Dystonia

Common Name(s)

Dystonia

Dystonia is a condition that causes your muscles to spontaneously contract, or movement without control. Examples include: uncontrolled blinking, repetitive twisting of your head, and voice changes (e.g. whispering or soft voice). Dystonia can be caused by dysfunction in nerve cell communication, or the way your brain communicates with your muscles, as well as other disease such as Parkinson's disorder, Huntington's disease, strokes, brain tumors. Side effects of dystonia include pain, difficulty with jaw movement or functional blindness. Treatment for dystonia can include oral medications, physical therapy,speech therapy, brain stimulation. There are also alternative medicine options such as yoga, meditation, pilates that can be done at home.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dystonia" for support, advocacy or research.

Center for Jewish Genetics

The Center is dedicated to gathering and disseminating knowledge about Jewish genetic disorders and hereditary cancers. Its mission is to educate and serve health care professionals, clergy and the Jewish community.

Last Updated: 26 Dec 2012

View Details
Logo
Dystonia Medical Research Foundation

The mission of the DMRF is to advance research for more effective treatments and ultimately a cure for dystonia, to promote awareness and education, and to support the well being of dystonia affected individuals and families.

Last Updated: 29 Oct 2012

View Details
Movement Disorder Society

The Movement Disorder Society (MDS) is an international professional society of clinicians, scientists, and other healthcare professionals, who are interested in Parkinson's disease, related neurodegenerative and neurodevelopmental disorders, hyperkinetic movement disorders, and abnormalities in muscle tone and motor control.

Last Updated: 5 May 2014

View Details
National Spasmodic Dysphonia Association

The mission of the National Spasmodic Dysphonia Association is to advance medical research into the causes of and treatments for spasmodic dysphonia, promote physician and public awareness of the disorder, and provide support to those affected by spasmodic dysphonia.

Last Updated: 9 Nov 2012

View Details
The Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia & Parkinson Foundation

The Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia & Parkinson Foundation was established in 1995 to find better treatments and cures for the movement disorders dystonia and Parkinson's disease and to provide medical and patient information.

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dystonia" for support, advocacy or research.

Center for Jewish Genetics

The Center is dedicated to gathering and disseminating knowledge about Jewish genetic disorders and hereditary cancers. Its mission is to educate and serve health care professionals, clergy and the Jewish community.

http://www.jewishgenetics.org

Last Updated: 26 Dec 2012

View Details
Logo
Dystonia Medical Research Foundation

The mission of the DMRF is to advance research for more effective treatments and ultimately a cure for dystonia, to promote awareness and education, and to support the well being of dystonia affected individuals and families.

http://www.dystonia-foundation.org

Last Updated: 29 Oct 2012

View Details
Movement Disorder Society

The Movement Disorder Society (MDS) is an international professional society of clinicians, scientists, and other healthcare professionals, who are interested in Parkinson's disease, related neurodegenerative and neurodevelopmental disorders, hyperkinetic movement disorders, and abnormalities in muscle tone and motor control.

http://www.movementdisorders.org/MDS.htm

Last Updated: 5 May 2014

View Details
National Spasmodic Dysphonia Association

The mission of the National Spasmodic Dysphonia Association is to advance medical research into the causes of and treatments for spasmodic dysphonia, promote physician and public awareness of the disorder, and provide support to those affected by spasmodic dysphonia.

http://www.dysphonia.org/

Last Updated: 9 Nov 2012

View Details
The Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia & Parkinson Foundation

The Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia & Parkinson Foundation was established in 1995 to find better treatments and cures for the movement disorders dystonia and Parkinson's disease and to provide medical and patient information.

https://www.dystonia-parkinson.org

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Dystonia" returned 700 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Last Updated: 27 Jan 2017

Go To URL
Combined focal myoclonus and dystonia secondary to a cerebellar hemorrhage: a case report.
 

Author(s): Guangxun Shen, Guangxian Nan, Chae-Won Shin, Hyeyoung Park, Kwee-Yum Lee, Beomseok Jeon

Journal:

 

Myoclonus is a clinical sign characterized by sudden, brief jerky, shock-like involuntary movements of a muscle or group of muscles. Dystonia is defined as a syndrome of sustained muscle contractions, frequently causing twisting and repetitive movements or abnormal postures. Cases ...

Last Updated: 18 Nov 2016

Go To URL
Dystonia, myoclonus, and encephalopathy in a single patient: A rare association of moyamoya.
 

Author(s): Ujjawal Roy, Urmila Das, Ajay Panwar, Prabhat Kumar Lal

Journal: Ann Afr Med. ;15(4):200-203.

 

Moyamoya disease (MMD) is a rare neurovascular disorder which pathologically, is a chronic cerebrovasculopathy. It is characterized by stenosis of the internal carotid artery (ICA) and the main branches within the circle of Willis with consecutive development of collateral vessels. ...

Last Updated: 17 Nov 2016

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Dystonia" returned 102 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Behavioural interventions for people living with adult-onset primary dystonia: a systematic review.
 

Author(s): C J Bernstein, D R Ellard, G Davies, E Hertenstein, N K Y Tang, M Underwood, H Sandhu

Journal:

 

Primary dystonia is a chronic neurological movement disorder that causes abnormal muscle movements. Pain and emotional distress may accompany these physical symptoms. Behavioural interventions are used to help people with long term conditions improve their quality of life. Little ...

Last Updated: 22 Mar 2016

Go To URL
Task-Specific Dystonia in Professional Musicians. A Systematic Review of the Importance of Intensive Playing as a Risk Factor.
 

Author(s): Verena Eveline Rozanski, Eva Rehfuess, Kai Bötzel, Dennis Nowak

Journal: Dtsch Arztebl Int. 2015 Dec;112(51-52):871-7.

 

Focal dystonia in professional musicians is a movement disorder that manifests itself during playing. It is a multifactorial condition in which a genetic predisposition and exogenous factors both play a role. Evidence suggests that intensive playing is a risk factor for the development ...

Last Updated: 22 Feb 2016

Go To URL
[Torsin 1A and the pathomechanism of torsion dystonia type 1].
 

Author(s): Marta Jurek, Michał Milewski

Journal: Postepy Biochem.. 2015 ;61(1):35-41.

 

Torsin 1A is a protein mutated in torsion dystonia type 1, a hereditary neurological disorder of early onset and variable clinical picture. The basic cellular function of torsin 1A, a polypeptide localized predominantly in the endoplasmic reticulum and nuclear envelope, remains unknown, ...

Last Updated: 17 Aug 2015

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 14 Sep 2016

Go to URL
Effect of Increasing Motor Cortex Inhibition on Task Specific Dystonia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dystonia

 

Last Updated: 30 Jan 2017

Go to URL
Transcranial Direct-Current Stimulation in Childhood Dystonia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Childhood Onset Dystonias

 

Last Updated: 20 May 2014

Go to URL