Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

Common Name(s)

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) are a group of disorders that can appear in an individual whose mother drank alcohol during their pregnancy. When a mother drinks alcohol, the alcohol in her blood passes through the placenta to her baby. This can harm the developing fetus. FASDs can include fetal alcohol syndrome, alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder, and alcohol-related birth defects, all to varying degrees depending on the individual. Symptoms of FASDs may or may not be apparent at birth. As the child develops, symptoms may include poor memory, difficulty in school, hyperactvitity, low weight and height for age, speech and developmental delays, or learning disabilities. FASDs are completely preventable if the mother does not drink alcohol during pregnancy. There is no treatment for FASDs, but studies have shown that various interventions including medication and developmental therapy may help with management of symptoms.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders" for support, advocacy or research.

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Arc of the United States

The Arc promotes and protects the human rights of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities and actively supports their full inclusion and participation in the community throughout their lifetimes.

Last Updated: 1 Jun 2015

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Family Empowerment Network

The Family Empowerment Network (FEN) is a training and referral resource serving families affected by Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and the providers who serve them.

Last Updated: 18 Jan 2013

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National Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

NOFAS strives to prevent alcohol use during pregnancy and supports individuals and families living with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD). NOFAS envisions a nation where all children are born alcohol free.

Last Updated: 14 May 2013

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The Arc of East Central Iowa

The Arc of East Central Iowa empowers people with intellectual and related disabilities to engage in lifelong opportunities to live, learn, work and play with dignity, freedom and full inclusion in their communities.

Last Updated: 11 Apr 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Arc of the United States

The Arc promotes and protects the human rights of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities and actively supports their full inclusion and participation in the community throughout their lifetimes.

http://www.thearc.org

Last Updated: 1 Jun 2015

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Family Empowerment Network

The Family Empowerment Network (FEN) is a training and referral resource serving families affected by Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and the providers who serve them.

http://www.pregnancyandalcohol.org

Last Updated: 18 Jan 2013

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National Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

NOFAS strives to prevent alcohol use during pregnancy and supports individuals and families living with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD). NOFAS envisions a nation where all children are born alcohol free.

http://www.nofas.org

Last Updated: 14 May 2013

View Details
The Arc of East Central Iowa

The Arc of East Central Iowa empowers people with intellectual and related disabilities to engage in lifelong opportunities to live, learn, work and play with dignity, freedom and full inclusion in their communities.

http://www.arceci.org

Last Updated: 11 Apr 2013

View Details

 

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders" returned 76 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Misattributions and Potential Consequences: The Case of Child Mental Health Problems and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders.
 

Author(s): John D Mclennan

Journal: Can J Psychiatry. 2015 Dec;60(12):587-90.

 

Last Updated: 1 Jan 2016

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Indicated Prevention of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders in South Africa: Effectiveness of Case Management.
 

Author(s): Marlene M de Vries, Belinda Joubert, Marise Cloete, Sumien Roux, Beth A Baca, Julie M Hasken, Ronel Barnard, David Buckley, Wendy O Kalberg, Cudore L Snell, Anna-Susan Marais, Soraya Seedat, Charles D H Parry, Philip A May

Journal:

 

In the Western Cape Province of South Africa (ZA) a subculture of binge drinking produces the highest global documented prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). FASD prevention research activities in ZA use the Comprehensive Prevention approach from the United States ...

Last Updated: 25 Dec 2015

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Aberrant development of post-movement beta rebound in adolescents and young adults with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.
 

Author(s): Andrei A Vakhtin, Piyadasa W Kodituwakku, Christopher M Garcia, Claudia D Tesche

Journal:

 

Dependent on maternal (e.g. genetic, age) and exposure (frequency, quantity, and timing) variables, the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on the developing fetus are known to vary widely, producing a broad range of morphological anomalies and neurocognitive deficits in offspring, ...

Last Updated: 23 Nov 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders" returned 36 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Advances in Diagnosis and Treatment of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: From Animal Models to Human Studies.
 

Author(s): Nathen J Murawski, Eileen M Moore, Jennifer D Thomas, Edward P Riley

Journal: Alcohol Res. 2015 ;37(1):97-108.

 

Prenatal alcohol exposure can cause a number of physical, behavioral, cognitive, and neural impairments, collectively known as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). This article examines basic research that has been or could be translated into practical applications for the diagnosis ...

Last Updated: 11 Aug 2015

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Utilization of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Research Involving Animal Models of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders.
 

Author(s): Xiaojie Wang, Christopher D Kroenke

Journal: Alcohol Res. 2015 ;37(1):39-51.

 

It is well recognized that fetal alcohol exposure can profoundly damage the developing brain. The term fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) describes the range of deficits that result from prenatal alcohol exposure. Over the past two decades, researchers have used magnetic resonance ...

Last Updated: 11 Aug 2015

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Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders and neuroimmune changes.
 

Author(s): Paul D Drew, Cynthia J M Kane

Journal: Int. Rev. Neurobiol.. 2014 ;118():41-80.

 

The behavioral consequences of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are serious and persist throughout life. The causative mechanisms underlying FASD are poorly understood. However, much has been learned about FASD from human structural and functional studies as well as from animal ...

Last Updated: 1 Sep 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Choline Supplementation as a Neurodevelopmental Intervention in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

 

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2016

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Parenting Training for Children With FASD
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

 

Last Updated: 8 Mar 2016

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Epigallocatechin Gallate (EGCG) to Improve Cognitive Performance in Foetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) Children
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)

 

Last Updated: 23 Sep 2015

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