Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

Common Name(s)

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) are a group of disorders that can appear in an individual whose mother drank alcohol during their pregnancy. When a mother drinks alcohol, the alcohol in her blood passes through the placenta to her baby. This can harm the developing fetus. FASDs can include fetal alcohol syndrome, alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder, and alcohol-related birth defects, all to varying degrees depending on the individual. Symptoms of FASDs may or may not be apparent at birth. As the child develops, symptoms may include poor memory, difficulty in school, hyperactvitity, low weight and height for age, speech and developmental delays, or learning disabilities. FASDs are completely preventable if the mother does not drink alcohol during pregnancy. There is no treatment for FASDs, but studies have shown that various interventions including medication and developmental therapy may help with management of symptoms.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders" for support, advocacy or research.

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Arc of the United States

The Arc promotes and protects the human rights of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities and actively supports their full inclusion and participation in the community throughout their lifetimes.

Last Updated: 1 Jun 2015

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Family Empowerment Network

The Family Empowerment Network (FEN) is a training and referral resource serving families affected by Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and the providers who serve them.

Last Updated: 18 Jan 2013

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National Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

NOFAS strives to prevent alcohol use during pregnancy and supports individuals and families living with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD). NOFAS envisions a nation where all children are born alcohol free.

Last Updated: 14 May 2013

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The Arc of East Central Iowa

The Arc of East Central Iowa empowers people with intellectual and related disabilities to engage in lifelong opportunities to live, learn, work and play with dignity, freedom and full inclusion in their communities.

Last Updated: 11 Apr 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Arc of the United States

The Arc promotes and protects the human rights of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities and actively supports their full inclusion and participation in the community throughout their lifetimes.

http://www.thearc.org

Last Updated: 1 Jun 2015

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Family Empowerment Network

The Family Empowerment Network (FEN) is a training and referral resource serving families affected by Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and the providers who serve them.

http://www.pregnancyandalcohol.org

Last Updated: 18 Jan 2013

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National Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

NOFAS strives to prevent alcohol use during pregnancy and supports individuals and families living with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD). NOFAS envisions a nation where all children are born alcohol free.

http://www.nofas.org

Last Updated: 14 May 2013

View Details
The Arc of East Central Iowa

The Arc of East Central Iowa empowers people with intellectual and related disabilities to engage in lifelong opportunities to live, learn, work and play with dignity, freedom and full inclusion in their communities.

http://www.arceci.org

Last Updated: 11 Apr 2013

View Details

 

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders" returned 86 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Validation of the Polish Version of the Washington 4-Digit Diagnostic Code for the Assessment of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders.
 

Author(s): Małgorzata Klecka, Małgorzata Janas-Kozik, Ireneusz Jelonek, Andrzej Siwiec, Janusz Rybakowski

Journal: Psychiatr. Pol.. 2017 Apr;51(2):335-347.

 

The aim of this paper is a quantitative assessment of FASD facial phenotype in the Polish population using the Polish version of the 4-Digit Diagnostic Code.

Last Updated: 5 Jun 2017

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The continuum of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders in a community in South Africa: Prevalence and characteristics in a fifth sample.
 

Author(s): Philip A May, Anna-Susan Marais, Marlene M de Vries, Wendy O Kalberg, David Buckley, Julie M Hasken, Colleen M Adnams, Ronel Barnard, Belinda Joubert, Marise Cloete, Barbara Tabachnick, Luther K Robinson, Melanie A Manning, Kenneth Lyons Jones, Heidre Bezuidenhout, Soraya Seedat, Charles D H Parry, H Eugene Hoyme

Journal: Drug Alcohol Depend. 2016 Nov;168():274-286.

 

The prevalence and characteristics of the continuum of diagnoses within fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) were researched in a fifth sample in a South African community.

Last Updated: 13 Oct 2016

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Second-Trimester Ultrasound as a Tool for Early Detection of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders.
 

Author(s): Annika C Montag, Andrew D Hull, Lyubov Yevtushok, Natalya Zymak-Zakutnya, Zoryana Sosyniuk, Viktor Dolhov, Kenneth Lyons Jones, Wladimir Wertelecki, Christina D Chambers,

Journal: Alcohol. Clin. Exp. Res.. 2016 Nov;40(11):2418-2425.

 

Early detection of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) is desirable to allow earlier and more comprehensive interventions to be initiated for the mother and infant. We examined prenatal ultrasound as an early method of detecting markers of the physical features and neurobehavioral ...

Last Updated: 30 Sep 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders" returned 35 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Updated Clinical Guidelines for Diagnosing Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders.
 

Author(s): H Eugene Hoyme, Wendy O Kalberg, Amy J Elliott, Jason Blankenship, David Buckley, Anna-Susan Marais, Melanie A Manning, Luther K Robinson, Margaret P Adam, Omar Abdul-Rahman, Tamison Jewett, Claire D Coles, Christina Chambers, Kenneth L Jones, Colleen M Adnams, Prachi E Shah, Edward P Riley, Michael E Charness, Kenneth R Warren, Philip A May

Journal: Pediatrics. 2016 Aug;138(2):.

 

The adverse effects of prenatal alcohol exposure constitute a continuum of disabilities (fetal alcohol spectrum disorders [FASD]). In 1996, the Institute of Medicine established diagnostic categories delineating the spectrum but not specifying clinical criteria by which diagnoses ...

Last Updated: 2 Aug 2016

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Advances in Diagnosis and Treatment of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: From Animal Models to Human Studies.
 

Author(s): Nathen J Murawski, Eileen M Moore, Jennifer D Thomas, Edward P Riley

Journal: Alcohol Res. 2015 ;37(1):97-108.

 

Prenatal alcohol exposure can cause a number of physical, behavioral, cognitive, and neural impairments, collectively known as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). This article examines basic research that has been or could be translated into practical applications for the diagnosis ...

Last Updated: 11 Aug 2015

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Utilization of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Research Involving Animal Models of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders.
 

Author(s): Xiaojie Wang, Christopher D Kroenke

Journal: Alcohol Res. 2015 ;37(1):39-51.

 

It is well recognized that fetal alcohol exposure can profoundly damage the developing brain. The term fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) describes the range of deficits that result from prenatal alcohol exposure. Over the past two decades, researchers have used magnetic resonance ...

Last Updated: 11 Aug 2015

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Choline Supplementation as a Neurodevelopmental Intervention in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

 

Last Updated: 13 Mar 2017

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Parenting Training for Children With FASD
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

 

Last Updated: 8 Mar 2016

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Prenatal Alcohol Biomarker Study in Uruguay
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

 

Last Updated: 5 May 2017

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