Endocarditis

Common Name(s)

Endocarditis

Endocarditis is condition affecting the heart lining, heart valves, or blood vessels. Endocarditis can be caused by bacterial or fungal infection (infective endocarditis) or by blood clots that form on the heart valves or lining (non-infective endocarditis or non-bacterial thrombotic endocarditis (NBTE)). In cases of infective endocarditis, the infected area becomes inflamed and immune cells can be seen in the affected area. In cases of non-infective endocarditis, there is no inflammation of the heart lining or valves.

The young and the old are at increased risk of experiencing endocarditis. Those with cancer, diabetes, HIV/AIDS, or a weakened immune system are also at an increased risk. Those with certain blood clotting conditions are at increased risk for NBTE. Symptoms of infective endocarditis can include fever, chills, fatigue, and achiness. Symptoms of both infective and non-infective endocarditis can include coughing, shortness of breath, weight loss, muscle and joint pain, a heart murmur, and small spots of blood under the skin or fingernails. It is important to seek treatment if you experience these symptoms. If untreated, endocarditis can be fatal.

Endocarditis can often be diagnosed using a physical examination, an ultrasound of the heart (echocardiogram), testing of heart rhythm with an EKG, blood cultures to test for bacteria, and an X-ray of the chest. Treatment for infective endocarditis includes antibiotics. Treatment for NBTE usually includes anticoagulants to decrease the likelihood of blood clots and to help break up any existing clots. If you or a loved one has been diagnosed with endocarditis, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Endocarditis" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Endocarditis" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Endocarditis" returned 2798 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Tricuspid valve endocarditis in non-drug abusers: A case series from India.
 

Author(s): Nikhil Raut, Anil Potdar, Satyavan Sharma

Journal: Indian Heart J. ;70(4):476-481.

 

The etiology of tricuspid valve endocarditis (TVE) seems to be different in our country as intravenous (IV) drug abuse is not known to be a major health hazard. The objective of this communication is to study the risk factors, clinical profile, follow-up data of TVE patients and focus ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Molecular detection of Coxiella burnetii in heart valve tissue from patients with culture-negative infective endocarditis.
 

Author(s): Young-Rock Jang, Joon Seon Song, Choong Eun Jin, Byung-Han Ryu, Se Yoon Park, Sang-Oh Lee, Sang-Ho Choi, Yang Soo Kim, Jun Hee Woo, Jae-Kwan Song, Yong Shin, Sung-Han Kim

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Aug;97(34):e11881.

 

Coxiella burnetii is a common cause of blood culture-negative infective endocarditis (IE). Molecular detection of C burnetii DNA in clinical specimens is a promising method of diagnosing Q fever endocarditis. Here, we examined the diagnostic utility of Q fever polymerase chain reaction ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Detection of spleen, kidney and liver infarcts by abdominal computed tomography does not affect the outcome in patients with left-side infective endocarditis.
 

Author(s): José A Parra, Luis Hernández, Patricia Muñoz, Gerardo Blanco, Regino Rodríguez-Álvarez, Daniel Romeu Vilar, Arístides de Alarcón, Miguel Angel Goenaga, Mar Moreno, María Carmen Fariñas,

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Aug;97(33):e11952.

 

Extra-cardiac abdominal complications are common in left-side infective endocarditis (LS-IE). The aim of this work was to study whether patients with LS-IE presenting splenic, renal, or liver (SRL) involvement seen in abdominal computed tomography (CT) had different clinical features, ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Endocarditis" returned 286 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Infective endocarditis:an emergency well too minimized].
 

Author(s): S Marchetta, R Dulgheru, C Oury, F Frippiat, P Lancellotti

Journal: Rev Med Liege. 2018 May;73(5-6):283-289.

 

Infective endocarditis is a rare disease that can lead to some diagnostic wandering because of its often nonspecific and polymorphic clinical manifestations. This latency is at the origin of severe cardiac and extra-cardiac complications, yet highly fatal. The clinician should always ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
The diagnosis of microorganism involved in infective endocarditis (IE) by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and real-time PCR: A systematic review.
 

Author(s): Reza Faraji, Mostafa Behjati-Ardakani, Seyed Mohammad Moshtaghioun, Seyed Mehdi Kalantar, Seyedeh Mahdieh Namayandeh, Mohammadhossien Soltani, Mahmood Emami, Hengameh Zandi, Ali Dehghani Firoozabadi, Mahmood Kazeminasab, Nastaran Ahmadi, Mohammadtaghi Sarebanhassanabadi

Journal: Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci.. 2018 Feb;34(2):71-78.

 

Broad-range bacterial rDNA polymerase chain reaction (PCR) followed by sequencing may be identified as the etiology of infective endocarditis (IE) from surgically removed valve tissue; therefore, we reviewed the value of molecular testing in identifying organisms' DNA in the studies ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Probiotics and infective endocarditis in patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia: a clinical case and a review of the literature.
 

Author(s): Evangelo Boumis, Alessandro Capone, Vincenzo Galati, Carolina Venditti, Nicola Petrosillo

Journal:

 

In the last decades, probiotics have been widely used as food supplements because of their putative beneficial health effects. They are generally considered safe but rare reports of serious infections caused by bacteria included in the definition of probiotics raise concerns on their ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Management of Infectious Endocarditis as Part of a Multidisciplinary Consensus Meeting
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Endocarditis

 

Last Updated: 9 Feb 2018

Go to URL

Last Updated: 13 Mar 2018

Go to URL

Last Updated: 25 Jan 2018

Go to URL