Dementia

Common Name(s)

Dementia

Dementia is not a disease, but is a term that describes a loss of cognitive functioning, such as thinking, remembering, and reasoning, and behavioral abilities to the extent that it interferes with a person’s daily life. Many conditions cause dementia and symptoms may vary depending on the cause. However, common symptoms include memory loss, difficulty communicating, difficulty planning and organizing, difficulty with motor functions, personality changes, disorientation, paranoia, inability to reason and inappropriate behavior. A physician can diagnose dementias after taking into account medical history and performance on a number of tests such as cognitive and neuropsychological tests, brain scans, blood tests, and psychiatric evaluation. Most types of dementia cannot be cured, however medication and occupational therapy can be used to manage symptoms.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dementia" for support, advocacy or research.

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Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center

The Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center was established by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) to provide information to health professionals, patients and their families and the public about Alzheimer's disease and other memory disorders.

Last Updated: 30 Oct 2014

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Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration

The Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration (AFTD) is a nationwide non-profit organization whose mission is to promote and fund research into finding the cause and cure for the frontotemporal dementias; to provide information, education, and support to persons diagnosed with frontotemporal dementias (FTD) and their families and caregivers; and to educate physicians and allied health professionals about FTD.

Last Updated: 8 Jul 2015

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dementia" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center

The Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center was established by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) to provide information to health professionals, patients and their families and the public about Alzheimer's disease and other memory disorders.

http://www.nia.nih.gov/alzheimers

Last Updated: 30 Oct 2014

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Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration

The Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration (AFTD) is a nationwide non-profit organization whose mission is to promote and fund research into finding the cause and cure for the frontotemporal dementias; to provide information, education, and support to persons diagnosed with frontotemporal dementias (FTD) and their families and caregivers; and to educate physicians and allied health professionals about FTD.

http://www.theaftd.org

Last Updated: 8 Jul 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Dementia" returned 4919 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Impact of Physical Activity on Cognitive Decline, Dementia, and Its Subtypes: Meta-Analysis of Prospective Studies.
 

Author(s): Chris B Guure, Noor A Ibrahim, Mohd B Adam, Salmiah Md Said

Journal: Biomed Res Int. 2017 ;2017():9016924.

 

The association of physical activity with dementia and its subtypes has remained controversial in the literature and has continued to be a subject of debate among researchers. A systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies on the relationship between physical activity ...

Last Updated: 8 Mar 2017

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Developing a dementia-specific health state classification system for a new preference-based instrument AD-5D.
 

Author(s): Kim-Huong Nguyen, Brendan Mulhern, Sanjeewa Kularatna, Joshua Byrnes, Wendy Moyle, Tracy Comans

Journal:

 

With an ageing population, the number of people with dementia is rising. The economic impact on the health care system is considerable and new treatment methods and approaches to dementia care must be cost effective. Economic evaluation requires valid patient reported outcome measures, ...

Last Updated: 26 Jan 2017

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UnderstAID, an ICT Platform to Help Informal Caregivers of People with Dementia: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Study.
 

Author(s): Laura Núñez-Naveira, Begoña Alonso-Búa, Carmen de Labra, Rikke Gregersen, Kirsten Maibom, Ewa Mojs, Agnieszka Krawczyk-Wasielewska, José Carlos Millán-Calenti

Journal: Biomed Res Int. 2016 ;2016():5726465.

 

Information and communications technology (ICT) could support ambient assisted living (AAL) based interventions to provide support to informal caregivers of people with dementia, especially when they need to cope with their feelings of overburden or isolation. An e-learning platform ...

Last Updated: 24 Jan 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Dementia" returned 812 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Person-centered dementia care: current perspectives.
 

Author(s): Jill Manthorpe, Kritika Samsi

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Person-centered dementia care is widely accepted as a value-based commitment to supporting people with dementia and is a guiding principle in care services. Policy ambitions to put people at the center of their own care are being developed internationally. These may be seen as part ...

Last Updated: 9 Dec 2016

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A Case Report of Wake State Misperception, or Reverse Sleep State Misperception, in a Patient With Dementia and REM Sleep Without Atonia.
 

Author(s): Muhammad Ubaid Hafeez, Helena Molero, Thomas D Hurwitz, Imran S Khawaja

Journal:

 

Last Updated: 1 Dec 2016

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Guidelines for dementia or Parkinson's disease with depression or anxiety: a systematic review.
 

Author(s): Zahra Goodarzi, Bria Mele, Selynne Guo, Heather Hanson, Nathalie Jette, Scott Patten, Tamara Pringsheim, Jayna Holroyd-Leduc

Journal:

 

Depression and anxiety remain under-diagnosed and under-treated in those with neurologic diseases such as dementia or Parkinson's Disease (PD). Our objectives were to first, to provide a synthesis of high quality guidelines available for the identification and management of depression ...

Last Updated: 26 Nov 2016

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Hand Grasping Techniques on Eliciting the Grasp Reflex in Patients With Dementia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dementia

 

Last Updated: 4 Oct 2016

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A Trial of the C-TraC Intervention for Dementia Patients
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dementia

 

Last Updated: 21 Nov 2016

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Last Updated: 18 Aug 2015

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