Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

Common Name(s)

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) are a group of disorders that can appear in an individual whose mother drank alcohol during their pregnancy. When a mother drinks alcohol, the alcohol in her blood passes through the placenta to her baby. This can harm the developing fetus. FASDs can include fetal alcohol syndrome, alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder, and alcohol-related birth defects, all to varying degrees depending on the individual. Symptoms of FASDs may or may not be apparent at birth. As the child develops, symptoms may include poor memory, difficulty in school, hyperactvitity, low weight and height for age, speech and developmental delays, or learning disabilities. FASDs are completely preventable if the mother does not drink alcohol during pregnancy. There is no treatment for FASDs, but studies have shown that various interventions including medication and developmental therapy may help with management of symptoms.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Arc of the United States

The Arc promotes and protects the human rights of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities and actively supports their full inclusion and participation in the community throughout their lifetimes.

Last Updated: 1 Jun 2015

View Details
Family Empowerment Network

The Family Empowerment Network (FEN) is a training and referral resource serving families affected by Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and the providers who serve them.

Last Updated: 18 Jan 2013

View Details
National Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

NOFAS strives to prevent alcohol use during pregnancy and supports individuals and families living with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD). NOFAS envisions a nation where all children are born alcohol free.

Last Updated: 14 May 2013

View Details
The Arc of East Central Iowa

The Arc of East Central Iowa empowers people with intellectual and related disabilities to engage in lifelong opportunities to live, learn, work and play with dignity, freedom and full inclusion in their communities.

Last Updated: 11 Apr 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Arc of the United States

The Arc promotes and protects the human rights of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities and actively supports their full inclusion and participation in the community throughout their lifetimes.

http://www.thearc.org

Last Updated: 1 Jun 2015

View Details
Family Empowerment Network

The Family Empowerment Network (FEN) is a training and referral resource serving families affected by Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and the providers who serve them.

http://www.pregnancyandalcohol.org

Last Updated: 18 Jan 2013

View Details
National Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

NOFAS strives to prevent alcohol use during pregnancy and supports individuals and families living with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD). NOFAS envisions a nation where all children are born alcohol free.

http://www.nofas.org

Last Updated: 14 May 2013

View Details
The Arc of East Central Iowa

The Arc of East Central Iowa empowers people with intellectual and related disabilities to engage in lifelong opportunities to live, learn, work and play with dignity, freedom and full inclusion in their communities.

http://www.arceci.org

Last Updated: 11 Apr 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders" returned 83 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Prevalence of alcohol consumption during pregnancy and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders among the general and Aboriginal populations in Canada and the United States.
 

Author(s): Svetlana Popova, Shannon Lange, Charlotte Probst, Nino Parunashvili, J├╝rgen Rehm

Journal: Eur J Med Genet. 2017 Jan;60(1):32-48.

 

Prenatal alcohol exposure may cause a number of health complications for the mother and developing fetus, including Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD). This study aimed to estimate the pooled prevalence of i) alcohol use (any amount) and binge drinking (4 or more standard drinks ...

Last Updated: 17 Sep 2016

Go To URL
Theory of Mind in Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders.
 

Author(s): Nadine M Lindinger, Susan Malcolm-Smith, Neil C Dodge, Christopher D Molteno, Kevin G F Thomas, Ernesta M Meintjes, Joseph L Jacobson, Sandra W Jacobson

Journal: Alcohol. Clin. Exp. Res.. 2016 Feb;40(2):367-76.

 

Theory of mind (ToM) refers to the ability to understand and make inferences about other people's intentions, feelings, and beliefs. Although children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are known to have deficits in social-cognitive function, little is known about ToM in FASD.

Last Updated: 4 Feb 2016

Go To URL
The continuum of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders in four rural communities in South Africa: Prevalence and characteristics.
 

Author(s): Philip A May, Marlene M de Vries, Anna-Susan Marais, Wendy O Kalberg, Colleen M Adnams, Julie M Hasken, Barbara Tabachnick, Luther K Robinson, Melanie A Manning, Kenneth Lyons Jones, Derek Hoyme, Soraya Seedat, Charles D H Parry, H Eugene Hoyme

Journal: Drug Alcohol Depend. 2016 Feb;159():207-18.

 

Prevalence and characteristics of the continuum of diagnoses within fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) were researched in previously unstudied rural, agricultural, lower socioeconomic populations in South Africa (ZA).

Last Updated: 24 Jan 2016

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders" returned 34 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Advances in Diagnosis and Treatment of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: From Animal Models to Human Studies.
 

Author(s): Nathen J Murawski, Eileen M Moore, Jennifer D Thomas, Edward P Riley

Journal: Alcohol Res. 2015 ;37(1):97-108.

 

Prenatal alcohol exposure can cause a number of physical, behavioral, cognitive, and neural impairments, collectively known as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). This article examines basic research that has been or could be translated into practical applications for the diagnosis ...

Last Updated: 11 Aug 2015

Go To URL
Utilization of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Research Involving Animal Models of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders.
 

Author(s): Xiaojie Wang, Christopher D Kroenke

Journal: Alcohol Res. 2015 ;37(1):39-51.

 

It is well recognized that fetal alcohol exposure can profoundly damage the developing brain. The term fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) describes the range of deficits that result from prenatal alcohol exposure. Over the past two decades, researchers have used magnetic resonance ...

Last Updated: 11 Aug 2015

Go To URL
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders and neuroimmune changes.
 

Author(s): Paul D Drew, Cynthia J M Kane

Journal: Int. Rev. Neurobiol.. 2014 ;118():41-80.

 

The behavioral consequences of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are serious and persist throughout life. The causative mechanisms underlying FASD are poorly understood. However, much has been learned about FASD from human structural and functional studies as well as from animal ...

Last Updated: 1 Sep 2014

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Choline Supplementation as a Neurodevelopmental Intervention in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

 

Last Updated: 13 Mar 2017

Go to URL
Parenting Training for Children With FASD
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

 

Last Updated: 8 Mar 2016

Go to URL
Epigallocatechin Gallate (EGCG) to Improve Cognitive Performance in Foetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) Children
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)

 

Last Updated: 23 Sep 2015

Go to URL