Enchondroma

Common Name(s)

Enchondroma

Enchondroma is a rare type of non-cancerous tumor that develops in cartilage, a type of tissue that is found inside of bones and is involved in bone growth. The most common location where enchondroma develops is in the small bones of the hands and feet. Enchondromas may also grow in the long bones of the thigh and the upper arm. Tumors form when a change (mutation) in DNA causes certain cells to grow out of control, resulting in the formation of a mass or a lump.

Enchondromas are most often found in individuals between the age of 10 and 20, although they can be found in all age groups. The most common symptoms of enchondroma include enlarged fingers, bone fractures, and general bone deformities. A common sign of this condition is the formation of a lump in the hands or feet, which may or may not be painful. Enchondromas may also slow bone growth in the affected area. Diagnosis may involve a physical exam, imaging studies, and other laboratory studies.

Treatment for enchondroma depends on many factors such as how large the tumor is and its location in the body. These tumors may be removed with surgery or may be monitored without immediate treatment. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with enchondroma, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options. Support groups are also available for more resources and information.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Enchondroma" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Enchondroma" returned 15 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Finger enchondroma treated with bone substituents - a case presentation.
 

Author(s): L Raducu, A Anghel, S Vermesan, R D Sinescu

Journal: J Med Life. 2014 Jun;7(2):223-5.

 

About 90% of the hand bone tumors are enchondromas. Treatment of choice is complete curettage and bone grafting, usually with bone autografts. We present a case of finger enchondroma in a 27-year-old female patient who was treated with curettage and synthetic bone grafting. Clinical, ...

Last Updated: 21 Nov 2014

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A rare cartilaginous tumor in the phalangeal bone: enchondroma protuberans.
 

Author(s): Ozan Beytemür, Oktay Adanır, Mehmet Oncü, Umit Seza Tetikkurt

Journal: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc. 2014 ;48(3):379-81.

 

Enchondroma protuberans is a very rare benign cartilage tumor. Unlike intramedullary enchondromas; they originate from medulla and expands exophytically outside the cortex. We presenet a 19-year-old male patient with an enchondroma protuberans treated surgically, with excision and ...

Last Updated: 6 Jun 2014

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Two cases of flexor digitorum profundus avulsion due to enchondroma of the distal phalanx.
 

Author(s): Mitsuhiko Nanno, Takuya Sawaizumi, Shinro Takai

Journal: J Nippon Med Sch. 2012 ;79(1):79-84.

 

Avulsion of the flexor digitorum profundus tendon with fracture of the distal phalanx is rare. Moreover, enchondroma is less frequent in the distal phalanx. We report two unusual cases of avulsion of the flexor digitorum profundus tendon at its insertion in combination with pathological ...

Last Updated: 8 Mar 2012

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Enchondroma" returned 1 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Radiological diagnosis of enchondroma protuberans of the humerus].
 

Author(s): J Calbo Maiques, J E Garramone Ramírez, L Humanes López, M Navarro Navarro

Journal: Radiologia. ;56(3):272-6.

 

Enchondroma protuberans (EP) is an uncommon exophytic cartilaginous tumor described as an intramedullary osseous lesion that protrudes through a cortical defect in one of the sides of the affected bone and expands to the adjacent soft tissues. Due to its peculiar features on imaging ...

Last Updated: 16 May 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

There are currently no open clinical trials for this condition.