Epidermolysis bullosa

Common Name(s)

Epidermolysis bullosa, EB

Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) is a group of rare genetic conditions. All types of EB cause fragile skin that blisters and tears from friction or trauma. Other parts of the body may be affected. Children with EB may be called “butterfly children” since their skin is extremely delicate. The severity of the EB can range mild to very severe.

Symptoms of this condition may include blisters on the skin as a result of minor injuries; blisters in the mouth or throat, causing difficulty breathing or eating; toenail and fingernail loss; white bumps on the skin; and a thin appearance to the skin. Other symptoms of EB may include anemia, cardiomyopathy, syndactyly (fusion of the fingers and toes), kidney problems, malnourishment, cancer, constipation, osteoporosis, muscular dystrophy and pyloric atresia. EB is diagnosed by a skin biopsy and genetic testing.

There are four types of EB: Simplex, Dystrophic, Junctional, and Kindler. The development of EB is associated with changes (mutations) in many different genes. Some forms of EB are inherited in a dominant manner (where only one copy of a mutated gene is necessary); other forms in a recessive manner (two mutated copies are necessary to develop the condition). There is an autoimmune type of EB as well. Contact a genetic counselor or specialist to understand the genetics of your child’s EB type and for more information about the condition.

Sadly, there is no cure for EB at this time. Treatment options focus on decreasing discomfort and decreasing the risk of developing infections and may include daily wound care, the use of antibiotics to prevent infections, and the use of medications to decrease pain and itchiness. Surgery may sometimes be advised.

If you have a family history of EB, or your child has been diagnosed, contact your doctor or a specialist to discuss the most current treatment options. Support groups are also a great resource for information and support.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Epidermolysis bullosa" for support, advocacy or research.

Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bullosa Research Association

The Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bullosa Research Association (debra) is the only national not-for-profit dedicated to supporting research to find a cure and treatments for eb, while also providing programs and services to those who suffer from this rare and debilitating genetic disease.

Last Updated: 16 Oct 2012

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Pioneering Unique Cures for Kids

Our Vision: Pioneering Unique Cures for Kids envisions a day when there are various treatment options for kids with rare diseases, and no child has to die from these diseases again. Our Mission: By funding and advocating for cutting edge research, Pioneering Unique Cures for Kids helps transform rare, incurable childhood diseases into curable ones, one disease at a time.

Last Updated: 11 Feb 2013

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United Survivors with EB

USeb, a nonprofit corporation organized & run primarily by people with EB. Our mission is to provide services that will assist people with EB in becoming more self-reliant through social, cultural, recreational, rehabilitative, educational, & occupational opportunities. We value self-reliance because it inspires individual productivity, builds self-esteem, stimulates human happiness, and heals the dignity of the soul. These benefits particularly enable people with EB to cope and rise to a position where they can succeed independently, help others to do the same, and contribute to society.

Last Updated: 7 Nov 2013

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werathah

To provide support and health education to patients and their families with genetic and congenital disorders

Last Updated: 1 May 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Epidermolysis bullosa" for support, advocacy or research.

Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bullosa Research Association

The Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bullosa Research Association (debra) is the only national not-for-profit dedicated to supporting research to find a cure and treatments for eb, while also providing programs and services to those who suffer from this rare and debilitating genetic disease.

http://www.debra.org

Last Updated: 16 Oct 2012

View Details
Pioneering Unique Cures for Kids

Our Vision: Pioneering Unique Cures for Kids envisions a day when there are various treatment options for kids with rare diseases, and no child has to die from these diseases again. Our Mission: By funding and advocating for cutting edge research, Pioneering Unique Cures for Kids helps transform rare, incurable childhood diseases into curable ones, one disease at a time.

http://www.puckfund.org

Last Updated: 11 Feb 2013

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United Survivors with EB

USeb, a nonprofit corporation organized & run primarily by people with EB. Our mission is to provide services that will assist people with EB in becoming more self-reliant through social, cultural, recreational, rehabilitative, educational, & occupational opportunities. We value self-reliance because it inspires individual productivity, builds self-esteem, stimulates human happiness, and heals the dignity of the soul. These benefits particularly enable people with EB to cope and rise to a position where they can succeed independently, help others to do the same, and contribute to society.

http://www.ebsurvivors.org

Last Updated: 7 Nov 2013

View Details
werathah

To provide support and health education to patients and their families with genetic and congenital disorders

http://www.werathah.com

Last Updated: 1 May 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Epidermolysis bullosa" returned 613 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

A "late-but-fitter revertant cell" explains the high frequency of revertant mosaicism in epidermolysis bullosa.
 

