Dystonia

Common Name(s)

Dystonia

Dystonia is a condition that causes your muscles to spontaneously contract, or movement without control. Examples include: uncontrolled blinking, repetitive twisting of your head, and voice changes (e.g. whispering or soft voice). Dystonia can be caused by dysfunction in nerve cell communication, or the way your brain communicates with your muscles, as well as other disease such as Parkinson's disorder, Huntington's disease, strokes, brain tumors. Side effects of dystonia include pain, difficulty with jaw movement or functional blindness. Treatment for dystonia can include oral medications, physical therapy,speech therapy, brain stimulation. There are also alternative medicine options such as yoga, meditation, pilates that can be done at home.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dystonia" for support, advocacy or research.

Center for Jewish Genetics

The Center is dedicated to gathering and disseminating knowledge about Jewish genetic disorders and hereditary cancers. Its mission is to educate and serve health care professionals, clergy and the Jewish community.

Last Updated: 26 Dec 2012

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Dystonia Medical Research Foundation

The mission of the DMRF is to advance research for more effective treatments and ultimately a cure for dystonia, to promote awareness and education, and to support the well being of dystonia affected individuals and families.

Last Updated: 29 Oct 2012

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Movement Disorder Society

The Movement Disorder Society (MDS) is an international professional society of clinicians, scientists, and other healthcare professionals, who are interested in Parkinson's disease, related neurodegenerative and neurodevelopmental disorders, hyperkinetic movement disorders, and abnormalities in muscle tone and motor control.

Last Updated: 5 May 2014

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National Spasmodic Dysphonia Association

The mission of the National Spasmodic Dysphonia Association is to advance medical research into the causes of and treatments for spasmodic dysphonia, promote physician and public awareness of the disorder, and provide support to those affected by spasmodic dysphonia.

Last Updated: 9 Nov 2012

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The Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia & Parkinson Foundation

The Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia & Parkinson Foundation was established in 1995 to find better treatments and cures for the movement disorders dystonia and Parkinson's disease and to provide medical and patient information.

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dystonia" for support, advocacy or research.

Center for Jewish Genetics

The Center is dedicated to gathering and disseminating knowledge about Jewish genetic disorders and hereditary cancers. Its mission is to educate and serve health care professionals, clergy and the Jewish community.

http://www.jewishgenetics.org

Last Updated: 26 Dec 2012

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Dystonia Medical Research Foundation

The mission of the DMRF is to advance research for more effective treatments and ultimately a cure for dystonia, to promote awareness and education, and to support the well being of dystonia affected individuals and families.

http://www.dystonia-foundation.org

Last Updated: 29 Oct 2012

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Movement Disorder Society

The Movement Disorder Society (MDS) is an international professional society of clinicians, scientists, and other healthcare professionals, who are interested in Parkinson's disease, related neurodegenerative and neurodevelopmental disorders, hyperkinetic movement disorders, and abnormalities in muscle tone and motor control.

http://www.movementdisorders.org/MDS.htm

Last Updated: 5 May 2014

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National Spasmodic Dysphonia Association

The mission of the National Spasmodic Dysphonia Association is to advance medical research into the causes of and treatments for spasmodic dysphonia, promote physician and public awareness of the disorder, and provide support to those affected by spasmodic dysphonia.

http://www.dysphonia.org/

Last Updated: 9 Nov 2012

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The Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia & Parkinson Foundation

The Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia & Parkinson Foundation was established in 1995 to find better treatments and cures for the movement disorders dystonia and Parkinson's disease and to provide medical and patient information.

https://www.dystonia-parkinson.org

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Dystonia" returned 740 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Cost-Effectiveness of Incobotulinumtoxin-A with Flexible Treatment Intervals Compared to Onabotulinumtoxin-A in the Management of Blepharospasm and Cervical Dystonia.
 

Author(s): Dominic Tilden, Carmel Guarnieri

Journal: Value Health. ;19(2):145-52.

 

Incobotulinumtoxin-A (Xeomin(®), Merz Pharmaceuticals, Sydney, New South Wales) is a formulation of botulinum neurotoxin type A that is free of complexing proteins.

Last Updated: 29 Mar 2016

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Long-Term Clinical Outcome of Internal Globus Pallidus Deep Brain Stimulation for Dystonia.
 

Author(s): Hye Ran Park, Jae Meen Lee, Gwanhee Ehm, Hui-Jun Yang, In Ho Song, Yong Hoon Lim, Mi-Ryoung Kim, Keyoung Ran Kim, Woong-Woo Lee, Young Eun Kim, Jae Ha Hwang, Chae Won Shin, Hyeyoung Park, Jin Wook Kim, Han-Joon Kim, Cheolyoung Kim, Dong Gyu Kim, Beom Seok Jeon, Sun Ha Paek

Journal:

 

GPi (Internal globus pallidus) DBS (deep brain stimulation) is recognized as a safe, reliable, reversible and adjustable treatment in patients with medically refractory dystonia.

Last Updated: 9 Jan 2016

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Pearls & Oy-sters: Spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 presenting with cervical dystonia without ataxia.
 

Author(s): Jihad A Muglan, Suresh Menon, Mandar S Jog

Journal: Neurology. 2016 Jan;86(1):e1-3.

 

Last Updated: 29 Dec 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Dystonia" returned 103 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Behavioural interventions for people living with adult-onset primary dystonia: a systematic review.
 

Author(s): C J Bernstein, D R Ellard, G Davies, E Hertenstein, N K Y Tang, M Underwood, H Sandhu

Journal:

 

Primary dystonia is a chronic neurological movement disorder that causes abnormal muscle movements. Pain and emotional distress may accompany these physical symptoms. Behavioural interventions are used to help people with long term conditions improve their quality of life. Little ...

Last Updated: 22 Mar 2016

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Recent developments in dystonia.
 

Author(s): Hyder A Jinnah, Jan K Teller, Wendy R Galpern

Journal: Curr. Opin. Neurol.. 2015 Aug;28(4):400-5.

 

The dystonias are a family of related disorders with many different clinical manifestations and causes. This review summarizes recent developments regarding these disorders, focusing mainly on advances with direct clinical relevance from the past 2 years.

Last Updated: 3 Jul 2015

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Pain Relief in Cervical Dystonia with Botulinum Toxin Treatment.
 

Author(s): Carlos Henrique Ferreira Camargo, Lígia Cattai, Hélio Afonso Ghizoni Teive

Journal:

 

Dystonia is a neurological disorder characterized by intermittent or sustained muscle contractions that cause abnormal, usually repetitive, movements and postures. Dystonic movements can be tremulous and twisting and often follow a pattern. They are frequently associated with overflow ...

Last Updated: 26 Jun 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Comparison of Electrophysiologic and Ultrasound Guidance for Onabotulinum Toxin A Injections in Focal Upper Extremity Dystonia and Spasticity
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dystonia; Focal Dystonia; Musician's Dystonia; Muscle Spasticity

 

Last Updated: 31 Aug 2016

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Deep Brain Stimulation Surgery for Focal Hand Dystonia
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Dystonia; Focal Dystonia; Musician's Dystonia

 

Last Updated: 21 Sep 2016

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Somatosensory Processing in Focal Hand Dystonia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Focal Hand Dystonia; Musician's Dystonia; Writer's Cramp; Dystonic Cramp

 

Last Updated: 19 Dec 2007

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