Dysphagia

Common Name(s)

Dysphagia

Dysphagia refers to difficulty swallowing, such as due to pain or increased effort. Dysphagia is classified based on whether there is a muscular, nerve, or structural problem. These could be due to trauma, neuromuscular disorders, hardening or tightening of skin and connective tissue, or swelling of nearby structures. Other structural problems include obstruction of the throat or esophagus. Functional dysphagia occurs when patients have trouble swallowing with no clear cause.

About 15 million Americans are affected by dysphagia, with about 1 million new diagnoses each year. About half of all Americans over the age of 60 will experience dysphagia. In addition to the causes described above, health conditions such as stroke, degenerative neurological diseases such as Parkinson’s Disease or ALS, and cancer of the head and neck can all cause dysphagia.

Not all affected individuals will recognize that they have dysphagia. Dysphagia is important to diagnose because it increases the risk of pneumonia due to the introduction of food, saliva, and nasal secretions to the airway. Additionally, dysphagia may lead to dehydration, malnutrition, and kidney failure. Symptoms of dysphagia include an inability to control food or saliva in the mouth, coughing, choking, difficulty starting to swallow, recurrent pneumonia, weight loss, wet voice after swallowing, and nasal regurgitation. In severe cases, individuals may be unable to swallow solid food and there may be pain when trying to swallow.

Treatments for dysphagia include surgery, medication, and feeding tubes. In addition, lifestyle changes such as regular exercise and diet modification may be suggested. If you are suffering from dysphagia, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dysphagia" for support, advocacy or research.

Association of Gastrointestinal Motility Disorders, Inc. (AGMD)

AGMD is a nonprofit international organization which serves as an integral educational resource concerning digestive motility diseases and disorders. It also functions as an important information base for members of the medical and scientific communities. In addition, it provides a forum for patients suffering from digestive motility diseases and disorders as well as their families and members of the medical community.

Last Updated: 28 Feb 2015

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dysphagia" for support, advocacy or research.

Association of Gastrointestinal Motility Disorders, Inc. (AGMD)

AGMD is a nonprofit international organization which serves as an integral educational resource concerning digestive motility diseases and disorders. It also functions as an important information base for members of the medical and scientific communities. In addition, it provides a forum for patients suffering from digestive motility diseases and disorders as well as their families and members of the medical community.

http://www.agmd-gimotility.org

Last Updated: 28 Feb 2015

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Dysphagia" returned 660 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

IMAGES IN CLINICAL MEDICINE. Dysphagia Lusoria.
 

Author(s): Bartosz Hudzik, Mariusz Gąsior

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2016 Jul;375(4):e4.

 

Last Updated: 28 Jul 2016

Go To URL
Orosensory contributions to dysphagia: a link between perception of sweet and sour taste and pharyngeal delay time.
 

Author(s): Barbara R Pauloski, Sazzad M Nasir

Journal: Physiol Rep. 2016 Jun;4(11):.

 

Pharyngeal delay is a significant swallowing disorder often resulting in aspiration. It is suspected that pharyngeal delay originates from sensory impairment, but a direct demonstration of a link between oral sensation and pharyngeal delay is lacking. In this study involving six patients ...

Last Updated: 15 Jun 2016

Go To URL
Frequency and factors associated with dysphagia in stroke.
 

Author(s): Aline Mansueto Mourão, Stela Maris Aguiar Lemos, Erica Oliveira Almeida, Laélia Cristina Caseiro Vicente, Antonio Lúcio Teixeira

Journal: Codas. ;28(1):66-70.

 

To investigate the frequency of dysphagia in acute stroke and the possible associated clinical and sociodemographic features.

Last Updated: 14 Apr 2016

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Dysphagia" returned 63 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Oropharyngeal dysphagia in older persons - from pathophysiology to adequate intervention: a review and summary of an international expert meeting.
 

Author(s): Rainer Wirth, Rainer Dziewas, Anne Marie Beck, Pere Clavé, Shaheen Hamdy, Hans Juergen Heppner, Susan Langmore, Andreas Herbert Leischker, Rosemary Martino, Petra Pluschinski, Alexander Rösler, Reza Shaker, Tobias Warnecke, Cornel Christian Sieber, Dorothee Volkert

Journal:

 

Oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD) is a highly prevalent and growing condition in the older population. Although OD may cause very severe complications, it is often not detected, explored, and treated. Older patients are frequently unaware of their swallowing dysfunction which is one of ...

Last Updated: 11 Mar 2016

Go To URL
Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation: a Novel Approach for Treating Oropharyngeal Dysphagia.
 

Author(s): Emilia Michou, Alicja Raginis-Zborowska, Masahiro Watanabe, Taha Lodhi, Shaheen Hamdy

Journal: Curr Gastroenterol Rep. 2016 Feb;18(2):10.

 

In recent years, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, a technique used to produce human central neurostimulation, has attracted increased interest and been applied experimentally in the treatment of dysphagia. This review presents a synopsis of the current research for the ...

Last Updated: 22 Feb 2016

Go To URL
Bedside diagnosis of dysphagia: a systematic review.
 

Author(s): John C O'Horo, Nicole Rogus-Pulia, Lisbeth Garcia-Arguello, JoAnne Robbins, Nasia Safdar

Journal: J Hosp Med. 2015 Apr;10(4):256-65.

 

Dysphagia is associated with aspiration, pneumonia, and malnutrition, but remains challenging to identify at the bedside. A variety of exam protocols and maneuvers are commonly used, but the efficacy of these maneuvers is highly variable. We conducted a comprehensive search of 7 databases, ...

Last Updated: 7 Apr 2015

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Anesthetic to Reduce Dysphagia After Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion Surgery
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dysphagia

 

Last Updated: 29 Aug 2016

Go to URL
Design and Implementation of a Nutritional Intervention in Patients With Oropharyngeal Dysphagia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Oropharyngeal Dysphagia

 

Last Updated: 8 Nov 2016

Go to URL
TTE and Dysphagia in Anterior Cervical Surgery
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dysphagia

 

Last Updated: 8 Oct 2016

Go to URL