Dysphagia

Common Name(s)

Dysphagia

Dysphagia refers to difficulty swallowing, such as due to pain or increased effort. Dysphagia is classified based on whether there is a muscular, nerve, or structural problem. These could be due to trauma, neuromuscular disorders, hardening or tightening of skin and connective tissue, or swelling of nearby structures. Other structural problems include obstruction of the throat or esophagus. Functional dysphagia occurs when patients have trouble swallowing with no clear cause.

About 15 million Americans are affected by dysphagia, with about 1 million new diagnoses each year. About half of all Americans over the age of 60 will experience dysphagia. In addition to the causes described above, health conditions such as stroke, degenerative neurological diseases such as Parkinson’s Disease or ALS, and cancer of the head and neck can all cause dysphagia.

Not all affected individuals will recognize that they have dysphagia. Dysphagia is important to diagnose because it increases the risk of pneumonia due to the introduction of food, saliva, and nasal secretions to the airway. Additionally, dysphagia may lead to dehydration, malnutrition, and kidney failure. Symptoms of dysphagia include an inability to control food or saliva in the mouth, coughing, choking, difficulty starting to swallow, recurrent pneumonia, weight loss, wet voice after swallowing, and nasal regurgitation. In severe cases, individuals may be unable to swallow solid food and there may be pain when trying to swallow.

Treatments for dysphagia include surgery, medication, and feeding tubes. In addition, lifestyle changes such as regular exercise and diet modification may be suggested. If you are suffering from dysphagia, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dysphagia" for support, advocacy or research.

Association of Gastrointestinal Motility Disorders, Inc. (AGMD)

AGMD is a nonprofit international organization which serves as an integral educational resource concerning digestive motility diseases and disorders. It also functions as an important information base for members of the medical and scientific communities. In addition, it provides a forum for patients suffering from digestive motility diseases and disorders as well as their families and members of the medical community.

Last Updated: 28 Feb 2015

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dysphagia" for support, advocacy or research.

Association of Gastrointestinal Motility Disorders, Inc. (AGMD)

AGMD is a nonprofit international organization which serves as an integral educational resource concerning digestive motility diseases and disorders. It also functions as an important information base for members of the medical and scientific communities. In addition, it provides a forum for patients suffering from digestive motility diseases and disorders as well as their families and members of the medical community.

http://www.agmd-gimotility.org

Last Updated: 28 Feb 2015

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Dysphagia" returned 657 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Risk factors for dysphagia after anterior cervical spine surgery: A meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Feng-Yu Liu, Da-Long Yang, Wen-Zheng Huang, Li-Shuang Huo, Lei Ma, Hui Wang, Si-Dong Yang, Wen-Yuan Ding

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Mar;96(10):e6267.

 

Dysphagia is a well-known complication following anterior cervical spine surgery. Although risk factors for dysphagia have been reported in the literature, they still remain controversial. This study aims to investigate the risk factors associated with dysphagia following anterior ...

Last Updated: 8 Mar 2017

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Comprehensive swallowing exercises to treat complicated dysphagia caused by esophageal replacement with colon: A case report.
 

Author(s): Li Jiang, Yujue Wang, Na Li, Weihong Qiu, Huixiang Wu, Jianshan Huo, Meng Dai, Yong Yu, Guifang Wan, Zulin Dou, Weiping Guo

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Feb;96(6):e5707.

 

Surgical procedures for colonic replacement of the esophagus are most commonly associated with anastomotic stricture which cause dysphagia. In this report, we describe a rare case of a patient who demonstrated dysphagia resulting from an anastomotic stricture following esophageal ...

Last Updated: 8 Feb 2017

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Effect of bihemispheric anodal transcranial direct current stimulation for dysphagia in chronic stroke patients: A randomized clinical trial.
 

Author(s): Young Hyun Ahn, Hyun-Joo Sohn, Jin-Sung Park, Tae Gyu Ahn, Yong Beom Shin, Minsu Park, Sung-Hwa Ko, Yong-Il Shin

Journal: J Rehabil Med. 2017 Jan;49(1):30-35.

 

To investigate whether bihemispheric anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) with conventional dysphagia therapy could improve swallowing function in chronic stroke patients with dysphagia.

Last Updated: 1 Dec 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Dysphagia" returned 71 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

European Society for Swallowing Disorders - European Union Geriatric Medicine Society white paper: oropharyngeal dysphagia as a geriatric syndrome.
 

Author(s): Laura Wj Baijens, Pere Clavé, Patrick Cras, Olle Ekberg, Alexandre Forster, Gerald F Kolb, Jean-Claude Leners, Stefano Masiero, Jesús Mateos-Nozal, Omar Ortega, David G Smithard, Renée Speyer, Margaret Walshe

Journal:

 

This position document has been developed by the Dysphagia Working Group, a committee of members from the European Society for Swallowing Disorders and the European Union Geriatric Medicine Society, and invited experts. It consists of 12 sections that cover all aspects of clinical ...

Last Updated: 27 Oct 2016

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Dysphagia, Speech, Voice, and Trismus following Radiotherapy and/or Chemotherapy in Patients with Head and Neck Carcinoma: Review of the Literature.
 

Author(s): B J Heijnen, R Speyer, B Kertscher, R Cordier, K W J Koetsenruijter, K Swan, H Bogaardt

Journal: Biomed Res Int. 2016 ;2016():6086894.

 

Introduction. Patients with head and neck cancer suffer from various impairments due to the primary illness, as well as secondary consequences of the oncological treatment. This systematic review describes the effects of radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy on the functions of the upper ...

Last Updated: 10 Oct 2016

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Oropharyngeal dysphagia and related factors in post-cardiac surgery: a systematic review.
 

Author(s): Roberta Weber Werle, Eduardo Matias Dos Santos Steidl, Renata Mancopes

Journal: Codas. ;28(5):646-652.

 

To identify the main factors associated with oropharyngeal dysphagia following cardiac surgery through a systematic review of the literature.

Last Updated: 29 Sep 2016

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Anesthetic to Reduce Dysphagia After Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion Surgery
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dysphagia

 

Last Updated: 29 Aug 2016

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Design and Implementation of a Nutritional Intervention in Patients With Oropharyngeal Dysphagia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Oropharyngeal Dysphagia

 

Last Updated: 8 Nov 2016

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TTE and Dysphagia in Anterior Cervical Surgery
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dysphagia

 

Last Updated: 8 Oct 2016

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