Cryptosporidiosis

Common Name(s)

Cryptosporidiosis

Cryptosporidosis also known as "crypto" is an infection caused specifically by the parasite cryptosporidium found in soil, food and water. This infection affects the small intestines and is usually a temporary short-term infection. The infection is most commonly spread through swallowing the parasite by eating contaminated food or drinking water. The infection can affect anyone, however people with weakened immune systems, such as by having HIV/AIDs, experience much serious symptoms. The main symptom of cryptosporidiosis is diarrhea in people with normal immune systems. However, other symptoms include dehydration, weight loss, stomach cramps or pain, fever, nausea, and vomiting. Diagnosis is done through the examination of stool samples. People with normal healthy immune systems usually recover without the need for any treatment or drinking plenty of water in the case of diarrhea. People with weakened immune systems may have to take anti-diarrheal medicine and constant rehydration measures especially for infants in which dehydration can be fatal. Prevention measures include washing hands often, avoiding water that may potentially be infected, and wash or peel fruits and vegetables before eating them. Please consult your doctor if you are experiencing any of the above-mentioned symptoms.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Cryptosporidiosis" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Cryptosporidiosis" returned 290 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The Risk of Reported Cryptosporidiosis in Children Aged <5 Years in Australia is Highest in Very Remote Regions.
 

Author(s): Aparna Lal, Emily Fearnley, Martyn Kirk

Journal:

 

The incidence of cryptosporidiosis is highest in children <5 years, yet little is known about disease patterns across urban and rural areas of Australia. In this study, we examine whether the risk of reported cryptosporidiosis in children <5 years varies across an urban-rural gradient, ...

Last Updated: 23 Sep 2015

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Cryptosporidiosis: A Disease of Tropical and Remote Areas in Australia.
 

Author(s): Aparna Lal, Lisa Michelle Cornish, Emily Fearnley, Kathryn Glass, Martyn Kirk

Journal:

 

Cryptosporidiosis causes gastroenteritis and is transmitted to humans via contaminated water and food, and contact with infected animals and people. We analyse long-term cryptosporidiosis patterns across Australia (2001-2012) and review published Australian studies and jurisdictional ...

Last Updated: 23 Sep 2015

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Cryptosporidiosis: a neglected infection and its association with nutritional status in schoolchildren in northwestern Mexico.
 

Author(s): Luis Quihui-Cota, Carmen M Lugo-Flores, Jose A Ponce-Martínez, Gloria G Morales-Figueroa

Journal:

 

Undernutrition is a recognized public health problem in Mexican children and cryptosporidiosis is probably a factor contributing to this problem. However, it remains a neglected and poorly attended infection in Mexico. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of Cryptosporidium ...

Last Updated: 1 Sep 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Cryptosporidiosis" returned 26 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The evolution of respiratory Cryptosporidiosis: evidence for transmission by inhalation.
 

Author(s): Jerlyn K Sponseller, Jeffrey K Griffiths, Saul Tzipori

Journal: Clin. Microbiol. Rev.. 2014 Jul;27(3):575-86.

 

The protozoan parasite Cryptosporidium infects all major vertebrate groups and causes significant diarrhea in humans, with a spectrum of diseases ranging from asymptomatic to life-threatening. Children and immunodeficient individuals are disproportionately affected, especially in ...

Last Updated: 1 Jul 2014

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Waterborne outbreaks of cryptosporidiosis.
 

Author(s): Rachel M Chalmers

Journal: Ann. Ist. Super. Sanita. 2012 ;48(4):429-46.

 

Water is the most commonly reported vehicle of transmission in Cryptosporidium outbreaks. While mains drinking water quality is highly regulated in industrialised countries, treated recreational water venues remain highly variable and these have emerged as important settings in the ...

Last Updated: 18 Dec 2012

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Burden of disease from cryptosporidiosis.
 

Author(s): Debbie-Ann T Shirley, Shannon N Moonah, Karen L Kotloff

Journal: Curr. Opin. Infect. Dis.. 2012 Oct;25(5):555-63.

 

The global significance of cryptosporidiosis is widespread and far-reaching. In this review, we present recent data about strain diversity and the burden of disease, along with developments in therapeutic and preventive strategies.

Last Updated: 29 Aug 2012

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Cryptosporidiosis and Enteropathogens in Bangladesh
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Cryptosporidiosis

 

Last Updated: 4 May 2016

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Trial of Ceramic Water Filters to Reduce Cryptosporidium Infection in Kenya
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Cryptosporidium; Cryptosporidiosis; Waterborne Disease; Diarrheal Disease

 

Last Updated: 18 Apr 2013

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Parasitic Infections of the Gastrointestinal Tract
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Amebiasis; Cryptosporidiosis; Giardiasis; Parasitic Disease; Parasitic Intestinal Disease; Gastrointestinal Helminth Infections

 

Last Updated: 2 Jul 2016

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