Dementia

Common Name(s)

Dementia

Dementia is not a disease, but is a term that describes a loss of cognitive functioning, such as thinking, remembering, and reasoning, and behavioral abilities to the extent that it interferes with a person’s daily life. Many conditions cause dementia and symptoms may vary depending on the cause. However, common symptoms include memory loss, difficulty communicating, difficulty planning and organizing, difficulty with motor functions, personality changes, disorientation, paranoia, inability to reason and inappropriate behavior. A physician can diagnose dementias after taking into account medical history and performance on a number of tests such as cognitive and neuropsychological tests, brain scans, blood tests, and psychiatric evaluation. Most types of dementia cannot be cured, however medication and occupational therapy can be used to manage symptoms.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dementia" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center

The Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center was established by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) to provide information to health professionals, patients and their families and the public about Alzheimer's disease and other memory disorders.

Last Updated: 30 Oct 2014

View Details
Logo
Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration

The Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration (AFTD) is a nationwide non-profit organization whose mission is to promote and fund research into finding the cause and cure for the frontotemporal dementias; to provide information, education, and support to persons diagnosed with frontotemporal dementias (FTD) and their families and caregivers; and to educate physicians and allied health professionals about FTD.

Last Updated: 8 Jul 2015

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dementia" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center

The Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center was established by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) to provide information to health professionals, patients and their families and the public about Alzheimer's disease and other memory disorders.

http://www.nia.nih.gov/alzheimers

Last Updated: 30 Oct 2014

View Details
Logo
Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration

The Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration (AFTD) is a nationwide non-profit organization whose mission is to promote and fund research into finding the cause and cure for the frontotemporal dementias; to provide information, education, and support to persons diagnosed with frontotemporal dementias (FTD) and their families and caregivers; and to educate physicians and allied health professionals about FTD.

http://www.theaftd.org

Last Updated: 8 Jul 2015

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Dementia" returned 5432 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Abnormal expansion of C9orf72 gene in familial frontotemporal dementia].
 

Author(s): Marcelo Miranda C, M Leonor Bustamante C, Luisa Herrera C

Journal: Rev Med Chil. 2017 Jul;145(7):896-900.

 

Frontotemporal Dementia (FTD) and Motor Neuron Disease (MND) may share similar pathogenic mechanisms. An abnormal hexanucleotide expansion in C9orf72 gene is the most common genetic abnormality of these conditions and explains their concurrence in the same family. We report a 77-year-old ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
[Performance of an abbreviated mini mental examination to detect dementia in older people].
 

Author(s): Daniel Jiménez, Manuel Lavados, Paula Rojas, Claudio Henríquez, Fernando Silva, Marta Guillón

Journal: Rev Med Chil. 2017 Jul;145(7):862-868.

 

The usefulness of the abbreviated Mini-Mental State Examination included in the Chilean Functional assessment of elderly people (MM-SE-EFAM) to detect Dementia has not been determined.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Increased risk of dementia following herpes zoster ophthalmicus.
 

Author(s): Ming-Chieh Tsai, Wan-Ling Cheng, Jau-Jiuan Sheu, Chung-Chien Huang, Ben-Chang Shia, Li-Ting Kao, Herng-Ching Lin

Journal:

 

This retrospective cohort study aimed to examine the relationship between herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO) and the subsequent risk of dementia using a population-based database. We retrieved the study sample from the Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2005. The study group ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Dementia" returned 922 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Nose-to-Brain Delivery of Peptide Drugs Enhanced by Coadministration of Cell-penetrating Peptides: Therapeutic Potential for Dementia.
 

Author(s): Noriyasu Kamei

Journal: Yakugaku Zasshi. 2017 ;137(10):1247-1253.

 

Recent reports suggest that peptide drugs such as insulin have the potential to serve as therapeutics in neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease. However, the transport of these drugs to the therapeutic target, the brain, is significantly hindered by the blood-brain ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Cardiovascular Disease, the Nitric Oxide Pathway and Risk of Cognitive Impairment and Dementia.
 

Author(s): Blossom C M Stephan, Stephanie L Harrison, Hannah A D Keage, Abrar Babateen, Louise Robinson, Mario Siervo

Journal:

 

In this review, we summarise the evidence on the association between cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cognitive impairment and explore the role of the nitric oxide (NO) pathway as a causal mechanism.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
What works for whom in the management of diabetes in people living with dementia: a realist review.
 

Author(s): Frances Bunn, Claire Goodman, Peter Reece Jones, Bridget Russell, Daksha Trivedi, Alan Sinclair, Antony Bayer, Greta Rait, Jo Rycroft-Malone, Christopher Burton

Journal:

 

Dementia and diabetes mellitus are common long-term conditions and co-exist in a large number of older people. People living with dementia (PLWD) may be less able to manage their diabetes, putting them at increased risk of complications such as hypoglycaemia. The aim of this review ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Hand Grasping Techniques on Eliciting the Grasp Reflex in Patients With Dementia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dementia

 

Last Updated: 4 Oct 2016

Go to URL
Research on the Early and Prognosis Diagnosis of Vascular Dementia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dementia

 

Last Updated: 11 May 2017

Go to URL