Author(s): Peter C van den Akker, Anna M G Pasmooij, Hans Joenje, Robert M W Hofstra, Gerard J Te Meerman, Marcel F Jonkman

Journal:

 

Revertant mosaicism, or "natural gene therapy", is the phenomenon in which germline mutations are corrected by somatic events. In recent years, revertant mosaicism has been identified in all major types of epidermolysis bullosa, the group of heritable blistering disorders caused by ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Pretibial dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa.
 

Author(s): Elisabeth de Albuquerque Cavalcanti Callegaro, Flavio Nappi, Rosana Lazzarini, Rute Facchini Lellis

Journal: An Bras Dermatol. 2017 ;92(5 Suppl 1):126-128.

 

Epidermolysis bullosa is a group of mechano-bullous genetic disorders caused by mutations in the genes encoding structural proteins of the skin. Dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa is caused by mutations in the COL7A1 gene encoding collagen VII, the main constituent of anchoring fibrils. ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Acute renal failure in a patient with epidermolysis bullosa acquisita.
 

Author(s): Guowei Zhao, Qing Yang, Furen Zhang

Journal: An Bras Dermatol. 2017 ;92(5 Suppl 1):14-16.

 

Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita is a severe autoimmune subepidermal bullous disease. In this report, we described for the first time a patient with epidermolysis bullosa acquisita who developed acute renal failure. There is a possibility that epidermolysis bullosa acquisita and acute ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Epidermolysis bullosa" returned 53 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Stem Cell Therapy for Epidermolysis Bullosa-Does It Work?
 

Author(s): Katsuto Tamai, Jouni Uitto

Journal: J. Invest. Dermatol.. 2016 Nov;136(11):2119-2121.

 

Epidermolysis bullosa is a group of heritable skin fragility disorders with considerable morbidity and mortality. It is known to be caused by mutations in as many as 18 distinct genes, but there is no specific or effective treatment. Preclinical developments of gene correction, protein ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Inherited epidermolysis bullosa and squamous cell carcinoma: a systematic review of 117 cases.
 

Author(s): H Montaudié, C Chiaverini, E Sbidian, A Charlesworth, J-P Lacour

Journal:

 

Inherited epidermolysis bullosa (EB) comprises a highly heterogeneous group of rare diseases characterized by exacerbated skin and/or mucosal fragility and blister formation after minor mechanical trauma. Level of cleavage in the skin, clinical features with immunofluorescence antigen ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Cytoskeletal Regulation of Inflammation and Its Impact on Skin Blistering Disease Epidermolysis Bullosa Acquisita.
 

Author(s): Zlatko Kopecki, Ralf J Ludwig, Allison J Cowin

Journal:

 

Actin remodelling proteins regulate cytoskeletal cell responses and are important in both innate and adaptive immunity. These responses play a major role in providing a fine balance in a cascade of biological events that results in either protective acute inflammation or chronic inflammation ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Study to Evaluate the Safety of ALLO-ASC-DFU in the Subjects With Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bullosa
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bullosa

 

Last Updated: 1 Jan 2017

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Injections of Botulinic Toxin in Plantar Lesions of Localized Epidermolysis Bullosa Simplex
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Epidermolysis Bullosa Simplex

 

Last Updated: 26 Feb 2018

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Phase III Efficacy and Safety Study of Oleogel-S10 in Epidermolysis Bullosa
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Epidermolysis Bullosa

 

Last Updated: 25 Apr 2018

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