Esophageal Varices

Common Name(s)

Esophageal Varices

Esophageal varices are abnormal, enlarged veins in the esophagus. The esophagus is the tube that carries food from the mouth to the stomach. Esophageal varices usually don't cause signs and symptoms unless they rupture and begin bleeding. This can cause vomiting blood, tarry or bloody stoole, or shock. Most often, esophageal varices occur in people with serious liver diseases. A number of drugs and medical procedures can help prevent and stop the bleeding from esophageal varices such as medication to reduce blood pressure, a surgical procedure to tie off the bleeding vein, and a liver replacement.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Esophageal Varices" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Esophageal Varices" returned 192 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Liver stiffness measurement and spleen diameter as predictors for the presence of esophageal varices in chronic hepatitis C patients.
 

Author(s): Mohammed Tag-Adeen, Mohamed Alsenbesy, Ali Abdelrahman Ghweil, M Ali Hussein Abd Elrazek, Elsayed A Elgohary, Mohammad M Sallam, Ali Ismael, Abdallah Nawara

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Nov;96(46):e8621.

 

Although it is an invasive and unpleasant procedure, esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) is still the gold standard for esophageal varices (EV) detection. The aim of this study was to investigate liver stiffness measurement (LSM) and spleen diameter as simple noninvasive tools for EV ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Hepatic and Gastric Involvement in a Case of Systemic Sarcoidosis Presenting with Rupture of Esophageal Varices.
 

Author(s): Hiroaki Saito, Masayasu Ohmori, Masaya Iwamuro, Takehiro Tanaka, Nozomu Wada, Tetsuya Yasunaka, Akinobu Takaki, Hiroyuki Okada

Journal: Intern. Med.. 2017 Oct;56(19):2583-2588.

 

A 46-year-old woman presented with massive hematemesis, caused by the rupture of esophageal varices. The laboratory investigations showed pancytopenia, and imaging tests revealed hepatosplenomegaly and ascites. A diagnosis of systemic sarcoidosis was made based on biopsies of the ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Platelet count to splenic diameter ratio and other noninvasive markers as predictors of esophageal varices in patients with liver cirrhosis.
 

Author(s): Zubia Jamil, Maryam Malik, Asghar Aurangzeb Durrani

Journal: Turk J Gastroenterol. 2017 Sep;28(5):347-352.

 

Endoscopy as a screening modality for esophageal varices is becoming difficult because of its invasiveness, cost, and increased burden of liver cirrhosis. This study aims to determine the diagnostic accuracy of simple and noninvasive markers in detecting esophageal varices.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Esophageal Varices" returned 16 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Neurological symptoms and spinal cord embolism caused by endoscopic injection sclerotherapy for esophageal varices: A case report and literature review.
 

Author(s): Shiqian Liu, Nannan Wu, Mingkai Chen, Xi Zeng, Fang Wang, Qian She

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 May;97(18):e0622.

 

Spinal cord embolism is a rare complication of endoscopic injection sclerotherapy (EIS).

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Non-invasive diagnosis of esophageal varices after Baveno VI.
 

Author(s): Carlos Moctezuma Velázquez, Juan G Abraldes

Journal: Turk J Gastroenterol. 2017 May;28(3):159-165.

 

A major complication of portal hypertension in patients with cirrhosis is the development of esophageal varices with the associated risk of variceal bleeding. Hence, the Baveno consensus on portal hypertension in its first five editions had recommended surveillance with periodic upper ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Bleeding 'downhill' esophageal varices associated with benign superior vena cava obstruction: case report and literature review.
 

Author(s): Michael Loudin, Sharon Anderson, Barry Schlansky

Journal:

 

Proximal or 'downhill' esophageal varices are a rare cause of upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Unlike the much more common distal esophageal varices, which are most commonly a result of portal hypertension, downhill esophageal varices result from vascular obstruction of the superior ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Radiomics-based Surrogate of Endoscopy (rEndosc) (CHESS1703)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Esophageal Varices in Cirrhosis of the Liver

 

Last Updated: 17 Dec 2017

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Blood Ammonia as Predictor for Esophageal Varices and Risk of Bleeding
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Chronic Liver Disease; Esophageal Varices

 

Last Updated: 7 Jul 2017

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Non-invasive Prediction of Esophageal Varices in Liver Cirrhosis: A Multicenter Observational Study
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Liver Cirrhosis; Esophageal and Gastric Varices

 

Last Updated: 8 Aug 2016

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