Dementia

Common Name(s)

Dementia

Dementia is not a disease, but is a term that describes a loss of cognitive functioning, such as thinking, remembering, and reasoning, and behavioral abilities to the extent that it interferes with a person’s daily life. Many conditions cause dementia and symptoms may vary depending on the cause. However, common symptoms include memory loss, difficulty communicating, difficulty planning and organizing, difficulty with motor functions, personality changes, disorientation, paranoia, inability to reason and inappropriate behavior. A physician can diagnose dementias after taking into account medical history and performance on a number of tests such as cognitive and neuropsychological tests, brain scans, blood tests, and psychiatric evaluation. Most types of dementia cannot be cured, however medication and occupational therapy can be used to manage symptoms.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dementia" for support, advocacy or research.

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Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center

The Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center was established by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) to provide information to health professionals, patients and their families and the public about Alzheimer's disease and other memory disorders.

Last Updated: 30 Oct 2014

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Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration

The Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration (AFTD) is a nationwide non-profit organization whose mission is to promote and fund research into finding the cause and cure for the frontotemporal dementias; to provide information, education, and support to persons diagnosed with frontotemporal dementias (FTD) and their families and caregivers; and to educate physicians and allied health professionals about FTD.

Last Updated: 8 Jul 2015

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dementia" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center

The Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center was established by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) to provide information to health professionals, patients and their families and the public about Alzheimer's disease and other memory disorders.

http://www.nia.nih.gov/alzheimers

Last Updated: 30 Oct 2014

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Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration

The Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration (AFTD) is a nationwide non-profit organization whose mission is to promote and fund research into finding the cause and cure for the frontotemporal dementias; to provide information, education, and support to persons diagnosed with frontotemporal dementias (FTD) and their families and caregivers; and to educate physicians and allied health professionals about FTD.

http://www.theaftd.org

Last Updated: 8 Jul 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Dementia" returned 5099 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Incidence of Dementia over Three Decades in the Framingham Heart Study.
 

Author(s): Claudia Satizabal, Alexa S Beiser, Sudha Seshadri

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2016 Jul;375(1):93-4.

 

Last Updated: 13 Jul 2016

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Epidemiological Characteristics of Dementia Treatment in Croatia.
 

Author(s): Sanja Tomasović, Josip Sremec, Jelena Košćak, Nataša Klepac, Pero Draganić, Ivan Bielen

Journal: Psychiatr Danub. 2016 Jun;28(2):170-5.

 

In spite of the increase in the number of patients with dementia in countries with older population, basic epidemiologic data are still scarce. The objective of this paper is to investigate pharmacoepidemiological characteristics of treatment of dementia in Croatia, and to present ...

Last Updated: 11 Jun 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Dementia" returned 803 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Effectiveness of interventions to indirectly support food and drink intake in people with dementia: Eating and Drinking Well IN dementiA (EDWINA) systematic review.
 

Author(s): Diane K Bunn, Asmaa Abdelhamid, Maddie Copley, Vicky Cowap, Angela Dickinson, Amanda Howe, Anne Killett, Fiona Poland, John F Potter, Kate Richardson, David Smithard, Chris Fox, Lee Hooper

Journal:

 

Risks and prevalence of malnutrition and dehydration are high in older people but even higher in older people with dementia. In the EDWINA (Eating and Drinking Well IN dementiA) systematic review we aimed to assess effectiveness of interventions aiming to improve, maintain or facilitate ...

Last Updated: 4 May 2016

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People with dementia in nursing home research: a methodological review of the definition and identification of the study population.
 

Author(s): Rebecca Palm, Saskia Jünger, Sven Reuther, Christian G G Schwab, Martin N Dichter, Bernhard Holle, Margareta Halek

Journal:

 

There are various definitions and diagnostic criteria for dementia, leading to discrepancies in case ascertainment in both clinical practice and research. We reviewed the different definitions, approaches and measurements used to operationalize dementia in health care studies in German ...

Last Updated: 7 Apr 2016

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Exploring psychosocial interventions for people with dementia that enhance personhood and relate to legacy- an integrative review.
 

Author(s): Bridget Johnston, Melanie Narayanasamy

Journal:

 

Epidemiological predictions suggest that dementia will continue to rise and that this will have social and economic ramifications. Effective interventions, beyond pharmacological management are needed. Psychosocial interventions have largely been investigated in relation to carers ...

Last Updated: 5 Apr 2016

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Hand Grasping Techniques on Eliciting the Grasp Reflex in Patients With Dementia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dementia

 

Last Updated: 4 Oct 2016

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A Trial of the C-TraC Intervention for Dementia Patients
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dementia

 

Last Updated: 21 Nov 2016

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Last Updated: 18 Aug 2015

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