(43):e7936.

 

Bilateral acute iris transillumination (BAIT) is a poorly-understood ocular syndrome in which patients present with acute iridocyclitis and pigmentary dispersion with or without ocular hypertension. The etiology of the disease remains unknown, though recent reports suggest an antecedent ...

Last Updated: 25 Oct 2017

Go To URL
Clinical efficacy analysis of Ahmed glaucoma valve implantation in neovascular glaucoma and influencing factors: A STROBE-compliant article.
 

Author(s): Ye He, Ying Tian, Weitao Song, Ting Su, Haibo Jiang, Xiaobo Xia

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Oct;96(42):e8350.

 

This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of Ahmed glaucoma valve (AGV) implantation in treating neovascular glaucoma (NVG) and to analyze the factors influencing the surgical success rate.This is a retrospective review of 40 eyes of 40 NVG patients who underwent AGV implantation ...

Last Updated: 19 Oct 2017

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Glaucoma" returned 414 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Minimally-invasive glaucoma surgeries (MIGS) for open angle glaucoma: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Carlo Lavia, Laura Dallorto, Milena Maule, Manuela Ceccarelli, Antonio Maria Fea

Journal:

 

MIGS have been developed as a surgical alternative for glaucomatous patients.

Last Updated: 29 Aug 2017

Go To URL
Corneal properties and glaucoma: a review of the literature and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Ricardo Gaspar, Luís Abegão Pinto, David Cordeiro Sousa

Journal: Arq Bras Oftalmol. 2017 Jun;80(3):202-206.

 

Studies have suggested that corneal biomechanical properties influence intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements, namely central corneal thickness (CCT) and corneal hysteresis (CH). The present study aimed to investigate the associations of CH and CCT with glaucoma development.

Last Updated: 23 Aug 2017

Go To URL
Association of WDR36 polymorphisms with primary open angle glaucoma: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Ke Liu, Wenling He, Jun Zhao, Yingxia Zeng, Hongbo Cheng

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Jun;96(26):e7291.

 

The association of the WDR36 gene with glaucoma has been controversial in the literature. We therefore conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the association of all reported common polymorphisms in WDR36 with primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) and its subtypes: ...

Last Updated: 28 Jun 2017

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

To Study the Function of the Retina in Glaucoma Patients Using PERG
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Glaucoma

 

Last Updated: 30 Oct 2017

Go to URL
Triamcinolone for Ahmed Glaucoma Valve
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Glaucoma

 

Last Updated: 12 Jan 2016

Go to URL
Improve Glaucoma Medication Adherence
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Glaucoma

 

Last Updated: 5 Jun 2017

Go to URL