Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

Common Name(s)

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) are a group of disorders that can appear in an individual whose mother drank alcohol during their pregnancy. When a mother drinks alcohol, the alcohol in her blood passes through the placenta to her baby. This can harm the developing fetus. FASDs can include fetal alcohol syndrome, alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder, and alcohol-related birth defects, all to varying degrees depending on the individual. Symptoms of FASDs may or may not be apparent at birth. As the child develops, symptoms may include poor memory, difficulty in school, hyperactvitity, low weight and height for age, speech and developmental delays, or learning disabilities. FASDs are completely preventable if the mother does not drink alcohol during pregnancy. There is no treatment for FASDs, but studies have shown that various interventions including medication and developmental therapy may help with management of symptoms.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders" for support, advocacy or research.

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Arc of the United States

The Arc promotes and protects the human rights of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities and actively supports their full inclusion and participation in the community throughout their lifetimes.

Last Updated: 1 Jun 2015

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Family Empowerment Network

The Family Empowerment Network (FEN) is a training and referral resource serving families affected by Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and the providers who serve them.

Last Updated: 18 Jan 2013

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National Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

NOFAS strives to prevent alcohol use during pregnancy and supports individuals and families living with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD). NOFAS envisions a nation where all children are born alcohol free.

Last Updated: 14 May 2013

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The Arc of East Central Iowa

The Arc of East Central Iowa empowers people with intellectual and related disabilities to engage in lifelong opportunities to live, learn, work and play with dignity, freedom and full inclusion in their communities.

Last Updated: 11 Apr 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Arc of the United States

The Arc promotes and protects the human rights of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities and actively supports their full inclusion and participation in the community throughout their lifetimes.

http://www.thearc.org

Last Updated: 1 Jun 2015

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Family Empowerment Network

The Family Empowerment Network (FEN) is a training and referral resource serving families affected by Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and the providers who serve them.

http://www.pregnancyandalcohol.org

Last Updated: 18 Jan 2013

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National Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

NOFAS strives to prevent alcohol use during pregnancy and supports individuals and families living with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD). NOFAS envisions a nation where all children are born alcohol free.

http://www.nofas.org

Last Updated: 14 May 2013

View Details
The Arc of East Central Iowa

The Arc of East Central Iowa empowers people with intellectual and related disabilities to engage in lifelong opportunities to live, learn, work and play with dignity, freedom and full inclusion in their communities.

http://www.arceci.org

Last Updated: 11 Apr 2013

View Details

 

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders" returned 67 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Screening for fetal alcohol spectrum disorders by nonmedical community workers.
 

Author(s): Mary J O'Connor, Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus, Mark Tomlinson, Claudine Bill, Ingrid M LeRoux, Jackie Stewart

Journal: J Popul Ther Clin Pharmacol. 2014 ;21(3):e442-52.

 

South Africa has the highest prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) in the world yet many women have no access to clinic care or to physicians in their communities. The shortage of physicians trained in the diagnosis of FASD is even more severe. Thus there is a need ...

Last Updated: 9 Feb 2015

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A qualitative assessment of program characteristics for preventing secondary conditions in individuals with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.
 

Author(s): Christie L M Patrenko, Naira Tahir, Erin C Mahoney, Nancy P Chin

Journal: J Popul Ther Clin Pharmacol. 2014 ;21(2):e246-59.

 

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are a major public health problem that affects 2 to 5 percent of the population. Individuals with FASD are at high risk for secondary conditions, such as mental health problems, school disruptions, and trouble with the law. Evidence-based intervention ...

Last Updated: 18 Jul 2014

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Evaluation of the neurobehavioral screening tool in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD).
 

Author(s): Michael-Anne LaFrance, Kaitlyn McLachlan, Kelly Nash, Gail Andrew, Christine Loock, Tim F Oberlander, Gideon Koren, Carmen Rasmussen

Journal: J Popul Ther Clin Pharmacol. 2014 ;21(2):e197-210.

 

There is a growing need for validated tools to screen children at risk of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). The Neurobehavioral Screening Tool (NST) is one of several promising screening measures for FASD, though further evidence is needed to establish the tool's psychometric utility.

Last Updated: 6 Jun 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders" returned 36 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders and neuroimmune changes.
 

Author(s): Paul D Drew, Cynthia J M Kane

Journal: Int. Rev. Neurobiol.. 2014 ;118():41-80.

 

The behavioral consequences of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are serious and persist throughout life. The causative mechanisms underlying FASD are poorly understood. However, much has been learned about FASD from human structural and functional studies as well as from animal ...

Last Updated: 1 Sep 2014

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Diagnostic issues affecting the epidemiology of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.
 

Author(s): Mena Farag

Journal: J Popul Ther Clin Pharmacol. 2014 ;21(1):e153-8.

 

Epidemiological measures of the prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) vary greatly in the literature. Irrespective of the methodology, the criteria to define a 'case' are set by the researchers. Hence, estimates of the prevalence of FASD primarily depend on the diagnostic ...

Last Updated: 29 Apr 2014

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Dysregulation of microRNA expression and function contributes to the etiology of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.
 

Author(s): Sridevi Balaraman, Joseph D Tingling, Pai-Chi Tsai, Rajesh C Miranda

Journal: Alcohol Res. 2013 ;35(1):18-24.

 

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are members of a large class of non-protein-coding RNA (ncRNA) molecules that represent a significant, but until recently unappreciated, layer of cellular regulation. Assessment of the generation and function of miRNAs suggests that these ncRNAs are vulnerable to ...

Last Updated: 9 Dec 2013

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Parenting Training for Children With FASD
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

 

Last Updated: 1 Dec 2014

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Contraception and Alcohol Risk Reduction Internet Intervention Randomized Trial
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

 

Last Updated: 4 Aug 2015

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Open-Label Study of the Long Term Tolerability and Safety of Atomoxetine in Children With FASD and ADD/ADHD
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Fetal Alcohol Syndrome; Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD); Attention Deficit Disorder With Hyperactivity (ADHD)

 

Last Updated: 6 Dec 2010

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