Dementia

Common Name(s)

Dementia

Dementia is not a disease, but is a term that describes a loss of cognitive functioning, such as thinking, remembering, and reasoning, and behavioral abilities to the extent that it interferes with a person’s daily life. Many conditions cause dementia and symptoms may vary depending on the cause. However, common symptoms include memory loss, difficulty communicating, difficulty planning and organizing, difficulty with motor functions, personality changes, disorientation, paranoia, inability to reason and inappropriate behavior. A physician can diagnose dementias after taking into account medical history and performance on a number of tests such as cognitive and neuropsychological tests, brain scans, blood tests, and psychiatric evaluation. Most types of dementia cannot be cured, however medication and occupational therapy can be used to manage symptoms.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dementia" for support, advocacy or research.

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Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center

The Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center was established by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) to provide information to health professionals, patients and their families and the public about Alzheimer's disease and other memory disorders.

Last Updated: 30 Oct 2014

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Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration

The Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration (AFTD) is a nationwide non-profit organization whose mission is to promote and fund research into finding the cause and cure for the frontotemporal dementias; to provide information, education, and support to persons diagnosed with frontotemporal dementias (FTD) and their families and caregivers; and to educate physicians and allied health professionals about FTD.

Last Updated: 8 Jul 2015

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dementia" for support, advocacy or research.

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Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center

The Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center was established by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) to provide information to health professionals, patients and their families and the public about Alzheimer's disease and other memory disorders.

http://www.nia.nih.gov/alzheimers

Last Updated: 30 Oct 2014

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Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration

The Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration (AFTD) is a nationwide non-profit organization whose mission is to promote and fund research into finding the cause and cure for the frontotemporal dementias; to provide information, education, and support to persons diagnosed with frontotemporal dementias (FTD) and their families and caregivers; and to educate physicians and allied health professionals about FTD.

http://www.theaftd.org

Last Updated: 8 Jul 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Dementia" returned 4964 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Epidemiological Characteristics of Dementia Treatment in Croatia.
 

Author(s): Sanja Tomasović, Josip Sremec, Jelena Košćak, Nataša Klepac, Pero Draganić, Ivan Bielen

Journal: Psychiatr Danub. 2016 Jun;28(2):170-5.

 

In spite of the increase in the number of patients with dementia in countries with older population, basic epidemiologic data are still scarce. The objective of this paper is to investigate pharmacoepidemiological characteristics of treatment of dementia in Croatia, and to present ...

Last Updated: 11 Jun 2016

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REMCARE: Pragmatic Multi-Centre Randomised Trial of Reminiscence Groups for People with Dementia and their Family Carers: Effectiveness and Economic Analysis.
 

Author(s): Robert T Woods, Martin Orrell, Errollyn Bruce, Rhiannon T Edwards, Zoe Hoare, Barry Hounsome, John Keady, Esme Moniz-Cook, Vasiliki Orgeta, Janice Rees, Ian Russell

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Joint reminiscence groups, involving people with dementia and family carers together, are popular, but the evidence-base is limited. This study aimed to assess the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of joint reminiscence groups as compared to usual care.

Last Updated: 20 Apr 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Dementia" returned 750 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Measures to assess commonly experienced symptoms for people with dementia in long-term care settings: a systematic review.
 

Author(s): Clare Ellis-Smith, Catherine J Evans, Anna E Bone, Lesley A Henson, Mendwas Dzingina, Pauline M Kane, Irene J Higginson, Barbara A Daveson,

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High symptom burden is common in long-term care residents with dementia and results in distress and behavioral challenges if undetected. Physicians may have limited time to regularly examine all residents, particularly those unable to self-report, and may rely on reports from caregivers ...

Last Updated: 27 Feb 2016

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Behavioural Risk Factors in Mid-Life Associated with Successful Ageing, Disability, Dementia and Frailty in Later Life: A Rapid Systematic Review.
 

Author(s): Louise Lafortune, Steven Martin, Sarah Kelly, Isla Kuhn, Olivia Remes, Andy Cowan, Carol Brayne

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Smoking, alcohol consumption, poor diet and low levels of physical activity significantly contribute to the burden of illness in developed countries. Whilst the links between specific and multiple risk behaviours and individual chronic conditions are well documented, the impact of ...

Last Updated: 5 Feb 2016

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Effectiveness of interventions to directly support food and drink intake in people with dementia: systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Asmaa Abdelhamid, Diane Bunn, Maddie Copley, Vicky Cowap, Angela Dickinson, Lucy Gray, Amanda Howe, Anne Killett, Jin Lee, Francesca Li, Fiona Poland, John Potter, Kate Richardson, David Smithard, Chris Fox, Lee Hooper

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Eating and drinking difficulties are recognised sources of ill health in people with dementia. In the EDWINA (Eating and Drinking Well IN dementiA) systematic review we aimed to assess effectiveness of interventions to directly improve, maintain or facilitate oral food and drink intake, ...

Last Updated: 23 Jan 2016

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Evaluation and Characterization of Behavioural Disorders and Dementias by the Behavioural Dysexecutive Syndrome Inventory (BDSI)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Frontotemporal Dementia; Huntington Disease; Alzheimer Disease; Semantic Dementia; Dementia, Vascular

 

Last Updated: 28 Jun 2016

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Optimizing Dementia Care Through Collaborative Recovery Interventions
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Alzheimer's Disease; Dementia; Dementia, Vascular; Caregivers; Veterans

 

Last Updated: 8 Apr 2016

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Evaluating the Effects of Music Interventions on Hospitalised People With Dementia
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Dementia; Alzheimer's Disease; Dementia, Vascular; Lewy Body Disease

 

Last Updated: 14 Mar 2007

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