Dysphagia

Common Name(s)

Dysphagia

Dysphagia refers to difficulty swallowing, such as due to pain or increased effort. Dysphagia is classified based on whether there is a muscular, nerve, or structural problem. These could be due to trauma, neuromuscular disorders, hardening or tightening of skin and connective tissue, or swelling of nearby structures. Other structural problems include obstruction of the throat or esophagus. Functional dysphagia occurs when patients have trouble swallowing with no clear cause.

About 15 million Americans are affected by dysphagia, with about 1 million new diagnoses each year. About half of all Americans over the age of 60 will experience dysphagia. In addition to the causes described above, health conditions such as stroke, degenerative neurological diseases such as Parkinson’s Disease or ALS, and cancer of the head and neck can all cause dysphagia.

Not all affected individuals will recognize that they have dysphagia. Dysphagia is important to diagnose because it increases the risk of pneumonia due to the introduction of food, saliva, and nasal secretions to the airway. Additionally, dysphagia may lead to dehydration, malnutrition, and kidney failure. Symptoms of dysphagia include an inability to control food or saliva in the mouth, coughing, choking, difficulty starting to swallow, recurrent pneumonia, weight loss, wet voice after swallowing, and nasal regurgitation. In severe cases, individuals may be unable to swallow solid food and there may be pain when trying to swallow.

Treatments for dysphagia include surgery, medication, and feeding tubes. In addition, lifestyle changes such as regular exercise and diet modification may be suggested. If you are suffering from dysphagia, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dysphagia" for support, advocacy or research.

Association of Gastrointestinal Motility Disorders, Inc. (AGMD)

AGMD is a nonprofit international organization which serves as an integral educational resource concerning digestive motility diseases and disorders. It also functions as an important information base for members of the medical and scientific communities. In addition, it provides a forum for patients suffering from digestive motility diseases and disorders as well as their families and members of the medical community.

Last Updated: 28 Feb 2015

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dysphagia" for support, advocacy or research.

Association of Gastrointestinal Motility Disorders, Inc. (AGMD)

AGMD is a nonprofit international organization which serves as an integral educational resource concerning digestive motility diseases and disorders. It also functions as an important information base for members of the medical and scientific communities. In addition, it provides a forum for patients suffering from digestive motility diseases and disorders as well as their families and members of the medical community.

http://www.agmd-gimotility.org

Last Updated: 28 Feb 2015

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Dysphagia" returned 659 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Therapeutic efficacy of neuromuscular electrical stimulation and electromyographic biofeedback on Alzheimer's disease patients with dysphagia.
 

Author(s): Yi Tang, Xiang Lin, Xiao-Juan Lin, Wei Zheng, Zhi-Kai Zheng, Zhao-Min Lin, Jian-Hao Chen

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Sep;96(36):e8008.

 

To study the therapeutic effect of neuromuscular electrical stimulation and electromyographic biofeedback (EMG-biofeedback) therapy in improving swallowing function of Alzheimer's disease patients with dysphagia.A series of 103 Alzheimer's disease patients with dysphagia were divided ...

Last Updated: 8 Sep 2017

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Factors predicting dysphagia after anterior cervical surgery: A multicenter retrospective study for 2 years of follow-up.
 

Author(s): Tao Wang, Lei Ma, Da-Long Yang, Hui Wang, Zhi-Long Bai, Li-Jun Zhang, Wen-Yuan Ding

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Aug;96(34):e7916.

 

A multicenter retrospective study.The purpose of this study was to explore risk factors of dysphagia after anterior cervical surgery and factors affecting rehabilitation of dysphagia 2 years after surgery.Patients who underwent anterior cervical surgery at 3 centers from January 2010 ...

Last Updated: 23 Aug 2017

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Comparison between gastrostomy feeding and self-expandable metal stent insertion for patients with esophageal cancer and dysphagia.
 

Author(s): Yang Won Min, Eun Young Jang, Ji Hey Jung, Hyuk Lee, Byung-Hoon Min, Jun Haeng Lee, Poong-Lyul Rhee, Jae J Kim

Journal:

 

Self-expandable metal stent (SEMS) insertion and percutaneous gastrostomy (PG) feeding are commonly used for patients with esophageal cancer and dysphagia. This study aimed to compare outcomes between SEMS insertion and PG feeding for them.

Last Updated: 20 Jun 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Dysphagia" returned 73 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Application of noninvasive brain stimulation for post-stroke dysphagia rehabilitation.
 

Author(s): Zhuo Wang, Wei-Qun Song, Liang Wang

Journal: Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci.. 2017 Feb;33(2):55-61.

 

Noninvasive brain stimulation (NIBS), commonly consisting of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), transcranial direct-current stimulation (tDCS), as well as paired associative stimulation (PAS), has attracted increased interest and been applied experimentally in the treatment ...

Last Updated: 31 Jan 2017

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European Society for Swallowing Disorders - European Union Geriatric Medicine Society white paper: oropharyngeal dysphagia as a geriatric syndrome.
 

Author(s): Laura Wj Baijens, Pere Clavé, Patrick Cras, Olle Ekberg, Alexandre Forster, Gerald F Kolb, Jean-Claude Leners, Stefano Masiero, Jesús Mateos-Nozal, Omar Ortega, David G Smithard, Renée Speyer, Margaret Walshe

Journal:

 

This position document has been developed by the Dysphagia Working Group, a committee of members from the European Society for Swallowing Disorders and the European Union Geriatric Medicine Society, and invited experts. It consists of 12 sections that cover all aspects of clinical ...

Last Updated: 27 Oct 2016

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Dysphagia, Speech, Voice, and Trismus following Radiotherapy and/or Chemotherapy in Patients with Head and Neck Carcinoma: Review of the Literature.
 

Author(s): B J Heijnen, R Speyer, B Kertscher, R Cordier, K W J Koetsenruijter, K Swan, H Bogaardt

Journal: Biomed Res Int. 2016 ;2016():6086894.

 

Introduction. Patients with head and neck cancer suffer from various impairments due to the primary illness, as well as secondary consequences of the oncological treatment. This systematic review describes the effects of radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy on the functions of the upper ...

Last Updated: 10 Oct 2016

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Anesthetic to Reduce Dysphagia After Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion Surgery
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dysphagia

 

Last Updated: 29 Aug 2016

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Design and Implementation of a Nutritional Intervention in Patients With Oropharyngeal Dysphagia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Oropharyngeal Dysphagia

 

Last Updated: 8 Nov 2016

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TTE and Dysphagia in Anterior Cervical Surgery
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dysphagia

 

Last Updated: 13 Jul 2017

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