Esophageal Varices

Common Name(s)

Esophageal Varices

Esophageal varices are abnormal, enlarged veins in the esophagus. The esophagus is the tube that carries food from the mouth to the stomach. Esophageal varices usually don't cause signs and symptoms unless they rupture and begin bleeding. This can cause vomiting blood, tarry or bloody stoole, or shock. Most often, esophageal varices occur in people with serious liver diseases. A number of drugs and medical procedures can help prevent and stop the bleeding from esophageal varices such as medication to reduce blood pressure, a surgical procedure to tie off the bleeding vein, and a liver replacement.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Esophageal Varices" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Esophageal Varices" returned 135 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Hepatic peribiliary cysts with rapidly progressive refractory obstructive jaundice and esophageal varices.
 

Author(s): Michihiko Shibata, Masaaki Hiura, Michio Senju, Toru Matsuhashi, Shintaro Abe, Chie Morita, Kazuhiro Hayashida, Akinari Tabaru, Masaru Harada

Journal: Intern. Med.. 2015 ;54(4):389-93.

 

A 54-year-old man with decompensated alcoholic liver cirrhosis presented with acute cholangitis. Although no localized lesions were detected in the liver on contrast-enhanced computed tomography and no risky varices were noted on endoscopy, hepatic peribiliary cysts (HPBCs) developed ...

Last Updated: 9 Mar 2015

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A new sampling method for spleen stiffness measurement based on quantitative acoustic radiation force impulse elastography for noninvasive assessment of esophageal varices in newly diagnosed HCV-related cirrhosis.
 

Author(s): Leonardo Rizzo, Massimo Attanasio, Marilia Rita Pinzone, Massimiliano Berretta, Michele Malaguarnera, Aldo Morra, Luca L'Abbate, Luca Balestreri, Giuseppe Nunnari, Bruno Cacopardo

Journal: Biomed Res Int. 2014 ;2014():365982.

 

In our study, we evaluated the feasibility of a new sampling method for splenic stiffness (SS) measurement by Quantitative Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse Elastography (Virtual Touch Tissue Quantification (VTTQ)).We measured SS in 54 patients with HCV-related cirrhosis of whom 28 ...

Last Updated: 14 Apr 2014

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Myofibroblastic cell activation and neovascularization predict native liver survival and development of esophageal varices in biliary atresia.
 

Author(s): Janne S Suominen, Hanna Lampela, Päivi Heikkilä, Jouko Lohi, Hannu Jalanko, Mikko P Pakarinen

Journal: World J. Gastroenterol.. 2014 Mar;20(12):3312-9.

 

To study the relation between collagen 1, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and CD34 expression and the most essential portoenterostomy (PE) outcomes.

Last Updated: 3 Apr 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Esophageal Varices" returned 10 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Endoscopic treatment of esophageal varices in patients with liver cirrhosis.
 

Author(s): Christos Triantos, Maria Kalafateli

Journal: World J. Gastroenterol.. 2014 Sep;20(36):13015-26.

 

Variceal bleeding is a life-threatening complication of portal hypertension with a six-week mortality rate of approximately 20%. Patients with medium- or large-sized varices can be treated for primary prophylaxis of variceal bleeding using two strategies: non-selective beta-blockers ...

Last Updated: 3 Oct 2014

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Non-invasive ultrasound-based diagnosis and staging of esophageal varices in liver cirrhosis. A systematic review of the literature published in the third millenium.
 

Author(s): Adriana Binţinţan, Romeo Ioan Chira, Petru Adrian Mircea

Journal: Med Ultrason. 2013 Jun;15(2):116-24.

 

Endoscopic surveilance of esophageal varices in patients with liver cirrhosis is expensive for the health system and uncomfortable for the patients. Recently, non-invasive ultrasound-based parameters seem to offer valuable informations about the status of esophaeal varices and thus ...

Last Updated: 24 May 2013

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Evaluation and treatment of esophageal varices in the cirrhotic patient.
 

Author(s): Eyal Ashkenazi, Yulia Kovalev, Eli Zuckerman

Journal: Isr. Med. Assoc. J.. 2013 Feb;15(2):109-15.

 

Portal hypertension is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in liver cirrhosis. Complications of portal hypertension in cirrhotic patients include esophageal and gastric varices, portal hypertensive gastropathy, ascites, hepatorenal syndrome, hepatopulmonary syndrome and portopulmonary ...

Last Updated: 22 Mar 2013

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Primary Prevention of Patients With Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Concomitant Esophageal Varices
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Bleeding Esophageal Varices; Hepatocellular Carcinoma

 

Last Updated: 22 Oct 2013

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Transparent Cap-assisted Endoscopic Sclerotherapy
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Esophageal Varices

 

Last Updated: 6 Feb 2015

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Hemodynamic Effects of Terlipressin and High Dose Octreotide
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Gastric and Esophageal Varices

 

Last Updated: 22 Apr 2014

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