Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

Common Name(s)

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) are a group of disorders that can appear in an individual whose mother drank alcohol during their pregnancy. When a mother drinks alcohol, the alcohol in her blood passes through the placenta to her baby. This can harm the developing fetus. FASDs can include fetal alcohol syndrome, alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder, and alcohol-related birth defects, all to varying degrees depending on the individual. Symptoms of FASDs may or may not be apparent at birth. As the child develops, symptoms may include poor memory, difficulty in school, hyperactvitity, low weight and height for age, speech and developmental delays, or learning disabilities. FASDs are completely preventable if the mother does not drink alcohol during pregnancy. There is no treatment for FASDs, but studies have shown that various interventions including medication and developmental therapy may help with management of symptoms.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders" for support, advocacy or research.

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Arc of the United States

The Arc promotes and protects the human rights of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities and actively supports their full inclusion and participation in the community throughout their lifetimes.

Last Updated: 1 Jun 2015

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Family Empowerment Network

The Family Empowerment Network (FEN) is a training and referral resource serving families affected by Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and the providers who serve them.

Last Updated: 18 Jan 2013

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National Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

NOFAS strives to prevent alcohol use during pregnancy and supports individuals and families living with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD). NOFAS envisions a nation where all children are born alcohol free.

Last Updated: 14 May 2013

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The Arc of East Central Iowa

The Arc of East Central Iowa empowers people with intellectual and related disabilities to engage in lifelong opportunities to live, learn, work and play with dignity, freedom and full inclusion in their communities.

Last Updated: 11 Apr 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Arc of the United States

The Arc promotes and protects the human rights of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities and actively supports their full inclusion and participation in the community throughout their lifetimes.

http://www.thearc.org

Last Updated: 1 Jun 2015

View Details
Family Empowerment Network

The Family Empowerment Network (FEN) is a training and referral resource serving families affected by Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and the providers who serve them.

http://www.pregnancyandalcohol.org

Last Updated: 18 Jan 2013

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National Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

NOFAS strives to prevent alcohol use during pregnancy and supports individuals and families living with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD). NOFAS envisions a nation where all children are born alcohol free.

http://www.nofas.org

Last Updated: 14 May 2013

View Details
The Arc of East Central Iowa

The Arc of East Central Iowa empowers people with intellectual and related disabilities to engage in lifelong opportunities to live, learn, work and play with dignity, freedom and full inclusion in their communities.

http://www.arceci.org

Last Updated: 11 Apr 2013

View Details

 

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders" returned 91 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Validation of the Polish Version of the Washington 4-Digit Diagnostic Code for the Assessment of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders.
 

Author(s): Małgorzata Klecka, Małgorzata Janas-Kozik, Ireneusz Jelonek, Andrzej Siwiec, Janusz Rybakowski

Journal: Psychiatr. Pol.. 2017 Apr;51(2):335-347.

 

The aim of this paper is a quantitative assessment of FASD facial phenotype in the Polish population using the Polish version of the 4-Digit Diagnostic Code.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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An ERP Study of Response Inhibition in the Auditory Domain in Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders.
 

Author(s): Matthew M Gerhold, Sandra W Jacobson, Joseph L Jacobson, Christopher D Molteno, Ernesta M Meintjes, Colin M Andrew

Journal: Alcohol. Clin. Exp. Res.. 2017 Jan;41(1):96-106.

 

Previous event-related potential (ERP) studies of response inhibition in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) have used a visual Go/NoGo task to study the impact of prenatal alcohol exposure on response inhibition. No studies exist using auditory versions of the task; ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial of choline supplementation in school-aged children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.
 

Author(s): Tanya T Nguyen, Rashmi D Risbud, Sarah N Mattson, Christina D Chambers, Jennifer D Thomas

Journal: Am. J. Clin. Nutr.. 2016 Dec;104(6):1683-1692.

 

Prenatal alcohol exposure results in a broad range of cognitive and behavioral impairments. Because of the long-lasting problems that are associated with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs), the development of effective treatment programs is critical. Preclinical animal studies ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders" returned 38 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Interventions in fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: An international perspective.
 

Author(s): Christie L M Petrenko, Michelle E Alto

Journal: Eur J Med Genet. 2017 Jan;60(1):79-91.

 

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are present across countries and cultures, with prevalence rates threatening to rise in the coming years. In order to support children and families with FASD around the world, researchers must work to disseminate and implement evidence-based ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Updated Clinical Guidelines for Diagnosing Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders.
 

Author(s): H Eugene Hoyme, Wendy O Kalberg, Amy J Elliott, Jason Blankenship, David Buckley, Anna-Susan Marais, Melanie A Manning, Luther K Robinson, Margaret P Adam, Omar Abdul-Rahman, Tamison Jewett, Claire D Coles, Christina Chambers, Kenneth L Jones, Colleen M Adnams, Prachi E Shah, Edward P Riley, Michael E Charness, Kenneth R Warren, Philip A May

Journal: Pediatrics. 2016 Aug;138(2):.

 

The adverse effects of prenatal alcohol exposure constitute a continuum of disabilities (fetal alcohol spectrum disorders [FASD]). In 1996, the Institute of Medicine established diagnostic categories delineating the spectrum but not specifying clinical criteria by which diagnoses ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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The Genetics of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders.
 

Author(s): Johann K Eberhart, Scott E Parnell

Journal: Alcohol. Clin. Exp. Res.. 2016 Jun;40(6):1154-65.

 

The term "fetal alcohol spectrum disorders" (FASD) defines the full range of ethanol (EtOH)-induced birth defects. Numerous variables influence the phenotypic outcomes of embryonic EtOH exposure. Among these variables, genetics appears to play an important role, yet our understanding ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Choline Supplementation as a Neurodevelopmental Intervention in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

 

Last Updated: 13 Mar 2017

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Cognitive Training and tDCS for Children With FASD
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

 

Last Updated: 27 Nov 2017

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Parenting Training for Children With FASD
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

 

Last Updated: 8 Mar 2016

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