Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

Common Name(s)

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) are a group of disorders that can appear in an individual whose mother drank alcohol during their pregnancy. When a mother drinks alcohol, the alcohol in her blood passes through the placenta to her baby. This can harm the developing fetus. FASDs can include fetal alcohol syndrome, alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder, and alcohol-related birth defects, all to varying degrees depending on the individual. Symptoms of FASDs may or may not be apparent at birth. As the child develops, symptoms may include poor memory, difficulty in school, hyperactvitity, low weight and height for age, speech and developmental delays, or learning disabilities. FASDs are completely preventable if the mother does not drink alcohol during pregnancy. There is no treatment for FASDs, but studies have shown that various interventions including medication and developmental therapy may help with management of symptoms.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders" for support, advocacy or research.

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Arc of the United States

The Arc promotes and protects the human rights of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities and actively supports their full inclusion and participation in the community throughout their lifetimes.

Last Updated: 1 Nov 2012

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Family Empowerment Network

The Family Empowerment Network (FEN) is a training and referral resource serving families affected by Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and the providers who serve them.

Last Updated: 18 Jan 2013

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National Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

NOFAS strives to prevent alcohol use during pregnancy and supports individuals and families living with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD). NOFAS envisions a nation where all children are born alcohol free.

Last Updated: 14 May 2013

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The Arc of East Central Iowa

The Arc of East Central Iowa empowers people with intellectual and related disabilities to engage in lifelong opportunities to live, learn, work and play with dignity, freedom and full inclusion in their communities.

Last Updated: 11 Apr 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Arc of the United States

The Arc promotes and protects the human rights of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities and actively supports their full inclusion and participation in the community throughout their lifetimes.

http://www.thearc.org

Last Updated: 1 Nov 2012

View Details
Family Empowerment Network

The Family Empowerment Network (FEN) is a training and referral resource serving families affected by Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and the providers who serve them.

http://www.pregnancyandalcohol.org

Last Updated: 18 Jan 2013

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National Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

NOFAS strives to prevent alcohol use during pregnancy and supports individuals and families living with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD). NOFAS envisions a nation where all children are born alcohol free.

http://www.nofas.org

Last Updated: 14 May 2013

View Details
The Arc of East Central Iowa

The Arc of East Central Iowa empowers people with intellectual and related disabilities to engage in lifelong opportunities to live, learn, work and play with dignity, freedom and full inclusion in their communities.

http://www.arceci.org

Last Updated: 11 Apr 2013

View Details

 

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders" returned 56 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Choline supplementation in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders has high feasibility and tolerability.
 

Author(s): Jeffrey R Wozniak, Anita J Fuglestad, Judith K Eckerle, Maria G Kroupina, Neely C Miller, Christopher J Boys, Ann M Brearley, Birgit A Fink, Heather L Hoecker, Steven H Zeisel, Michael K Georgieff

Journal: Nutr Res. 2013 Nov;33(11):897-904.

 

There are no biological treatments for fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs), lifelong conditions associated with physical anomalies, brain damage, and neurocognitive abnormalities. In preclinical studies, choline partially ameliorates memory and learning deficits from prenatal ...

Last Updated: 1 Nov 2013

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Sensory control of balance: a comparison of children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders to children with typical development.
 

Author(s): Tracy L Jirikowic, Sarah W McCoy, Anat Lubetzky-Vilnai, Robert Price, Marcia A Ciol, Deborah Kartin, Lin-Ya Hsu, Beth Gendler, Susan J Astley

Journal: J Popul Ther Clin Pharmacol. 2013 ;20(3):e212-28.

 

Inefficient central processing and integration of visual, vestibular, and somatosensory information may contribute to poor balance and diminished postural control in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD).

Last Updated: 28 Oct 2013

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Functional handwriting performance in school-age children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.
 

Author(s): Cherie J Duval-White, Tracy Jirikowic, Dianne Rios, Jean Deitz, Heather Carmichael Olson

Journal: Am J Occup Ther. ;67(5):534-42.

 

Handwriting is a critical skill for school success. Children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) often present with fine motor and visual-motor impairments that can affect handwriting performance, yet handwriting skills have not been systematically investigated in this clinical ...

Last Updated: 23 Aug 2013

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders" returned 25 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Dysregulation of microRNA expression and function contributes to the etiology of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.
 

Author(s): Sridevi Balaraman, Joseph D Tingling, Pai-Chi Tsai, Rajesh C Miranda

Journal: Alcohol Res. 2013 ;35(1):18-24.

 

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are members of a large class of non-protein-coding RNA (ncRNA) molecules that represent a significant, but until recently unappreciated, layer of cellular regulation. Assessment of the generation and function of miRNAs suggests that these ncRNAs are vulnerable to ...

Last Updated: 9 Dec 2013

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What research is being done on prenatal alcohol exposure and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders in the Russian research community?
 

Author(s): Svetlana Popova, Aleksandra Yaltonskaya, Vladimir Yaltonsky, Yaroslav Kolpakov, Ilya Abrosimov, Kristina Pervakov, Valeria Tanner, J├╝rgen Rehm

Journal: Alcohol Alcohol.. ;49(1):84-95.

 

Although Russia has one of the highest rates of alcohol consumption and alcohol-attributable burden of disease, little is known about the existing research on prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASDs) in this country. The objective of this study ...

Last Updated: 18 Dec 2013

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Recommendations from a consensus development workshop on the diagnosis of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders in Australia.
 

Author(s): Rochelle E Watkins, Elizabeth J Elliott, Amanda Wilkins, Raewyn C Mutch, James P Fitzpatrick, Janet M Payne, Colleen M O'Leary, Heather M Jones, Jane Latimer, Lorian Hayes, Jane Halliday, Heather D'Antoine, Sue Miers, Elizabeth Russell, Lucinda Burns, Anne McKenzie, Elizabeth Peadon, Maureen Carter, Carol Bower

Journal:

 

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are underdiagnosed in Australia, and health professionals have endorsed the need for national guidelines for diagnosis. The aim of this study was to develop consensus recommendations for the diagnosis of FASD in Australia.

Last Updated: 15 Nov 2013

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Evaluating the Effectiveness of an Attachment-Focused Intervention in Preschool Children With FASD
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder; Attachment Disorders

 

Last Updated: 26 Aug 2014

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Parenting Training for Children With FASD
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

 

Last Updated: 5 Aug 2014

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Assess the Effectiveness of Atomoxetine in Children With Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and ADD/ADHD
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Fetal Alcohol Syndrome; Attention Deficit Disorder With Hyperactivity (ADHD); Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)

 

Last Updated: 6 Feb 2012

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