Conjoined Twins

Common Name(s)

Conjoined Twins

Conjoined twins are identical twins whose bodies are connected together. Conjoined twins form during development when the egg is fertilized and begins to separate to form twins but does not do so completely. This happens in 1 in 50,000 to 200,000 births, and the outcomes for conjoined twins vary depending on how their bodies are joined and which organs they share. In some cases, conjoined twins may be stillborn. In other cases, the twins may be surgically separated. Separation surgery can be difficult and have a number of risks, though some conjoined twins have been successfuly separated and have gone on to live normal lives. Some conjoined twins have survived while remaining connected, because separation surgery presented too many risks.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Conjoined Twins" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Conjoined Twins" returned 77 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Anaesthesia of conjoined twins - case series.
 

Author(s): Krzysztof Kobylarz

Journal: Anaesthesiol Intensive Ther. ;46(2):65-77.

 

As any complex surgical procedure, separation of conjoined twins requires complex anaesthesia management that is a prerequisite of performing the operation, while complex postoperative care is a decisive factor in the survival of the patients. The paper describes the anaesthetic management ...

Last Updated: 26 May 2014

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Parapagus (dicephalus, tetrabrachius, dipus) conjoined twins and their rehabilitation.
 

Author(s): Sibel Başaran, Rengin Güzel, Erbuğ Keskin, Tunay Sarpel

Journal: Turk. J. Pediatr.. ;55(1):99-103.

 

A case of female parapagus conjoined twins living as unseparated is presented in this report. The twins had two heads, four arms and two legs. As a result of their fusion, operative care had been considered to be unacceptable, and the family had refused to take care of them. At three ...

Last Updated: 22 May 2013

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Conjoined twins: twenty years' experience at a reference center in Brazil.
 

Author(s): Ana Cristina Aoun Tannuri, Julio Americo Pereira Batatinha, Manoel Carlos Prieto Velhote, Uenis Tannuri

Journal: Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2013 ;68(3):371-7.

 

This study reports on the experience of one hospital regarding the surgical aspects, anatomic investigation and outcomes of the management of 21 conjoined twin pairs over the past 20 years.

Last Updated: 6 May 2013

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Conjoined Twins" returned 9 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Intensive care of conjoined twins.
 

Author(s): Krzysztof Kobylarz

Journal: Anaesthesiol Intensive Ther. ;46(2):130-6.

 

Conjoined twinning is one of the most uncommon congenital anomalies. Maintenance in an intensive care setting during this time allows for close monitoring, stabilisation, and nutritional supplementation of the infants as necessary to optimise preoperative growth and development. The ...

Last Updated: 26 May 2014

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Anaesthesia of conjoined twins.
 

Author(s): Krzysztof Kobylarz

Journal: Anaesthesiol Intensive Ther. ;46(2):124-9.

 

Conjoined twins have been a source of fascination to the public and the medical profession for centuries. Their birth was initially viewed as an ominous sign of impending disaster. Since Middle Ages into the 19th century they were regarded as monstrosities and were exhibited at circuses ...

Last Updated: 26 May 2014

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History of treatment of conjoined twins.
 

Author(s): Krzysztof Kobylarz

Journal: Anaesthesiol Intensive Ther. ;46(2):116-23.

 

This paper presents a history of the treatment of conjoined twins. The first mention of this malformation comes from the Neolithic period. Conjoined twins were depicted in mythologies of ancient peoples. The present paper focuses on the theories of formation of Siamese twins and attempts ...

Last Updated: 26 May 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

There are currently no open clinical trials for this condition.