Dystonia

Common Name(s)

Dystonia

Dystonia is a condition that causes your muscles to spontaneously contract, or movement without control. Examples include: uncontrolled blinking, repetitive twisting of your head, and voice changes (e.g. whispering or soft voice). Dystonia can be caused by dysfunction in nerve cell communication, or the way your brain communicates with your muscles, as well as other disease such as Parkinson's disorder, Huntington's disease, strokes, brain tumors. Side effects of dystonia include pain, difficulty with jaw movement or functional blindness. Treatment for dystonia can include oral medications, physical therapy,speech therapy, brain stimulation. There are also alternative medicine options such as yoga, meditation, pilates that can be done at home.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dystonia" for support, advocacy or research.

Center for Jewish Genetics

The Center is dedicated to gathering and disseminating knowledge about Jewish genetic disorders and hereditary cancers. Its mission is to educate and serve health care professionals, clergy and the Jewish community.

Last Updated: 26 Dec 2012

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Dystonia Medical Research Foundation

The mission of the DMRF is to advance research for more effective treatments and ultimately a cure for dystonia, to promote awareness and education, and to support the well being of dystonia affected individuals and families.

Last Updated: 29 Oct 2012

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Movement Disorder Society

The Movement Disorder Society (MDS) is an international professional society of clinicians, scientists, and other healthcare professionals, who are interested in Parkinson's disease, related neurodegenerative and neurodevelopmental disorders, hyperkinetic movement disorders, and abnormalities in muscle tone and motor control.

Last Updated: 5 May 2014

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National Spasmodic Dysphonia Association

The mission of the National Spasmodic Dysphonia Association is to advance medical research into the causes of and treatments for spasmodic dysphonia, promote physician and public awareness of the disorder, and provide support to those affected by spasmodic dysphonia.

Last Updated: 9 Nov 2012

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The Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia & Parkinson Foundation

The Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia & Parkinson Foundation was established in 1995 to find better treatments and cures for the movement disorders dystonia and Parkinson's disease and to provide medical and patient information.

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dystonia" for support, advocacy or research.

Center for Jewish Genetics

The Center is dedicated to gathering and disseminating knowledge about Jewish genetic disorders and hereditary cancers. Its mission is to educate and serve health care professionals, clergy and the Jewish community.

http://www.jewishgenetics.org

Last Updated: 26 Dec 2012

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Dystonia Medical Research Foundation

The mission of the DMRF is to advance research for more effective treatments and ultimately a cure for dystonia, to promote awareness and education, and to support the well being of dystonia affected individuals and families.

http://www.dystonia-foundation.org

Last Updated: 29 Oct 2012

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Movement Disorder Society

The Movement Disorder Society (MDS) is an international professional society of clinicians, scientists, and other healthcare professionals, who are interested in Parkinson's disease, related neurodegenerative and neurodevelopmental disorders, hyperkinetic movement disorders, and abnormalities in muscle tone and motor control.

http://www.movementdisorders.org/MDS.htm

Last Updated: 5 May 2014

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National Spasmodic Dysphonia Association

The mission of the National Spasmodic Dysphonia Association is to advance medical research into the causes of and treatments for spasmodic dysphonia, promote physician and public awareness of the disorder, and provide support to those affected by spasmodic dysphonia.

http://www.dysphonia.org/

Last Updated: 9 Nov 2012

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The Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia & Parkinson Foundation

The Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia & Parkinson Foundation was established in 1995 to find better treatments and cures for the movement disorders dystonia and Parkinson's disease and to provide medical and patient information.

https://www.dystonia-parkinson.org

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Dystonia" returned 730 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Long-Term Clinical Outcome of Internal Globus Pallidus Deep Brain Stimulation for Dystonia.
 

Author(s): Hye Ran Park, Jae Meen Lee, Gwanhee Ehm, Hui-Jun Yang, In Ho Song, Yong Hoon Lim, Mi-Ryoung Kim, Keyoung Ran Kim, Woong-Woo Lee, Young Eun Kim, Jae Ha Hwang, Chae Won Shin, Hyeyoung Park, Jin Wook Kim, Han-Joon Kim, Cheolyoung Kim, Dong Gyu Kim, Beom Seok Jeon, Sun Ha Paek

Journal:

 

GPi (Internal globus pallidus) DBS (deep brain stimulation) is recognized as a safe, reliable, reversible and adjustable treatment in patients with medically refractory dystonia.

Last Updated: 9 Jan 2016

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Pearls & Oy-sters: Spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 presenting with cervical dystonia without ataxia.
 

Author(s): Jihad A Muglan, Suresh Menon, Mandar S Jog

Journal: Neurology. 2016 Jan;86(1):e1-3.

 

Last Updated: 29 Dec 2015

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Exploring factors related to physical activity in cervical dystonia.
 

Author(s): Lena Zetterberg, Charlotte Urell, Elisabeth Anens

Journal:

 

People with disabilities have reported worse health status than people without disabilities and receiving fewer preventive health services such as counseling around exercise habits. This is noteworthy considering the negative consequences associated with physical inactivity. No research ...

Last Updated: 1 Dec 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Dystonia" returned 102 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Pain Relief in Cervical Dystonia with Botulinum Toxin Treatment.
 

Author(s): Carlos Henrique Ferreira Camargo, Lígia Cattai, Hélio Afonso Ghizoni Teive

Journal:

 

Dystonia is a neurological disorder characterized by intermittent or sustained muscle contractions that cause abnormal, usually repetitive, movements and postures. Dystonic movements can be tremulous and twisting and often follow a pattern. They are frequently associated with overflow ...

Last Updated: 26 Jun 2015

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Brain Stimulation for Torsion Dystonia.
 

Author(s): Michael D Fox, Ron L Alterman

Journal: JAMA Neurol. 2015 Jun;72(6):713-9.

 

Dystonia is a heterogeneous neurologic disorder characterized by abnormal muscle contractions for which standard medical therapy is often inadequate. For such patients, therapeutic brain stimulation is becoming increasingly used.

Last Updated: 9 Jun 2015

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Current and emerging strategies for treatment of childhood dystonia.
 

Author(s): Matteo Bertucco, Terence D Sanger

Journal: J Hand Ther. ;28(2):185-93; quiz 194.

 

Childhood dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by involuntary sustained or intermittent muscle contractions causing twisting and repetitive movements, abnormal postures, or both (Sanger et al, 2003). Dystonia is a devastating neurological condition that prevents the acquisition ...

Last Updated: 7 May 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Comparison of Electrophysiologic and Ultrasound Guidance for Onabotulinum Toxin A Injections in Focal Upper Extremity Dystonia and Spasticity
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dystonia; Focal Dystonia; Musician's Dystonia; Muscle Spasticity

 

Last Updated: 23 Jul 2016

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Somatosensory Processing in Focal Hand Dystonia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Focal Hand Dystonia; Musician's Dystonia; Writer's Cramp; Dystonic Cramp

 

Last Updated: 19 Dec 2007

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Cholinergic Receptor Imaging in Dystonia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Cervical Dystonia; Dystonia; Movement Disorder; Focal Dystonia

 

Last Updated: 11 May 2016

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