Cryptosporidiosis

Common Name(s)

Cryptosporidiosis

Cryptosporidosis also known as "crypto" is an infection caused specifically by the parasite cryptosporidium found in soil, food and water. This infection affects the small intestines and is usually a temporary short-term infection. The infection is most commonly spread through swallowing the parasite by eating contaminated food or drinking water. The infection can affect anyone, however people with weakened immune systems, such as by having HIV/AIDs, experience much serious symptoms. The main symptom of cryptosporidiosis is diarrhea in people with normal immune systems. However, other symptoms include dehydration, weight loss, stomach cramps or pain, fever, nausea, and vomiting. Diagnosis is done through the examination of stool samples. People with normal healthy immune systems usually recover without the need for any treatment or drinking plenty of water in the case of diarrhea. People with weakened immune systems may have to take anti-diarrheal medicine and constant rehydration measures especially for infants in which dehydration can be fatal. Prevention measures include washing hands often, avoiding water that may potentially be infected, and wash or peel fruits and vegetables before eating them. Please consult your doctor if you are experiencing any of the above-mentioned symptoms.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Cryptosporidiosis" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Cryptosporidiosis" returned 272 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Notes from the field: cryptosporidiosis associated with consumption of unpasteurized goat milk - Idaho, 2014.
 

Author(s): Mariana Rosenthal, Randi Pedersen, Scott Leibsle, Vincent Hill, Kris Carter, Dawn M Roellig,

Journal: MMWR Morb. Mortal. Wkly. Rep.. 2015 Feb;64(7):194-5.

 

On August 27, 2014, the Idaho Department of Health and Welfare's Division of Public Health (DPH) was notified of two cases of cryptosporidiosis in siblings aged <3 years. Idaho's Southwest District Health (SWDH) investigated and found that both children had consumed raw (unpasteurized) ...

Last Updated: 27 Feb 2015

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Outbreak of cryptosporidiosis among responders to a rollover of a truck carrying calves - Kansas, April 2013.
 

Author(s): Lindsey Martin Webb, Sheri A Tubach, D Charles Hunt,

Journal: MMWR Morb. Mortal. Wkly. Rep.. 2014 Dec;63(50):1185-8.

 

In April 2013, the Thomas County Health Department notified the Kansas Department of Health and Environment's Infectious Disease Epidemiology and Response section (KDHE) of two cases of cryptosporidiosis among emergency responders to a tractor-trailer rollover. The truck was carrying ...

Last Updated: 19 Dec 2014

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Cryptosporidiosis - an occupational risk and a disregarded disease in Estonia.
 

Author(s): Brian Lassen, Marie Ståhl, Heidi L Enemark

Journal:

 

Cases of cryptosporidiosis have not been officially reported in Estonia after the year 2000, and the disease appears to be either under-diagnosed or under-reported.

Last Updated: 11 Jul 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Cryptosporidiosis" returned 22 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Waterborne outbreaks of cryptosporidiosis.
 

Author(s): Rachel M Chalmers

Journal: Ann. Ist. Super. Sanita. 2012 ;48(4):429-46.

 

Water is the most commonly reported vehicle of transmission in Cryptosporidium outbreaks. While mains drinking water quality is highly regulated in industrialised countries, treated recreational water venues remain highly variable and these have emerged as important settings in the ...

Last Updated: 18 Dec 2012

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Cryptosporidiosis: environmental, therapeutic, and preventive challenges.
 

Author(s): S Collinet-Adler, H D Ward

Journal: Eur. J. Clin. Microbiol. Infect. Dis.. 2010 Aug;29(8):927-35.

 

Cryptosporidium spp. are responsible for endemic and epidemic disease worldwide. Clinical manifestations may include acute, persistent, or chronic diarrhea, biliary, and pulmonary disease. Disease severity ranges from asymptomatic or mild to severe, intractable diarrhea with wasting ...

Last Updated: 29 Jul 2010

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Human immune responses in cryptosporidiosis.
 

Author(s): Anoli Borad, Honorine Ward

Journal: Future Microbiol. 2010 Mar;5(3):507-19.

 

Immune responses play a critical role in protection from, and resolution of, cryptosporidiosis. However, the nature of these responses, particularly in humans, is not completely understood. Both innate and adaptive immune responses are important. Innate immune responses may be mediated ...

Last Updated: 9 Mar 2010

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Trial of Ceramic Water Filters to Reduce Cryptosporidium Infection in Kenya
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Cryptosporidium; Cryptosporidiosis; Waterborne Disease; Diarrheal Disease

 

Last Updated: 18 Apr 2013

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Parasitic Infections of the Gastrointestinal Tract
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Amebiasis; Cryptosporidiosis; Giardiasis; Parasitic Disease; Parasitic Intestinal Disease; Gastrointestinal Helminth Infections

 

Last Updated: 11 Nov 2014

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