Primary Addison's disease

Common Name(s)

Primary Addison's disease

Primary Addison’s disease is caused by a damaged adrenal gland. The adrenal glands are located at the top of each kidney and make certain steroid hormones. If the gland is damaged, it may not make enough cortisol and aldosterone. Cortisol helps regulate blood sugar levels, how the body makes energy and how it responds to stress and injury. Aldosterone helps maintain blood pressure by balancing potassium, salt and fluid levels. When these two hormones levels are low, symptoms include muscle weakness, weight loss, change in skin color, nausea, depression, and low blood pressure. The symptoms can begin anytime during childhood or adulthood.

There are many causes of Addison’s disease. Sometimes your own immune system attacks your adrenal gland by mistake (autoimmune disease). This can be caused by a mutation (change) to the HLA-DRB1 gene, which makes a protein called the HLA complex. The HLA complex lets the immune system know the adrenal gland is part of its own body. When the HLA complex does not work correctly, the immune system attacks and damages the adrenal gland. Addison’s disease can also be caused by other disorders including adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD). ALD is caused by a build-up of very long chain fatty acids (VLCFAs), which damages the adrenal glands. Many babies are screened for ALD at birth. For more information, visit Baby’s First Test. Infections, cancer and certain medications can also damage the adrenal gland.

Primary Addison’s disease can be confirmed by testing cortisol and aldosterone blood levels. Addison’s disease can be effectively treated with steroids and medication. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with primary Addison’s disease, talk with your doctor and specialists about the most current treatment options. Genetic counselors and support groups are also a good source of information.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Primary Addison's disease" for support, advocacy or research.

Fight ALD

Our mission is to save the lives of our boys by bringing about awareness through education--to our community and medical professionals--about the early onset symptoms of X-ALD (Adrenoleukodystrophy), the simple diagnostic blood test, and treatments. We also have information about the adult onset, AMN (Adrenomyeloneuropathy). Our current goal is to get ALD newborn screening added to the Recommended Uniform Screening Panel (RUSP) to allow for early diagnosis and life saving interventive treatment for all at risk babies in the US.

Last Updated: 20 May 2015

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National Adrenal Diseases Foundation (NADF)

The National Adrenal Diseases Foundation informs, educates, and supports those with adrenal disease and their families to improve their quality of life.

Last Updated: 13 Oct 2014

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Primary Addison's disease" for support, advocacy or research.

Fight ALD

Our mission is to save the lives of our boys by bringing about awareness through education--to our community and medical professionals--about the early onset symptoms of X-ALD (Adrenoleukodystrophy), the simple diagnostic blood test, and treatments. We also have information about the adult onset, AMN (Adrenomyeloneuropathy). Our current goal is to get ALD newborn screening added to the Recommended Uniform Screening Panel (RUSP) to allow for early diagnosis and life saving interventive treatment for all at risk babies in the US.

http://www.fightald.org

Last Updated: 20 May 2015

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National Adrenal Diseases Foundation (NADF)

The National Adrenal Diseases Foundation informs, educates, and supports those with adrenal disease and their families to improve their quality of life.

http://www.nadf.us

Last Updated: 13 Oct 2014

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Primary Addison's disease" returned 4 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Adrenoleukodystrophy: a forgotten diagnosis in children with primary Addison's disease.
 

Author(s): Marta Nascimento, Nádia Rodrigues, Filipa Espada, Marcelo Fonseca

Journal:

 

The X linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) is a peroxisomal disease caused by defects of the ABCD1 gene on chromosome Xq28 leading to accumulation of very long chain fatty acids (VLCFA), progressive demyelination and adrenal insufficiency. An 8-year-old boy was referred to our paediatric ...

Last Updated: 23 Aug 2012

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Nocturnal hypoglycemia identified by a continuous glucose monitoring system in patients with primary adrenal insufficiency (Addison's Disease).
 

Author(s): Gesine Meyer, Annika Hackemann, Juergen Reusch, Klaus Badenhoop

Journal: Diabetes Technol. Ther.. 2012 May;14(5):386-8.

