Dyslexia

Common Name(s)

Dyslexia

Dyslexia is a language-based learning disability that affects a person's ability to read. Individuals with dyslexia may also have difficulty with other language skills, such as writing, spelling, and pronouncing words. Dyslexia may make it harder for an individual to do well academically in a typical structured learning environment, and in some cases an individual may need special education, special accomodations, or other support services. Dyslexia does not reflect an unwillingness to learn and can be managed successfully with suitable teaching methods.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dyslexia" for support, advocacy or research.

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International Dyslexia Association

The International Dyslexia Association (IDA) is a non-profit organization dedicated to helping individuals with dyslexia, their families and the communities that support them. Throughout our rich history, our goal has been to provide the most comprehensive forum for parents, educators, and researchers to share their experiences, methods, and knowledge.

Last Updated: 11 Jan 2013

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The Focus Foundation

The Focus Foundation is dedicated to helping children and families affected by X & Y Variations, Dyslexia, and/or Developmental Dyspraxia. The Focus Foundation believes that through increased awareness, early identification and syndrome-specific treatment, children with these conditions can reach their full potential.

Last Updated: 31 Mar 2015

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dyslexia" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
International Dyslexia Association

The International Dyslexia Association (IDA) is a non-profit organization dedicated to helping individuals with dyslexia, their families and the communities that support them. Throughout our rich history, our goal has been to provide the most comprehensive forum for parents, educators, and researchers to share their experiences, methods, and knowledge.

http://www.interdys.org

Last Updated: 11 Jan 2013

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The Focus Foundation

The Focus Foundation is dedicated to helping children and families affected by X & Y Variations, Dyslexia, and/or Developmental Dyspraxia. The Focus Foundation believes that through increased awareness, early identification and syndrome-specific treatment, children with these conditions can reach their full potential.

http://www.thefocusfoundation.org/

Last Updated: 31 Mar 2015

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Dyslexia" returned 357 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Prosodic Similarity Effects in Short-Term Memory in Developmental Dyslexia.
 

Author(s): Usha Goswami, Lisa Barnes, Natasha Mead, Alan James Power, Victoria Leong

Journal: Dyslexia. 2016 Nov;22(4):287-304.

 

Children with developmental dyslexia are characterized by phonological difficulties across languages. Classically, this 'phonological deficit' in dyslexia has been investigated with tasks using single-syllable words. Recently, however, several studies have demonstrated difficulties ...

Last Updated: 18 Oct 2016

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How Should Medical Schools Respond to Students with Dyslexia?
 

Author(s): Frederick Romberg, Bennett A Shaywitz, Sally E Shaywitz

Journal:

 

We examine the dilemmas faced by a medical student with dyslexia who wonders whether he should "out" himself to faculty to receive the accommodations entitled by federal law. We first discuss scientific evidence on dyslexia's prevalence, unexpected nature, and neurobiology. We then ...

Last Updated: 25 Oct 2016

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Genetic polymorphism of nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate is associated with developmental dyslexia in Chinese school-aged populations.
 

Author(s): Bin Wang, Yuxi Zhou, Song Leng, Liyuan Zheng, Hong Lv, Fei Wang, Li-Hai Tan, Yimin Sun

Journal: J. Hum. Genet.. 2017 Feb;62(2):265-268.

 

Developmental dyslexia (DD) is a neurodevelopment disorder characterized by reading disabilities without apparent etiologies. Nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (NSCL/P) is a structural craniofacial malformation featured by isolated orofacial abnormalities. Despite ...

Last Updated: 13 Oct 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Dyslexia" returned 39 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Tackling the 'dyslexia paradox': reading brain and behavior for early markers of developmental dyslexiax.
 

Author(s): Ola Ozernov-Palchik, Nadine Gaab

Journal: Wiley Interdiscip Rev Cogn Sci. ;7(2):156-76.

 

Developmental dyslexia is an unexplained inability to acquire accurate or fluent reading that affects approximately 5-17% of children. Dyslexia is associated with structural and functional alterations in various brain regions that support reading. Neuroimaging studies in infants and ...

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2016

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Oral language deficits in familial dyslexia: A meta-analysis and review.
 

Author(s): Margaret J Snowling, Monica Melby-LervÄg

Journal: Psychol Bull. 2016 May;142(5):498-545.

 

This article reviews 95 publications (based on 21 independent samples) that have examined children at family risk of reading disorders. We report that children at family risk of dyslexia experience delayed language development as infants and toddlers. In the preschool period, they ...

Last Updated: 8 Apr 2016

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The interface between genetics and psychology: lessons from developmental dyslexia.
 

Author(s): D V M Bishop

Journal: Proc. Biol. Sci.. 2015 May;282(1806):20143139.

 

Developmental dyslexia runs in families, and twin studies have confirmed that there is a substantial genetic contribution to poor reading. The way in which discoveries in molecular genetics are reported can be misleading, encouraging us to think that there are specific genes that ...

Last Updated: 9 Apr 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 26 Aug 2016

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Comparison of Interventions for Developmental Dyslexia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Developmental Dyslexia

 

Last Updated: 11 Apr 2017

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Prediction and Intervention in Developmental Dyslexia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Developmental Dyslexia

 

Last Updated: 13 Aug 2014

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