Gestational Hypertension

Common Name(s)

Gestational Hypertension

Gestational hypertension is also called pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH). Gestational hypertension affects 6-8% of all pregnant women, and is characterized by high blood pressure that develops after 20 weeks of pregnancy and goes away after delivery. Gestational hypertension is diagnosed when blood pressure is taken at prenatal visits with a physician. The health impact of gestational hypertension depends on when it is diagnosed and how high the individual's blood pressure is. 1 in 4 women with gestational hypertension may go on to develop preeclampsia, while others may need to have a cesarian section (c-section) or be induced (when medication is given to start labor). Most women with gestational hypertension will have a normal pregnancy, through increased prenatal doctor's visits, rest, decreased salt intake and lots of fluids will be important.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Gestational Hypertension" for support, advocacy or research.

Preeclampsia Foundation

The Preeclampsia Foundation is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization whose mission is to reduce maternal and infant illness and death due to preeclampsia and other hypertensive disorders of pregnancy by providing patient support and education, raising public awareness, catalyzing research and improving health care practices. We envision a world where preeclampsia no longer threatens the lives of mothers and babies.

Last Updated: 23 Oct 2014

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Sidelines National Support Network

Sidelines provides support, education, advocacy and resources to women and their families experiencing a complicated high-risk pregnancy or premature birth.

Last Updated: 4 Apr 2013

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Gestational Hypertension" for support, advocacy or research.

Preeclampsia Foundation

The Preeclampsia Foundation is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization whose mission is to reduce maternal and infant illness and death due to preeclampsia and other hypertensive disorders of pregnancy by providing patient support and education, raising public awareness, catalyzing research and improving health care practices. We envision a world where preeclampsia no longer threatens the lives of mothers and babies.

http://www.preeclampsia.org

Last Updated: 23 Oct 2014

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Sidelines National Support Network

Sidelines provides support, education, advocacy and resources to women and their families experiencing a complicated high-risk pregnancy or premature birth.

http://www.sidelines.org

Last Updated: 4 Apr 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

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General Resources

The Preeclampsia Registry

The Preeclampsia Registry is a "Living Database" bringing together those affected, their family members, and researchers to advance knowledge and discover preventions and treatments for preeclampsia, HELLP syndrome, and related hypertensive disorders

Updated 23 Oct 2014

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Gestational Hypertension" returned 112 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Effectiveness and safety of 1 vs 4 h blood pressure profile with clinical and laboratory assessment for the exclusion of gestational hypertension and pre-eclampsia: a retrospective study in a university affiliated maternity hospital.
 

Author(s): Elizabeth Anne McCarthy, Thomas A Carins, Yolanda Hannigan, Nadia Bardien, Alexis Shub, Susan P Walker

Journal:

 

We asked whether 60 compared with 240 min observation is sufficiently informative and safe for pregnancy day assessment (PDAC) of suspected pre-eclampsia (PE).

Last Updated: 20 Nov 2015

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Hypertension Risk Subsequent to Gestational Dysglycemia Is Modified by Race/Ethnicity.
 

Author(s): Rhonda Bentley-Lewis, Jennifer Huynh, Sylvia Li, Julia Wenger, Ravi Thadhani

Journal: Hypertension. 2016 Jan;67(1):223-8.

 

Gestational diabetes mellitus is associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension. Additionally, gestational dysglycemia has been associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus but not yet associated with hypertension subsequent to pregnancy ...

Last Updated: 15 Dec 2015

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Earlier Age of Onset of Chronic Hypertension and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus After a Hypertensive Disorder of Pregnancy or Gestational Diabetes Mellitus.
 

Author(s): Karst Y Heida, Arie Franx, Bas B van Rijn, Marinus J C Eijkemans, Jolanda M A Boer, Monique W M Verschuren, Martijn A Oudijk, Michiel L Bots, Yvonne T van der Schouw

Journal: Hypertension. 2015 Dec;66(6):1116-22.

 

A prospective cohort study was conducted to assess the impact of a history of hypertensive disorder of pregnancy (HDP) or gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) on the risk and age of onset of hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D), and cardiovascular disease (CVD) later in life, ...

Last Updated: 12 Nov 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Gestational Hypertension" returned 2 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The association between dietary factors and gestational hypertension and pre-eclampsia: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies.
 

Author(s): Danielle A J M Schoenaker, Sabita S Soedamah-Muthu, Gita D Mishra

Journal:

 

Dietary factors have been suggested to play a role in the prevention of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP), including gestational hypertension and pre-eclampsia, but inconsistent findings have been reported. A systematic review and meta-analyses were performed to synthesize ...

Last Updated: 24 Jan 2015

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Chronic hypertension superimposed on preeclampsia at 13 gestational weeks: a case report with review.
 

Author(s): Yu-Chun Zhu, Yu Sun, Hui-Xia Yang

Journal: Chin. Med. J.. 2012 Jun;125(11):2067-9.

 

Preeclampsia is represented by hypertension and proteinuria in pregnancy. It usually occurs after 20 gestational weeks. There are few reports on preeclampsia before 20 gestational weeks. In this case, we report a patient with chronic hypertension superimposed with preeclampsia at ...

Last Updated: 13 Aug 2012

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Prospects for the Prevention of Pregnancy-induced Hypertension and Preeclampsia Trial
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Pregnancy Induced Hypertension

 

Last Updated: 23 Nov 2016

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Oral Antihypertensive Regimens for Management of Hypertension in Pregnancy
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hypertension in Pregnancy; Preeclampsia

 

Last Updated: 14 Jul 2016

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Preeclampsia: A Marker for Future Cardiovascular Risk in Women
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Preeclampsia; Pregnancy Induced Hypertension

 

Last Updated: 11 Jul 2016

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