 

Hypoglycemia can be a symptom in patients with Addison's disease. The common regimen of replacement therapy with oral glucocorticoids results in unphysiological low cortisol levels in the early morning, the time of highest insulin sensitivity. Therefore patients with Addison's disease ...

Last Updated: 2 May 2012

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Addison's disease, hypertension, renal and hepatic microthrombosis in 'primary' antiphospholipid syndrome.
 

Author(s): S Inam, K Sidki, A R al-Marshedy, R Judzewitsch

Journal: Postgrad Med J. 1991 Apr;67(786):385-8.

 

We describe a 14 year old boy with antiphospholipid syndrome who initially presented at the age of 10 with recurrent loin pain, fever, weight loss, leucocytosis, thrombocytopenia, hypertension and haematuria. He had primary adrenal insufficiency with bilaterally enlarged adrenals ...

Last Updated: 15 Aug 1991

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Primary Addison's disease" returned 0 free, full-text review articles on human participants.

 
 
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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Rare Disease Patient Registry & Natural History Study - Coordination of Rare Diseases at Sanford
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Rare Disorders; Undiagnosed Disorders; Disorders of Unknown Prevalence; Cornelia De Lange Syndrome; Prenatal Benign Hypophosphatasia; Perinatal Lethal Hypophosphatasia; Odontohypophosphatasia; Adult Hypophosphatasia; Childhood-onset Hypophosphatasia; Infantile Hypophosphatasia; Hypophosphatasia; Kabuki Syndrome; Bohring-Opitz Syndrome; Narcolepsy Without Cataplexy; Narcolepsy-cataplexy; Hypersomnolence Disorder; Idiopathic Hypersomnia Without Long Sleep Time; Idiopathic Hypersomnia With Long Sleep Time; Idiopathic Hypersomnia; Kleine-Levin Syndrome; Kawasaki Disease; Leiomyosarcoma; Leiomyosarcoma of the Corpus Uteri; Leiomyosarcoma of the Cervix Uteri; Leiomyosarcoma of Small Intestine; Acquired Myasthenia Gravis; Addison Disease; Hyperacusis (Hyperacousis); Juvenile Myasthenia Gravis; Transient Neonatal Myasthenia Gravis; Williams Syndrome; Lyme Disease; Myasthenia Gravis; Marinesco Sjogren Syndrome(Marinesco-Sjogren Syndrome); Isolated Klippel-Feil Syndrome; Frasier Syndrome; Denys-Drash Syndrome; Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome; Emanuel Syndrome; Isolated Aniridia; Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome Due to Paternal Uniparental Disomy of Chromosome 11; Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome Due to Imprinting Defect of 11p15; Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome Due to 11p15 Translocation/Inversion; Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome Due to 11p15 Microduplication; Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome Due to 11p15 Microdeletion; Axenfeld-Rieger Syndrome; Aniridia-intellectual Disability Syndrome; Aniridia - Renal Agenesis - Psychomotor Retardation; Aniridia - Ptosis - Intellectual Disability - Familial Obesity; Aniridia - Cerebellar Ataxia - Intellectual Disability; Aniridia - Absent Patella; Aniridia; Peters Anomaly - Cataract; Peters Anomaly; Potocki-Shaffer Syndrome; Silver-Russell Syndrome Due to Maternal Uniparental Disomy of Chromosome 11; Silver-Russell Syndrome Due to Imprinting Defect of 11p15; Silver-Russell Syndrome Due to 11p15 Microduplication; Syndromic Aniridia; WAGR Syndrome; Wolf-Hirschhorn Syndrome; 4p16.3 Microduplication Syndrome; 4p Deletion Syndrome, Non-Wolf-Hirschhorn Syndrome; Autosomal Recessive Stickler Syndrome; Stickler Syndrome Type 2; Stickler Syndrome Type 1; Stickler Syndrome; Mucolipidosis Type 4; X-linked Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 4; X-linked Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 3; X-linked Intellectual Disability - Ataxia - Apraxia; X-linked Progressive Cerebellar Ataxia; X-linked Non Progressive Cerebellar Ataxia; X-linked Cerebellar Ataxia; Vitamin B12 Deficiency Ataxia; Toxic Exposure Ataxia; Unclassified Autosomal Dominant Spinocerebellar Ataxia; Thyroid Antibody Ataxia; Sporadic Adult-onset Ataxia of Unknown Etiology; Spinocerebellar Ataxia With Oculomotor