Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

Common Name(s)

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) are a group of disorders that can appear in an individual whose mother drank alcohol during their pregnancy. When a mother drinks alcohol, the alcohol in her blood passes through the placenta to her baby. This can harm the developing fetus. FASDs can include fetal alcohol syndrome, alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder, and alcohol-related birth defects, all to varying degrees depending on the individual. Symptoms of FASDs may or may not be apparent at birth. As the child develops, symptoms may include poor memory, difficulty in school, hyperactvitity, low weight and height for age, speech and developmental delays, or learning disabilities. FASDs are completely preventable if the mother does not drink alcohol during pregnancy. There is no treatment for FASDs, but studies have shown that various interventions including medication and developmental therapy may help with management of symptoms.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders" for support, advocacy or research.

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Arc of the United States

The Arc promotes and protects the human rights of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities and actively supports their full inclusion and participation in the community throughout their lifetimes.

Last Updated: 1 Nov 2012

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Family Empowerment Network

The Family Empowerment Network (FEN) is a training and referral resource serving families affected by Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and the providers who serve them.

Last Updated: 18 Jan 2013

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National Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

NOFAS strives to prevent alcohol use during pregnancy and supports individuals and families living with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD). NOFAS envisions a nation where all children are born alcohol free.

Last Updated: 14 May 2013

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The Arc of East Central Iowa

The Arc of East Central Iowa empowers people with intellectual and related disabilities to engage in lifelong opportunities to live, learn, work and play with dignity, freedom and full inclusion in their communities.

Last Updated: 11 Apr 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Arc of the United States

The Arc promotes and protects the human rights of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities and actively supports their full inclusion and participation in the community throughout their lifetimes.

http://www.thearc.org

Last Updated: 1 Nov 2012

View Details
Family Empowerment Network

The Family Empowerment Network (FEN) is a training and referral resource serving families affected by Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and the providers who serve them.

http://www.pregnancyandalcohol.org

Last Updated: 18 Jan 2013

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National Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

NOFAS strives to prevent alcohol use during pregnancy and supports individuals and families living with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD). NOFAS envisions a nation where all children are born alcohol free.

http://www.nofas.org

Last Updated: 14 May 2013

View Details
The Arc of East Central Iowa

The Arc of East Central Iowa empowers people with intellectual and related disabilities to engage in lifelong opportunities to live, learn, work and play with dignity, freedom and full inclusion in their communities.

http://www.arceci.org

Last Updated: 11 Apr 2013

View Details

 

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders" returned 51 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Sensory control of balance: a comparison of children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders to children with typical development.
 

Author(s): Tracy L Jirikowic, Sarah W McCoy, Anat Lubetzky-Vilnai, Robert Price, Marcia A Ciol, Deborah Kartin, Lin-Ya Hsu, Beth Gendler, Susan J Astley

Journal: J Popul Ther Clin Pharmacol. 2013 ;20(3):e212-28.

 

Inefficient central processing and integration of visual, vestibular, and somatosensory information may contribute to poor balance and diminished postural control in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD).

Last Updated: 28 Oct 2013

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Functional handwriting performance in school-age children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.
 

Author(s): Cherie J Duval-White, Tracy Jirikowic, Dianne Rios, Jean Deitz, Heather Carmichael Olson

Journal: Am J Occup Ther. ;67(5):534-42.

 

Handwriting is a critical skill for school success. Children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) often present with fine motor and visual-motor impairments that can affect handwriting performance, yet handwriting skills have not been systematically investigated in this clinical ...

Last Updated: 23 Aug 2013

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Involving consumers and the community in the development of a diagnostic instrument for fetal alcohol spectrum disorders in Australia.
 

Author(s): Heather M Jones, Anne McKenzie, Sue Miers, Elizabeth Russell, Rochelle E Watkins, Janet M Payne, Lorian Hayes, Maureen Carter, Heather D'Antoine, Jane Latimer, Amanda Wilkins, Raewyn C Mutch, Lucinda Burns, James P Fitzpatrick, Jane Halliday, Colleen M O'Leary, Elizabeth Peadon, Elizabeth J Elliott, Carol Bower

Journal:

 

Australia's commitment to consumer and community participation in health and medical research has grown over the past decade. Participatory research models of engagement are the most empowering for consumers.

Last Updated: 6 Aug 2013

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders" returned 22 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Dysregulation of microRNA expression and function contributes to the etiology of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.
 

Author(s): Sridevi Balaraman, Joseph D Tingling, Pai-Chi Tsai, Rajesh C Miranda

Journal: Alcohol Res. 2013 ;35(1):18-24.

 

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are members of a large class of non-protein-coding RNA (ncRNA) molecules that represent a significant, but until recently unappreciated, layer of cellular regulation. Assessment of the generation and function of miRNAs suggests that these ncRNAs are vulnerable to ...

Last Updated: 9 Dec 2013

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Epigenetic medicine and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.
 

Author(s): Marisol Resendiz, Yuanyuan Chen, Nail C Ozt├╝rk, Feng C Zhou

Journal: Epigenomics. 2013 Feb;5(1):73-86.

 

Epigenetic medicine is still in its infancy. To date, only a handful of diseases have documented epigenetic correlates upstream of gene regulation including cancer, developmental syndromes and late-onset diseases. The finding that epigenetic markers are dynamic and heterogeneous at ...

Last Updated: 18 Feb 2013

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Alcohol-induced behavioural problems in fetal alcohol spectrum disorders versus confounding behavioural problems.
 

Author(s): Marion Malone, Gideon Koren

Journal: J Popul Ther Clin Pharmacol. 2012 ;19(1):e32-40.

 

Prenatal alcohol exposure is strongly associated with disruptive behaviour in childhood and antisocial behaviour later in life. There are numerous confounding risk factors in the lives of alcohol-abusing mothers that may contribute to the behaviour problems seen in their children, ...

Last Updated: 16 Jan 2012

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Choline Supplementation in Children With Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders; Fetal Alcohol Syndrome; Partial Fetal Alcohol Syndrome; Alcohol-related Neurodevelopmental Disorder; Prenatal Alcohol Exposure

 

Last Updated: 4 Nov 2013

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Postnatal Choline Supplementation in Children With Prenatal Alcohol Exposure
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders; Fetal Alcohol Syndrome; Partial Fetal Alcohol Syndrome; Alcohol Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder; Prenatal Alcohol Exposure

 

Last Updated: 27 Feb 2013

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Evaluating the Effectiveness of an Attachment-Focused Intervention in Preschool Children With FASD
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder; Attachment Disorders

 

Last Updated: 5 Oct 2013

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