Dementia

Common Name(s)

Dementia

Dementia is not a disease, but is a term that describes a loss of cognitive functioning, such as thinking, remembering, and reasoning, and behavioral abilities to the extent that it interferes with a person’s daily life. Many conditions cause dementia and symptoms may vary depending on the cause. However, common symptoms include memory loss, difficulty communicating, difficulty planning and organizing, difficulty with motor functions, personality changes, disorientation, paranoia, inability to reason and inappropriate behavior. A physician can diagnose dementias after taking into account medical history and performance on a number of tests such as cognitive and neuropsychological tests, brain scans, blood tests, and psychiatric evaluation. Most types of dementia cannot be cured, however medication and occupational therapy can be used to manage symptoms.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dementia" for support, advocacy or research.

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Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center

The Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center was established by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) to provide information to health professionals, patients and their families and the public about Alzheimer's disease and other memory disorders.

Last Updated: 30 Oct 2014

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Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration

The Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration (AFTD) is a nationwide non-profit organization whose mission is to promote and fund research into finding the cause and cure for the frontotemporal dementias; to provide information, education, and support to persons diagnosed with frontotemporal dementias (FTD) and their families and caregivers; and to educate physicians and allied health professionals about FTD.

Last Updated: 8 Jul 2015

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dementia" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center

The Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center was established by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) to provide information to health professionals, patients and their families and the public about Alzheimer's disease and other memory disorders.

http://www.nia.nih.gov/alzheimers

Last Updated: 30 Oct 2014

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Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration

The Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration (AFTD) is a nationwide non-profit organization whose mission is to promote and fund research into finding the cause and cure for the frontotemporal dementias; to provide information, education, and support to persons diagnosed with frontotemporal dementias (FTD) and their families and caregivers; and to educate physicians and allied health professionals about FTD.

http://www.theaftd.org

Last Updated: 8 Jul 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Dementia" returned 4936 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Comorbidity and dementia: A nationwide survey in Taiwan.
 

Author(s): Ting-Bin Chen, Szu-Yu Yiao, Yu Sun, Huey-Jane Lee, Shu-Chien Yang, Ming-Jang Chiu, Ta-Fu Chen, Ker-Neng Lin, Li-Yu Tang, Chung-Chih Lin, Pei-Ning Wang

Journal:

 

Comorbid medical diseases are highly prevalent in the geriatric population, imposing hardship on healthcare services for demented individuals. Dementia also complicates clinical care for other co-existing medical conditions. This study investigated the comorbidities associated with ...

Last Updated: 13 Apr 2017

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Association of traditional Chinese medicine therapy and the risk of dementia in patients with hypertension: a nationwide population-based cohort study.
 

Author(s): Kuen-Hau Chen, Ming-Hsien Yeh, Hanoch Livneh, Bor-Chyuan Chen, I-Hsin Lin, Ming-Chi Lu, Tzung-Yi Tsai, Chia-Chou Yeh

Journal:

 

Patients with hypertension (HTN) reportedly have a higher risk of developing dementia. However, it remains unclear if use of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), the most common form of complementary and alternative medicine, can help lower the risk of dementia for these patients. ...

Last Updated: 30 Mar 2017

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Impact of Physical Activity on Cognitive Decline, Dementia, and Its Subtypes: Meta-Analysis of Prospective Studies.
 

Author(s): Chris B Guure, Noor A Ibrahim, Mohd B Adam, Salmiah Md Said

Journal: Biomed Res Int. 2017 ;2017():9016924.

 

The association of physical activity with dementia and its subtypes has remained controversial in the literature and has continued to be a subject of debate among researchers. A systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies on the relationship between physical activity ...

Last Updated: 8 Mar 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Dementia" returned 820 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Frontotemporal dementia as a comorbidity to idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH): a short review of literature and an unusual case.
 

Author(s): V E Korhonen, E Solje, N M Suhonen, T Rauramaa, R Vanninen, A M Remes, V Leinonen

Journal:

 

Behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) and idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) are neurodegenerative diseases that can present with similar symptoms. These include decline in executive functions, psychomotor slowness, and behavioural and personality changes. ...

Last Updated: 19 Apr 2017

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Driving and dementia: Efficient approach to driving safety concerns in family practice.
 

Author(s): Linda Lee, Frank Molnar

Journal: Can Fam Physician. 2017 Jan;63(1):27-31.

 

To provide primary care physicians with an approach to driving safety concerns when older persons present with memory difficulties.

Last Updated: 24 Jan 2017

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A patient's experience in dementia care: Using the "lived experience" to improve care.
 

Author(s): Christopher Frank, Rev Faye Forbes

Journal: Can Fam Physician. 2017 Jan;63(1):22-26.

 

To give FPs an understanding of the "lived experience" of dementia via the words of a person with dementia (PWD)- Faye Forbes, a 64-year-old Anglican priest with Alzheimer disease who provides her perspectives on living with dementia-and to use these thoughts to improve care and outcomes.

Last Updated: 24 Jan 2017

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Hand Grasping Techniques on Eliciting the Grasp Reflex in Patients With Dementia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dementia

 

Last Updated: 4 Oct 2016

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A Trial of the C-TraC Intervention for Dementia Patients
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dementia

 

Last Updated: 21 Nov 2016

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Last Updated: 18 Aug 2015

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