Dementia

Common Name(s)

Dementia

Dementia is not a disease, but is a term that describes a loss of cognitive functioning, such as thinking, remembering, and reasoning, and behavioral abilities to the extent that it interferes with a person’s daily life. Many conditions cause dementia and symptoms may vary depending on the cause. However, common symptoms include memory loss, difficulty communicating, difficulty planning and organizing, difficulty with motor functions, personality changes, disorientation, paranoia, inability to reason and inappropriate behavior. A physician can diagnose dementias after taking into account medical history and performance on a number of tests such as cognitive and neuropsychological tests, brain scans, blood tests, and psychiatric evaluation. Most types of dementia cannot be cured, however medication and occupational therapy can be used to manage symptoms.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dementia" for support, advocacy or research.

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Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center

The Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center was established by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) to provide information to health professionals, patients and their families and the public about Alzheimer's disease and other memory disorders.

Last Updated: 30 Oct 2014

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Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration

The Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration (AFTD) is a nationwide non-profit organization whose mission is to promote and fund research into finding the cause and cure for the frontotemporal dementias; to provide information, education, and support to persons diagnosed with frontotemporal dementias (FTD) and their families and caregivers; and to educate physicians and allied health professionals about FTD.

Last Updated: 8 Jul 2015

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dementia" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center

The Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center was established by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) to provide information to health professionals, patients and their families and the public about Alzheimer's disease and other memory disorders.

http://www.nia.nih.gov/alzheimers

Last Updated: 30 Oct 2014

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Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration

The Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration (AFTD) is a nationwide non-profit organization whose mission is to promote and fund research into finding the cause and cure for the frontotemporal dementias; to provide information, education, and support to persons diagnosed with frontotemporal dementias (FTD) and their families and caregivers; and to educate physicians and allied health professionals about FTD.

http://www.theaftd.org

Last Updated: 8 Jul 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Dementia" returned 4839 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Potential contribution of diabetes mellitus to orthostatic blood pressure fall and conversion of mild cognitive impairment to dementia.
 

Author(s): Sevilay Muratli, Fatih Tufan, Ozlem Soyluk, Gulistan Bahat, Mehmet Akif Karan

Journal:

 

Last Updated: 12 Feb 2016

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Is Dementia in Decline? Historical Trends and Future Trajectories.
 

Author(s): David S Jones, Jeremy A Greene

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2016 Feb;374(6):507-9.

 

Last Updated: 11 Feb 2016

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Dopaminergic Therapy Modulates Cortical Perfusion in Parkinson Disease With and Without Dementia According to Arterial Spin Labeled Perfusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging.
 

Author(s): Wei-Che Lin, Pei-Chin Chen, Yung-Cheng Huang, Nai-Wen Tsai, Hsiu-Ling Chen, Hung-Chen Wang, Tsu-Kung Lin, Kun-Hsien Chou, Meng-Hsiang Chen, Yi-Wen Chen, Cheng-Hsien Lu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Feb;95(5):e2206.

 

Arterial spin labeling (ASL) magnetic resonance imaging analyses allow for the quantification of altered cerebral blood flow, and provide a novel means of examining the impact of dopaminergic treatments. The authors examined the cerebral perfusion differences among 17 Parkinson disease ...

Last Updated: 5 Feb 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Dementia" returned 726 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The effectiveness of interventions in supporting self-management of informal caregivers of people with dementia; a systematic meta review.
 

Author(s): Judith G Huis In Het Veld, Renate Verkaik, Patriek Mistiaen, Berno van Meijel, Anneke L Francke

Journal:

 

Informal caregivers of people with dementia are challenged in managing the consequences of dementia in daily life. The objective of this meta-review was to synthesize evidence from previous systematic reviews about professional self-management support interventions for this group.

Last Updated: 12 Nov 2015

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UK quality statements on end of life care in dementia: a systematic review of research evidence.
 

Author(s): Bridget Candy, Margaret Elliott, Kirsten Moore, Victoria Vickerstaff, Elizabeth Sampson, Louise Jones

Journal:

 

Globally, the number of people who die with dementia is increasing. The importance of a palliative approach in the care of people with dementia is recognised and there are national polices to enhance current care. In the UK implementation of these polices is promoted by the National ...

Last Updated: 20 Oct 2015

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Review of Positive Psychology Outcome Measures for Chronic Illness, Traumatic Brain Injury and Older Adults: Adaptability in Dementia?
 

Author(s): Charlotte R Stoner, Martin Orrell, Aimee Spector

Journal: Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord. 2015 ;40(5-6):340-57.

 

Despite positive psychology being increasingly recognised as an important agent in well-being, there is a lack of standardised outcome measures for psychosocial dementia research. This review assessed positive psychology outcome measures using standardised criterion in populations ...

Last Updated: 16 Oct 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Optimizing Dementia Care Through Collaborative Recovery Interventions
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Alzheimer's Disease; Dementia; Dementia, Vascular; Caregivers; Veterans

 

Last Updated: 8 Apr 2016

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Evaluating the Effects of Music Interventions on Hospitalised People With Dementia
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Dementia; Alzheimer's Disease; Dementia, Vascular; Lewy Body Disease

 

Last Updated: 14 Mar 2007

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Study of Social Behavior and Emotion in Frontotemporal Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease and Controls
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Frontotemporal Dementia; Frontotemporal Degeneration; Alzheimer's Disease; Social Behavior

 

Last Updated: 27 Oct 2011

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