Esophageal Varices

Common Name(s)

Esophageal Varices

Esophageal varices are abnormal, enlarged veins in the esophagus. The esophagus is the tube that carries food from the mouth to the stomach. Esophageal varices usually don't cause signs and symptoms unless they rupture and begin bleeding. This can cause vomiting blood, tarry or bloody stoole, or shock. Most often, esophageal varices occur in people with serious liver diseases. A number of drugs and medical procedures can help prevent and stop the bleeding from esophageal varices such as medication to reduce blood pressure, a surgical procedure to tie off the bleeding vein, and a liver replacement.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Esophageal Varices" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Esophageal Varices" returned 189 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Liver stiffness measurement and spleen diameter as predictors for the presence of esophageal varices in chronic hepatitis C patients.
 

Author(s): Mohammed Tag-Adeen, Mohamed Alsenbesy, Ali Abdelrahman Ghweil, M Ali Hussein Abd Elrazek, Elsayed A Elgohary, Mohammad M Sallam, Ali Ismael, Abdallah Nawara

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Nov;96(46):e8621.

 

Although it is an invasive and unpleasant procedure, esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) is still the gold standard for esophageal varices (EV) detection. The aim of this study was to investigate liver stiffness measurement (LSM) and spleen diameter as simple noninvasive tools for EV ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Hepatic and Gastric Involvement in a Case of Systemic Sarcoidosis Presenting with Rupture of Esophageal Varices.
 

Author(s): Hiroaki Saito, Masayasu Ohmori, Masaya Iwamuro, Takehiro Tanaka, Nozomu Wada, Tetsuya Yasunaka, Akinobu Takaki, Hiroyuki Okada

Journal: Intern. Med.. 2017 Oct;56(19):2583-2588.

 

A 46-year-old woman presented with massive hematemesis, caused by the rupture of esophageal varices. The laboratory investigations showed pancytopenia, and imaging tests revealed hepatosplenomegaly and ascites. A diagnosis of systemic sarcoidosis was made based on biopsies of the ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Changes in skeletal muscle mass after endoscopic treatment in patients with esophageal varices.
 

Author(s): Yoshiyuki Sakai, Hiroki Nishikawa, Hirayuki Enomoto, Kazunori Yoh, Akio Ishii, Yoshinori Iwata, Yuho Miyamoto, Noriko Ishii, Yukihisa Yuri, Kunihiro Hasegawa, Chikage Nakano, Takashi Nishimura, Nobuhiro Aizawa, Naoto Ikeda, Tomoyuki Takashima, Ryo Takata, Hiroko Iijima, Shuhei Nishiguchi

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Jun;96(26):e7377.

 

To the best of our knowledge, no available data with regard to changes in skeletal muscle mass for liver cirrhosis (LC) patients with esophageal varices (EVs) undergoing endoscopic therapy as a primary prophylaxis could exist. As endoscopic therapies, such as endoscopic injection ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Esophageal Varices" returned 15 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Non-invasive diagnosis of esophageal varices after Baveno VI.
 

Author(s): Carlos Moctezuma Velázquez, Juan G Abraldes

Journal: Turk J Gastroenterol. 2017 May;28(3):159-165.

 

A major complication of portal hypertension in patients with cirrhosis is the development of esophageal varices with the associated risk of variceal bleeding. Hence, the Baveno consensus on portal hypertension in its first five editions had recommended surveillance with periodic upper ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Bleeding 'downhill' esophageal varices associated with benign superior vena cava obstruction: case report and literature review.
 

Author(s): Michael Loudin, Sharon Anderson, Barry Schlansky

Journal:

 

Proximal or 'downhill' esophageal varices are a rare cause of upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Unlike the much more common distal esophageal varices, which are most commonly a result of portal hypertension, downhill esophageal varices result from vascular obstruction of the superior ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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A Beginning or the End? A Meta-analysis to Assess the Diagnostic Accuracy of Transient Elastography for the Prediction of Esophageal Varices.
 

Author(s): Yundong Qu, Tao Li, Qian Ye, Lixin Zhang, Lei Wang

Journal: Saudi J Gastroenterol. ;22(5):345-352.

 

To assess the accuracy of transient elastography (TE) in the prediction of esophageal varices (EV).

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Endoscopic Injection Sclerotherapy Versus N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate Injection
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Bleeding Esophageal Varices

 

Last Updated: 23 Dec 2017

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Radiomics-based Surrogate of Endoscopy (rEndosc) (CHESS1703)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Esophageal Varices in Cirrhosis of the Liver

 

Last Updated: 17 Dec 2017

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Blood Ammonia as Predictor for Esophageal Varices and Risk of Bleeding
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Chronic Liver Disease; Esophageal Varices

 

Last Updated: 7 Jul 2017

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