Glaucoma

Common Name(s)

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a group of diseases in which there is a blockage of fluid drainage from the eye. When fluid cannot drain properly from the eye, the pressure inside the eye may rise to a level that can damage the optic nerve that brings information from the back of the eye (retina) resulting in vision loss and blindness. This group of diseases makes up the second most common cause of blindness.

There are multiple types of glaucoma, the most common of which is open-angle glaucoma. In open-angle glaucoma, fluid builds up in the anterior chamber of the eye because it cannot drain through a meshwork structure between the colored part of the eye that controls light entry (iris) and the lens (cornea). In this form of glaucoma, side or peripheral vision is usually lost first. Other types of glaucoma include low-tension or normal-tension glaucoma, angle-closure glaucoma, congenital glaucoma, secondary glaucoma, neovascular glaucoma, pigmentary glaucoma, and pseudoexfoliation glaucoma. In angle-closure glaucoma, the iris blocks the channel that normally allows fluid leave the front of the eye. Symptoms of angle-closure glaucoma include eye pain, nausea, blurred vision, and redness of the eye. Medical attention should be sought promptly if angle-closure glaucoma is suspected.

Glaucoma can be diagnosed with a comprehensive dilated eye exam and by measuring intraocular pressure (IOP). Regular eye exams are important because some forms of glaucoma are often asymptomatic prior to permanent vision loss. Treatment options include medication, laser surgery to create holes in the meshwork and allow fluid to drain from the anterior chamber (laser trabeculoplasty), and surgery to alter the iris to allow fluid drainage. If you have been diagnosed with glaucoma, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options. Support groups are good sources of more information and can connect you with other people living with glaucoma.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Glaucoma" for support, advocacy or research.

Glaucoma Research Foundation

We work to prevent vision loss from glaucoma by investing in innovative research, education, and support with the ultimate goal of finding a cure.

Last Updated: 14 May 2015

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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The Glaucoma Foundation

The mission of The Glaucoma Foundation (TGF) is to fund groundbreaking research and to educate the public about the disease and the importance of early detection to prevent blindness.

Last Updated: 19 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Glaucoma" for support, advocacy or research.

Glaucoma Research Foundation

We work to prevent vision loss from glaucoma by investing in innovative research, education, and support with the ultimate goal of finding a cure.

http://www.glaucoma.org

Last Updated: 14 May 2015

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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The Glaucoma Foundation

The mission of The Glaucoma Foundation (TGF) is to fund groundbreaking research and to educate the public about the disease and the importance of early detection to prevent blindness.

http://www.glaucomafoundation.org

Last Updated: 19 Feb 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

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General Resources

Glaucoma Care and Treatment Information

Glaucoma Care and Treatment options

Updated 14 May 2015

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Free Glaucoma Newsletter

Information for glaucoma patients

Updated 14 May 2015

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Glaucoma Research Progress Reports

Information about glaucoma research progress

Updated 14 May 2015

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Low Vision Resources

Links to products and services available for people with low vision.

Updated 14 May 2015

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Glaucoma" returned 4027 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The impact of mild, moderate, and severe visual field loss in glaucoma on patients' quality of life measured via the Glaucoma Quality of Life-15 Questionnaire: A meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Yue Wang, Sameh Alnwisi, Min Ke

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Dec;96(48):e8019.

 

We performed a meta-analysis to determine the impact of mild, moderate, and severe visual field loss on quality of life (QoL) in patients with glaucoma.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Classification of optic disc shape in glaucoma using machine learning based on quantified ocular parameters.
 

Author(s): Kazuko Omodaka, Guangzhou An, Satoru Tsuda, Yukihiro Shiga, Naoko Takada, Tsutomu Kikawa, Hidetoshi Takahashi, Hideo Yokota, Masahiro Akiba, Toru Nakazawa

Journal:

 

This study aimed to develop a machine learning-based algorithm for objective classification of the optic disc in patients with open-angle glaucoma (OAG), using quantitative parameters obtained from ophthalmic examination instruments.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Genetic analysis of Japanese primary open-angle glaucoma patients and clinical characterization of risk alleles near CDKN2B-AS1, SIX6 and GAS7.
 

Author(s): Yukihiro Shiga, Koji M Nishiguchi, Yosuke Kawai, Kaname Kojima, Kota Sato, Kosuke Fujita, Mai Takahashi, Kazuko Omodaka, Makoto Araie, Kenji Kashiwagi, Makoto Aihara, Takeshi Iwata, Fumihiko Mabuchi, Mitsuko Takamoto, Mineo Ozaki, Kazuhide Kawase, Nobuo Fuse, Masayuki Yamamoto, Jun Yasuda, Masao Nagasaki, Toru Nakazawa,

Journal:

 

To test the genetic association between Japanese patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and the previously reported POAG susceptibility loci and to perform genotype-phenotype analysis.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Glaucoma" returned 425 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Hypothyroidism as a risk factor for open angle glaucoma: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Shiming Wang, Yue Liu, Guangying Zheng

Journal:

 

The relationship between hypothyroidism and primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) has attracted intense interest recently, but the reported results have been controversial. This meta-analysis was carried out to determine the association between hypothyroidism and POAG.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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The best of the best: a review of select glaucoma case reports published in 2015.
 

Author(s): Ambika Hoguet, Louis R Pasquale

Journal:

 

This review article summarizes four key case reports published in the field of glaucoma in the year 2015. The first article describes a novel technique for draining choroidal fluid in patients with uveal effusion syndrome. The second article describes 2 cases of recurrent vitreous ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Minimally-invasive glaucoma surgeries (MIGS) for open angle glaucoma: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Carlo Lavia, Laura Dallorto, Milena Maule, Manuela Ceccarelli, Antonio Maria Fea

Journal:

 

MIGS have been developed as a surgical alternative for glaucomatous patients.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

To Study the Function of the Retina in Glaucoma Patients Using PERG
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Glaucoma

 

Last Updated: 30 Oct 2017

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Improve Glaucoma Medication Adherence
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Glaucoma

 

Last Updated: 5 Dec 2017

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Last Updated: 18 Dec 2017

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