Cryptosporidiosis

Common Name(s)

Cryptosporidiosis

Cryptosporidosis also known as "crypto" is an infection caused specifically by the parasite cryptosporidium found in soil, food and water. This infection affects the small intestines and is usually a temporary short-term infection. The infection is most commonly spread through swallowing the parasite by eating contaminated food or drinking water. The infection can affect anyone, however people with weakened immune systems, such as by having HIV/AIDs, experience much serious symptoms. The main symptom of cryptosporidiosis is diarrhea in people with normal immune systems. However, other symptoms include dehydration, weight loss, stomach cramps or pain, fever, nausea, and vomiting. Diagnosis is done through the examination of stool samples. People with normal healthy immune systems usually recover without the need for any treatment or drinking plenty of water in the case of diarrhea. People with weakened immune systems may have to take anti-diarrheal medicine and constant rehydration measures especially for infants in which dehydration can be fatal. Prevention measures include washing hands often, avoiding water that may potentially be infected, and wash or peel fruits and vegetables before eating them. Please consult your doctor if you are experiencing any of the above-mentioned symptoms.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Cryptosporidiosis" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Cryptosporidiosis" returned 247 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Using Molecular Characterization to Support Investigations of Aquatic Facility-Associated Outbreaks of Cryptosporidiosis - Alabama, Arizona, and Ohio, 2016.
 

Author(s): Michele C Hlavsa, Dawn M Roellig, Matthew H Seabolt, Amy M Kahler, Jennifer L Murphy, Taishayla K McKitt, Evelyn F Geeter, Ron Dawsey, Sherri L Davidson, Thuy N Kim, Theresa H Tucker, Sally Ann Iverson, Brenna Garrett, Nicole Fowle, Jennifer Collins, Gregory Epperson, Scott Zusy, Joli R Weiss, Ken Komatsu, Edwin Rodriguez, J Gage Patterson, Rebecca Sunenshine, Brandi Taylor, Katie Cibulskas, Lynn Denny, Keoni Omura, Boris Tsorin, Kathleen E Fullerton, Lihua Xiao

Journal:

 

Cryptosporidiosis is a nationally notifiable gastrointestinal illness caused by parasitic protozoa of the genus Cryptosporidium, which can cause profuse, watery diarrhea that can last up to 2-3 weeks in immunocompetent patients and can lead to life-threatening wasting and malabsorption ...

Last Updated: 18 May 2017

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Early outbreak detection by linking health advice line calls to water distribution areas retrospectively demonstrated in a large waterborne outbreak of cryptosporidiosis in Sweden.
 

Author(s): Pär Bjelkmar, Anette Hansen, Caroline Schönning, Jakob Bergström, Margareta Löfdahl, Marianne Lebbad, Anders Wallensten, Görel Allestam, Stephan Stenmark, Johan Lindh

Journal:

 

In the winter and spring of 2011 a large outbreak of cryptosporidiosis occurred in Skellefteå municipality, Sweden. This study summarizes the outbreak investigation in terms of outbreak size, duration, clinical characteristics, possible source(s) and the potential for earlier detection ...

Last Updated: 19 Apr 2017

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A high-throughput phenotypic screen identifies clofazimine as a potential treatment for cryptosporidiosis.
 

Author(s): Melissa S Love, Federico C Beasley, Rajiv S Jumani, Timothy M Wright, Arnab K Chatterjee, Christopher D Huston, Peter G Schultz, Case W McNamara

Journal:

 

Cryptosporidiosis has emerged as a leading cause of non-viral diarrhea in children under five years of age in the developing world, yet the current standard of care to treat Cryptosporidium infections, nitazoxanide, demonstrates limited and immune-dependent efficacy. Given the lack ...

Last Updated: 3 Feb 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Cryptosporidiosis" returned 26 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Human cryptosporidiosis in Europe.
 

Author(s): S M Cacciò, R M Chalmers

Journal: Clin. Microbiol. Infect.. 2016 Jun;22(6):471-80.

 

Cryptosporidium has emerged as a significant cause of diarrhoeal disease worldwide, with severe health consequences for very young, malnourished children living in endemic areas and for individuals with highly impaired T-cell functions. In Europe, as elsewhere, the burden of disease ...

Last Updated: 1 Jul 2016

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Spatial Modelling Tools to Integrate Public Health and Environmental Science, Illustrated with Infectious Cryptosporidiosis.
 

Author(s): Aparna Lal

Journal:

 

Contemporary spatial modelling tools can help examine how environmental exposures such as climate and land use together with socio-economic factors sustain infectious disease transmission in humans. Spatial methods can account for interactions across global and local scales, geographic ...

Last Updated: 6 Feb 2016

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The evolution of respiratory Cryptosporidiosis: evidence for transmission by inhalation.
 

Author(s): Jerlyn K Sponseller, Jeffrey K Griffiths, Saul Tzipori

Journal: Clin. Microbiol. Rev.. 2014 Jul;27(3):575-86.

 

The protozoan parasite Cryptosporidium infects all major vertebrate groups and causes significant diarrhea in humans, with a spectrum of diseases ranging from asymptomatic to life-threatening. Children and immunodeficient individuals are disproportionately affected, especially in ...

Last Updated: 1 Jul 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Cryptosporidiosis and Enteropathogens in Bangladesh
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Cryptosporidiosis

 

Last Updated: 4 May 2016

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