Esophageal Varices

Common Name(s)

Esophageal Varices

Esophageal varices are abnormal, enlarged veins in the esophagus. The esophagus is the tube that carries food from the mouth to the stomach. Esophageal varices usually don't cause signs and symptoms unless they rupture and begin bleeding. This can cause vomiting blood, tarry or bloody stoole, or shock. Most often, esophageal varices occur in people with serious liver diseases. A number of drugs and medical procedures can help prevent and stop the bleeding from esophageal varices such as medication to reduce blood pressure, a surgical procedure to tie off the bleeding vein, and a liver replacement.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Esophageal Varices" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Esophageal Varices" returned 177 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Gastric Polyp Growth during Endoscopic Surveillance for Esophageal Varices or Barrett's Esophagus.
 

Author(s): Dan M Livovsky, Orit Pappo, Galina Skarzhinsky, Asaf Peretz, Elliot Turvall, Zvi Ackerman

Journal: Isr. Med. Assoc. J.. 2016 May;18(5):267-71.

 

We recently observed patients with chronic liver disease (CLD) or chronic reflux symptoms (CRS) who developed gastric polyps (GPs) while undergoing surveillance gastroscopies for the detection of esophageal varices or Barrett's esophagus, respectively.

Last Updated: 19 Jul 2016

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Quantitative fibrosis parameters highly predict esophageal-gastro varices in primary biliary cirrhosis.
 

Author(s): Q-M Wu, X-Y Zhao, H You

Journal: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2016 ;20(6):1037-43.

 

Esophageal-gastro Varices (EGV) may develop in any histological stages of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). We aim to establish and validate quantitative fibrosis (qFibrosis) parameters in portal, septal and fibrillar areas as ideal predictors of EGV in PBC patients.

Last Updated: 7 Apr 2016

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Regression of esophageal varices during entecavir treatment in patients with hepatitis-B-virus-related liver cirrhosis.
 

Author(s): Hye Young Jwa, Yoo-Kyung Cho, Eun Kwang Choi, Heung Up Kim, Hyun Joo Song, Soo-Young Na, Sun-Jin Boo, Seung Uk Jeong, Bong Soo Kim, Byoung-Wook Lee, Byung-Cheol Song

Journal: Clin Mol Hepatol. 2016 Mar;22(1):183-7.

 

Recent studies suggest that liver cirrhosis is reversible after administering oral nucleos(t)ide analogue therapy to patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. However, few studies have addressed whether esophageal varices can regress after such therapy. We report a case of ...

Last Updated: 5 Apr 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Esophageal Varices" returned 11 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Diagnostic Accuracy of APRI, AAR, FIB-4, FI, King, Lok, Forns, and FibroIndex Scores in Predicting the Presence of Esophageal Varices in Liver Cirrhosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
 

Author(s): Han Deng, Xingshun Qi, Xiaozhong Guo

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2015 Oct;94(42):e1795.

 

Aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio (APRI), aspartate aminotransferase-to-alanine aminotransferase ratio (AAR), FIB-4, FI, King, Lok, Forns, and FibroIndex scores may be simple and convenient noninvasive diagnostic tests, because they are based on the regular laboratory tests ...

Last Updated: 27 Oct 2015

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Endoscopic treatment of esophageal varices in patients with liver cirrhosis.
 

Author(s): Christos Triantos, Maria Kalafateli

Journal: World J. Gastroenterol.. 2014 Sep;20(36):13015-26.

 

Variceal bleeding is a life-threatening complication of portal hypertension with a six-week mortality rate of approximately 20%. Patients with medium- or large-sized varices can be treated for primary prophylaxis of variceal bleeding using two strategies: non-selective beta-blockers ...

Last Updated: 3 Oct 2014

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Non-invasive ultrasound-based diagnosis and staging of esophageal varices in liver cirrhosis. A systematic review of the literature published in the third millenium.
 

Author(s): Adriana Binţinţan, Romeo Ioan Chira, Petru Adrian Mircea

Journal: Med Ultrason. 2013 Jun;15(2):116-24.

 

Endoscopic surveilance of esophageal varices in patients with liver cirrhosis is expensive for the health system and uncomfortable for the patients. Recently, non-invasive ultrasound-based parameters seem to offer valuable informations about the status of esophaeal varices and thus ...

Last Updated: 24 May 2013

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Preventing Recurrent Bleeding After Eradication of Esophageal Varices
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Esophageal Varices

 

Last Updated: 12 Apr 2016

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Last Updated: 17 Jan 2017

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Non-invasive Prediction of Esophageal Varices in Liver Cirrhosis: A Multicenter Observational Study
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Liver Cirrhosis; Esophageal and Gastric Varices

 

Last Updated: 8 Aug 2016

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