Dementia

Common Name(s)

Dementia

Dementia is not a disease, but is a term that describes a loss of cognitive functioning, such as thinking, remembering, and reasoning, and behavioral abilities to the extent that it interferes with a person’s daily life. Many conditions cause dementia and symptoms may vary depending on the cause. However, common symptoms include memory loss, difficulty communicating, difficulty planning and organizing, difficulty with motor functions, personality changes, disorientation, paranoia, inability to reason and inappropriate behavior. A physician can diagnose dementias after taking into account medical history and performance on a number of tests such as cognitive and neuropsychological tests, brain scans, blood tests, and psychiatric evaluation. Most types of dementia cannot be cured, however medication and occupational therapy can be used to manage symptoms.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dementia" for support, advocacy or research.

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Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center

The Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center was established by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) to provide information to health professionals, patients and their families and the public about Alzheimer's disease and other memory disorders.

Last Updated: 30 Oct 2014

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Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration

The Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration (AFTD) is a nationwide non-profit organization whose mission is to promote and fund research into finding the cause and cure for the frontotemporal dementias; to provide information, education, and support to persons diagnosed with frontotemporal dementias (FTD) and their families and caregivers; and to educate physicians and allied health professionals about FTD.

Last Updated: 8 Jul 2015

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dementia" for support, advocacy or research.

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Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center

The Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center was established by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) to provide information to health professionals, patients and their families and the public about Alzheimer's disease and other memory disorders.

http://www.nia.nih.gov/alzheimers

Last Updated: 30 Oct 2014

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Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration

The Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration (AFTD) is a nationwide non-profit organization whose mission is to promote and fund research into finding the cause and cure for the frontotemporal dementias; to provide information, education, and support to persons diagnosed with frontotemporal dementias (FTD) and their families and caregivers; and to educate physicians and allied health professionals about FTD.

http://www.theaftd.org

Last Updated: 8 Jul 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Dementia" returned 5728 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Quantitative comorbidity risk assessment of dementia in Taiwan: A population-based cohort study.
 

Author(s): Chun-Hung Richard Lin, Jui-Hsiu Tsai, Shihn-Sheng Wu, Yang-Pei Chang, Yen-Hsia Wen, Jain-Shing Liu, For-Wey Lung

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Apr;97(15):e0298.

 

Dementia is one of the most burdensome illnesses in elderly populations worldwide. However, the literature about multiple risk factors for dementia is scant.To develop a simple, rapid, and appropriate predictive tool for the clinical quantitative assessment of multiple risk factors ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Nonopportunistic infection leading to rapidly progressive dementia in a patient with HIV/AIDS: A case report.
 

Author(s): Johannes Eimer, Jan Vesterbacka, Irina Savitcheva, Rayomand Press, Homayoun Roshanisefat, Piotr Nowak

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Mar;97(12):e0162.

 

Cognitive dysfunction is a common presenting symptom in patients with HIV/AIDS. It is usually directly associated with HIV infection or due to opportunistic infection. Rapidly progressive dementia, however, is rarely observed in acute HIV infection or during immune reconstitution. ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Analysis of the linguistic profile in down syndrome using the arizona battery for communication disorders of dementia - a pilot study.
 

Author(s): Cláudia Lopes Carvalho, Ariella Fornachari Ribeiro Belan, Leila Regina de Castro, Márcia Radanovic

Journal:

 

To characterize the linguistic profile of adults and elderly with Down Syndrome (DS) using the Arizona Battery for Communication Disorders of Dementia (ABCD).

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Dementia" returned 964 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Exploring the evidence base for how people with dementia and their informal carers manage their medication in the community: a mixed studies review.
 

Author(s): Lydia Aston, Andrea Hilton, Tiago Moutela, Rachel Shaw, Ian Maidment

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Little is known about the general medicines management issues for people with dementia living in the community. This review has three aims: firstly to explore and evaluate the international literature on how people with dementia manage medication; assess understanding of medicines ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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A scoping review of crisis teams managing dementia in older people.
 

Author(s): Amy Streater, Donna Maria Coleston-Shields, Jennifer Yates, Miriam Stanyon, Martin Orrell

Journal:

 

Research on crisis teams for older adults with dementia is limited. This scoping review aimed to 1) conduct a systematic literature review reporting on the effectiveness of crisis interventions for older people with dementia and 2) conduct a scoping survey with dementia crisis teams ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Dementia Risk in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: the Relevance of Sleep-Related Abnormalities in Brain Structure, Amyloid, and Inflammation.
 

Author(s): Brian S Mohlenhoff, Aoife O'Donovan, Michael W Weiner, Thomas C Neylan

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Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with increased risk for dementia, yet mechanisms are poorly understood.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Hand Grasping Techniques on Eliciting the Grasp Reflex in Patients With Dementia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dementia

 

Last Updated: 4 Oct 2016

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Research on the Early and Prognosis Diagnosis of Vascular Dementia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dementia

 

Last Updated: 11 May 2017

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