Anomaly; Spinocerebellar Ataxia With Epilepsy; Spinocerebellar Ataxia With Axonal Neuropathy Type 2; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 8; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 7; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 6; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 5; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 4; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 37; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 36; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 35; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 34; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 32; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 31; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 30; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 3; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 29; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 28; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 27; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 26; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 25; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 23; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 22; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 21; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 20; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 2; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 19/22; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 18; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 17; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 16; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 15/16; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 14; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 13; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 12; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 11; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 10; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 1 With Axonal Neuropathy; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 1; Spinocerebellar Ataxia - Unknown; Spinocerebellar Ataxia - Dysmorphism; Non Progressive Epilepsy and/or Ataxia With Myoclonus as a Major Feature; Spectrin-associated Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia; Spasticity-ataxia-gait Anomalies Syndrome; Spastic Ataxia With Congenital Miosis; Spastic Ataxia - Corneal Dystrophy; Spastic Ataxia; Rare Hereditary Ataxia; Rare Ataxia; Recessive Mitochondrial Ataxia Syndrome; Progressive Epilepsy and/or Ataxia With Myoclonus as a Major Feature; Posterior Column Ataxia - Retinitis Pigmentosa; Post-Stroke Ataxia; Post-Head Injury Ataxia; Post Vaccination Ataxia; Polyneuropathy - Hearing Loss - Ataxia - Retinitis Pigmentosa - Cataract; Muscular Atrophy - Ataxia - Retinitis Pigmentosa - Diabetes Mellitus; Non-progressive Cerebellar Ataxia With Intellectual Disability; Non-hereditary Degenerative Ataxia; Paroxysmal Dystonic Choreathetosis With Episodic Ataxia and Spasticity; Olivopontocerebellar Atrophy - Deafness; NARP Syndrome; Myoclonus - Cerebellar Ataxia - Deafness; Multiple System Atrophy, Parkinsonian Type; Multiple System Atrophy, Cerebellar Type; Multiple System Atrophy; Maternally-inherited Leigh Syndrome; Machado-Joseph Disease Type 3; Machado-Joseph Disease Type 2; Machado-Joseph Disease Type 1; Lethal Ataxia With Deafness and Optic Atrophy; Leigh Syndrome; Leukoencephalopathy With Mild Cerebellar Ataxia and White Matter Edema; Leukoencephalopathy - Ataxia - Hypodontia - Hypomyelination; Leigh Syndrome With Nephrotic Syndrome; Leigh Syndrome With Leukodystrophy; Leigh Syndrome With Cardiomyopathy; Late-onset Ataxia With Dementia; Intellectual Disability-hyperkinetic Movement-truncal Ataxia Syndrome; Infection or Post Infection Ataxia; Infantile-onset Autosomal Recessive Nonprogressive Cerebellar Ataxia; Infantile Onset Spinocerebellar Ataxia; GAD Ataxia; Hereditary Episodic Ataxia; Gliadin/Gluten Ataxia; Friedreich Ataxia; Fragile X-associated Tremor/Ataxia Syndrome; Familial Paroxysmal Ataxia; Exposure to Medications Ataxia; Episodic Ataxia With Slurred Speech; Episodic Ataxia Unknown Type; Episodic Ataxia