Dystonia

Common Name(s)

Dystonia

Dystonia is a condition that causes your muscles to spontaneously contract, or movement without control. Examples include: uncontrolled blinking, repetitive twisting of your head, and voice changes (e.g. whispering or soft voice). Dystonia can be caused by dysfunction in nerve cell communication, or the way your brain communicates with your muscles, as well as other disease such as Parkinson's disorder, Huntington's disease, strokes, brain tumors. Side effects of dystonia include pain, difficulty with jaw movement or functional blindness. Treatment for dystonia can include oral medications, physical therapy,speech therapy, brain stimulation. There are also alternative medicine options such as yoga, meditation, pilates that can be done at home.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dystonia" for support, advocacy or research.

Center for Jewish Genetics

The Center is dedicated to gathering and disseminating knowledge about Jewish genetic disorders and hereditary cancers. Its mission is to educate and serve health care professionals, clergy and the Jewish community.

Last Updated: 26 Dec 2012

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Dystonia Medical Research Foundation

The mission of the DMRF is to advance research for more effective treatments and ultimately a cure for dystonia, to promote awareness and education, and to support the well being of dystonia affected individuals and families.

Last Updated: 29 Oct 2012

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Movement Disorder Society

The Movement Disorder Society (MDS) is an international professional society of clinicians, scientists, and other healthcare professionals, who are interested in Parkinson's disease, related neurodegenerative and neurodevelopmental disorders, hyperkinetic movement disorders, and abnormalities in muscle tone and motor control.

Last Updated: 5 May 2014

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National Spasmodic Dysphonia Association

The mission of the National Spasmodic Dysphonia Association is to advance medical research into the causes of and treatments for spasmodic dysphonia, promote physician and public awareness of the disorder, and provide support to those affected by spasmodic dysphonia.

Last Updated: 9 Nov 2012

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The Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia & Parkinson Foundation

The Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia & Parkinson Foundation was established in 1995 to find better treatments and cures for the movement disorders dystonia and Parkinson's disease and to provide medical and patient information.

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dystonia" for support, advocacy or research.

Center for Jewish Genetics

The Center is dedicated to gathering and disseminating knowledge about Jewish genetic disorders and hereditary cancers. Its mission is to educate and serve health care professionals, clergy and the Jewish community.

http://www.jewishgenetics.org

Last Updated: 26 Dec 2012

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Dystonia Medical Research Foundation

The mission of the DMRF is to advance research for more effective treatments and ultimately a cure for dystonia, to promote awareness and education, and to support the well being of dystonia affected individuals and families.

http://www.dystonia-foundation.org

Last Updated: 29 Oct 2012

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Movement Disorder Society

The Movement Disorder Society (MDS) is an international professional society of clinicians, scientists, and other healthcare professionals, who are interested in Parkinson's disease, related neurodegenerative and neurodevelopmental disorders, hyperkinetic movement disorders, and abnormalities in muscle tone and motor control.

http://www.movementdisorders.org/MDS.htm

Last Updated: 5 May 2014

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National Spasmodic Dysphonia Association

The mission of the National Spasmodic Dysphonia Association is to advance medical research into the causes of and treatments for spasmodic dysphonia, promote physician and public awareness of the disorder, and provide support to those affected by spasmodic dysphonia.

http://www.dysphonia.org/

Last Updated: 9 Nov 2012

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The Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia & Parkinson Foundation

The Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia & Parkinson Foundation was established in 1995 to find better treatments and cures for the movement disorders dystonia and Parkinson's disease and to provide medical and patient information.

https://www.dystonia-parkinson.org

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Dystonia" returned 692 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Combined focal myoclonus and dystonia secondary to a cerebellar hemorrhage: a case report.
 

Author(s): Guangxun Shen, Guangxian Nan, Chae-Won Shin, Hyeyoung Park, Kwee-Yum Lee, Beomseok Jeon

Journal:

 

Myoclonus is a clinical sign characterized by sudden, brief jerky, shock-like involuntary movements of a muscle or group of muscles. Dystonia is defined as a syndrome of sustained muscle contractions, frequently causing twisting and repetitive movements or abnormal postures. Cases ...

Last Updated: 18 Nov 2016

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A case of rapid-onset dystonia-parkinsonism accompanied by pyramidal tract impairment.
 

Author(s): Yanqiu Liu, Yan Lu, Xinqing Zhang, Shuping Xie, Tingting Wang, Tianwen Wu, Chaoyan Wang

Journal:

 

Rapid-onset dystonia-parkinsonism (RDP) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder that is caused by mutations in the ATP1A3 gene and is characterized by an acute onset of asymmetric dystonia and parkinsonism. To date, fewer than 75 RDP cases have been reported worldwide. Clinical signs ...

Last Updated: 12 Nov 2016

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A subtle mimicker in emergency department: Illustrated case reports of acute drug-induced dystonia.
 

Author(s): Maria Vittoria De Angelis, Roberta Di Giacomo, Antonio Di Muzio, Marco Onofrj, Laura Bonanni

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Oct;95(41):e5137.

 

Movement disorder emergencies include any movement disorder which develops over hours to days, in which failure to appropriately diagnose and manage can result in patient morbidity or mortality.Movement disorder emergencies include acute dystonia: sustained or intermittent muscle ...

Last Updated: 14 Oct 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Dystonia" returned 101 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Behavioural interventions for people living with adult-onset primary dystonia: a systematic review.
 

Author(s): C J Bernstein, D R Ellard, G Davies, E Hertenstein, N K Y Tang, M Underwood, H Sandhu

Journal:

 

Primary dystonia is a chronic neurological movement disorder that causes abnormal muscle movements. Pain and emotional distress may accompany these physical symptoms. Behavioural interventions are used to help people with long term conditions improve their quality of life. Little ...

Last Updated: 22 Mar 2016

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Task-Specific Dystonia in Professional Musicians. A Systematic Review of the Importance of Intensive Playing as a Risk Factor.
 

Author(s): Verena Eveline Rozanski, Eva Rehfuess, Kai Bötzel, Dennis Nowak

Journal: Dtsch Arztebl Int. 2015 Dec;112(51-52):871-7.

 

Focal dystonia in professional musicians is a movement disorder that manifests itself during playing. It is a multifactorial condition in which a genetic predisposition and exogenous factors both play a role. Evidence suggests that intensive playing is a risk factor for the development ...

Last Updated: 22 Feb 2016

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Cannabis in the Treatment of Dystonia, Dyskinesias, and Tics.
 

Author(s): Barbara S Koppel

Journal: Neurotherapeutics. 2015 Oct;12(4):788-92.

 

Cannabis has been used for many medicinal purposes, including management of spasms, dystonia, and dyskinesias, with variable success. Its use for tetanus was described in the second century BCE, but the literature continues to include more case reports and surveys of its beneficial ...

Last Updated: 14 Oct 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 14 Sep 2016

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Effect of Increasing Motor Cortex Inhibition on Task Specific Dystonia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dystonia

 

Last Updated: 30 Jan 2017

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Transcranial Direct-Current Stimulation in Childhood Dystonia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Childhood Onset Dystonias

 

Last Updated: 20 May 2014

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