Esophageal Varices

Common Name(s)

Esophageal Varices

Esophageal varices are abnormal, enlarged veins in the esophagus. The esophagus is the tube that carries food from the mouth to the stomach. Esophageal varices usually don't cause signs and symptoms unless they rupture and begin bleeding. This can cause vomiting blood, tarry or bloody stoole, or shock. Most often, esophageal varices occur in people with serious liver diseases. A number of drugs and medical procedures can help prevent and stop the bleeding from esophageal varices such as medication to reduce blood pressure, a surgical procedure to tie off the bleeding vein, and a liver replacement.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Esophageal Varices" for support, advocacy or research.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Esophageal Varices" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Esophageal Varices" returned 166 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Real-time two-dimensional shear wave ultrasound elastography of the liver is a reliable predictor of clinical outcomes and the presence of esophageal varices in patients with compensated liver cirrhosis.
 

Author(s): Ivica Grgurević, Tomislav Bokun, Sanda Mustapić, Vladimir Trkulja, Renata Heinzl, Marko Banić, Željko Puljiz, Boris Lukšić, Milan Kujundžić

Journal: Croat. Med. J.. 2015 Oct;56(5):470-81.

 

Primary: to evaluate predictivity of liver stiffness (LS), spleen stiffness (SS), and their ratio assessed by real-time 2D shear wave elastography (RT-2D-SWE) for adverse outcomes (hepatic decompensation, hepatocellular carcinoma or death; "event") in compensated liver cirrhosis (LC) ...

Last Updated: 3 Nov 2015

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The Role of Spleen Stiffness in Determining the Severity and Bleeding Risk of Esophageal Varices in Cirrhotic Patients.
 

Author(s): Hwi Young Kim, Eun Hyo Jin, Won Kim, Jae Young Lee, Hyunsik Woo, Sohee Oh, Ji-Yeon Seo, Hong Sang Oh, Kwang Hyun Chung, Yong Jin Jung, Donghee Kim, Byeong Gwan Kim, Kook Lae Lee

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2015 Jun;94(24):e1031.

 

Esophageal varix and its hemorrhage are serious complications of liver cirrhosis. Recent studies have focused on noninvasive prediction of esophageal varices. We attempted to evaluate the association of liver and spleen stiffness (LS and SS) as measured by acoustic radiation force ...

Last Updated: 20 Jun 2015

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Prevention of Rebleeding From Esophageal Varices in Patients With Cirrhosis Receiving Small-Diameter Stents Versus Hemodynamically Controlled Medical Therapy.
 

Author(s): Tilman Sauerbruch, Martin Mengel, Matthias Dollinger, Alexander Zipprich, Martin Rössle, Elisabeth Panther, Reiner Wiest, Karel Caca, Albrecht Hoffmeister, Holger Lutz, Rüdiger Schoo, Henning Lorenzen, Jonel Trebicka, Beate Appenrodt, Michael Schepke, Rolf Fimmers,

Journal: Gastroenterology. 2015 Sep;149(3):660-8.e1.

 

Patients with cirrhosis and variceal hemorrhage have a high risk of rebleeding. We performed a prospective randomized trial to compare the prevention of rebleeding in patients given a small-diameter covered stent vs those given hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG)-based medical ...

Last Updated: 25 Aug 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Esophageal Varices" returned 11 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Diagnostic Accuracy of APRI, AAR, FIB-4, FI, King, Lok, Forns, and FibroIndex Scores in Predicting the Presence of Esophageal Varices in Liver Cirrhosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
 

Author(s): Han Deng, Xingshun Qi, Xiaozhong Guo

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2015 Oct;94(42):e1795.

 

Aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio (APRI), aspartate aminotransferase-to-alanine aminotransferase ratio (AAR), FIB-4, FI, King, Lok, Forns, and FibroIndex scores may be simple and convenient noninvasive diagnostic tests, because they are based on the regular laboratory tests ...

Last Updated: 27 Oct 2015

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Endoscopic treatment of esophageal varices in patients with liver cirrhosis.
 

Author(s): Christos Triantos, Maria Kalafateli

Journal: World J. Gastroenterol.. 2014 Sep;20(36):13015-26.

 

Variceal bleeding is a life-threatening complication of portal hypertension with a six-week mortality rate of approximately 20%. Patients with medium- or large-sized varices can be treated for primary prophylaxis of variceal bleeding using two strategies: non-selective beta-blockers ...

Last Updated: 3 Oct 2014

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Non-invasive ultrasound-based diagnosis and staging of esophageal varices in liver cirrhosis. A systematic review of the literature published in the third millenium.
 

Author(s): Adriana Binţinţan, Romeo Ioan Chira, Petru Adrian Mircea

Journal: Med Ultrason. 2013 Jun;15(2):116-24.

 

Endoscopic surveilance of esophageal varices in patients with liver cirrhosis is expensive for the health system and uncomfortable for the patients. Recently, non-invasive ultrasound-based parameters seem to offer valuable informations about the status of esophaeal varices and thus ...

Last Updated: 24 May 2013

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Preventing Recurrent Bleeding After Eradication of Esophageal Varices
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Esophageal Varices

 

Last Updated: 12 Apr 2016

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Primary Prevention of Patients With Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Concomitant Esophageal Varices
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Bleeding Esophageal Varices; Hepatocellular Carcinoma

 

Last Updated: 22 Oct 2013

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Last Updated: 18 Feb 2016

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