Type 7; Episodic Ataxia Type 6; Episodic Ataxia Type 5; Episodic Ataxia Type 4; Episodic Ataxia Type 3; Episodic Ataxia Type 1; Epilepsy and/or Ataxia With Myoclonus as Major Feature; Early-onset Spastic Ataxia-neuropathy Syndrome; Early-onset Progressive Neurodegeneration - Blindness - Ataxia - Spasticity; Early-onset Cerebellar Ataxia With Retained Tendon Reflexes; Early-onset Ataxia With Dementia; Childhood-onset Autosomal Recessive Slowly Progressive Spinocerebellar Ataxia; Dilated Cardiomyopathy With Ataxia; Cataract - Ataxia - Deafness; Cerebellar Ataxia, Cayman Type; Cerebellar Ataxia With Peripheral Neuropathy; Cerebellar Ataxia - Hypogonadism; Cerebellar Ataxia - Ectodermal Dysplasia; Cerebellar Ataxia - Areflexia - Pes Cavus - Optic Atrophy - Sensorineural Hearing Loss; Brain Tumor Ataxia; Brachydactyly - Nystagmus - Cerebellar Ataxia; Benign Paroxysmal Tonic Upgaze of Childhood With Ataxia; Autosomal Recessive Syndromic Cerebellar Ataxia; Autosomal Recessive Spastic Ataxia With Leukoencephalopathy; Autosomal Recessive Spastic Ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay; Autosomal Recessive Spastic Ataxia - Optic Atrophy - Dysarthria; Autosomal Recessive Spastic Ataxia; Autosomal Recessive Metabolic Cerebellar Ataxia; Autosomal Dominant Spinocerebellar Ataxia Due to Repeat Expansions That do Not Encode Polyglutamine; Autosomal Recessive Ataxia, Beauce Type; Autosomal Recessive Ataxia Due to Ubiquinone Deficiency; Autosomal Recessive Ataxia Due to PEX10 Deficiency; Autosomal Recessive Degenerative and Progressive Cerebellar Ataxia; Autosomal Recessive Congenital Cerebellar Ataxia Due to MGLUR1 Deficiency; Autosomal Recessive Congenital Cerebellar Ataxia Due to GRID2 Deficiency; Autosomal Recessive Congenital Cerebellar Ataxia; Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia-pyramidal Signs-nystagmus-oculomotor Apraxia Syndrome; Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia-epilepsy-intellectual Disability Syndrome Due to WWOX Deficiency; Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia-epilepsy-intellectual Disability Syndrome Due to TUD Deficiency; Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia-epilepsy-intellectual Disability Syndrome Due to KIAA0226 Deficiency; Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia-epilepsy-intellectual Disability Syndrome; Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia With Late-onset Spasticity; Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia Due to STUB1 Deficiency; Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia Due to a DNA Repair Defect; Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia - Saccadic Intrusion; Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia - Psychomotor Retardation; Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia - Blindness - Deafness; Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia; Autosomal Dominant Spinocerebellar Ataxia Due to a Polyglutamine Anomaly; Autosomal Dominant Spinocerebellar Ataxia Due to a Point Mutation; Autosomal Dominant Spinocerebellar Ataxia Due to a Channelopathy; Autosomal Dominant Spastic Ataxia Type 1; Autosomal Dominant Spastic Ataxia; Autosomal Dominant Optic Atrophy; Ataxia-telangiectasia Variant; Ataxia-telangiectasia; Autosomal Dominant Cerebellar Ataxia, Deafness and Narcolepsy; Autosomal Dominant Cerebellar Ataxia Type 4; Autosomal Dominant Cerebellar Ataxia Type 3; Autosomal Dominant Cerebellar Ataxia Type 2; Autosomal Dominant Cerebellar Ataxia Type 1; Autosomal Dominant Cerebellar Ataxia; Ataxia-telangiectasia-like Disorder; Ataxia-intellectual Disability-oculomotor Apraxia-cerebellar Cysts Syndrome; Ataxia-deafness-intellectual Disability Syndrome; Ataxia With Vitamin E Deficiency; Ataxia With Dementia; Ataxia Neuropathy Spectrum; Ataxia - Tapetoretinal Degeneration; Ataxia - Photosensitivity - Short Stature; Ataxia - Pancytopenia; Ataxia - Oculomotor Apraxia Type 1; Ataxia - Hypogonadism - Choroidal Dystrophy; Ataxia - Other; Ataxia - Genetic Diagnosis - Unknown; Acquired Ataxia; Adult-onset Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia; Alcohol Related Ataxia

 

Last Updated: 1 Sep 2016

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