Congenital torticollis

Common Name(s)

Congenital torticollis

Congenital torticollis is a condition in which a baby is born with its head tilted and has a limited range of motion in the head and neck. Congenital torticollis occurs because the baby's neck muscles are shortened, pulling the head in one direction and limiting the ability to move it. This may be a result of "crowding" in the uterus, limiting the baby's ability to move and fully develop. It may also occur when they baby is coming through the birth canal, especially if in a breech position (i.e. pelvis first, instead of head first).

Signs that a child has congenital torticollis may include having his or her head tilted to one side and the chin tilted toward the opposite side. In most children with congenital torticollis, the head will be tilted toward the right, indicating that the muscles on the right side of the neck are affected. The baby will also have inability or difficulty to move the head. This condition may cause lumps on the baby’s neck, but this often goes away before the first year of life. Usually, the mother or guardian notices the condition first. The doctor will run a few tests including a physical exam and X-rays to rule out other conditions that may cause the head to tilt. The doctor will also likely ask about the birth, and examine the baby’s hips because children with congenital torticollis often have hip dysplasia as well (See: Hip dysplasia).

This condition is treatable and may or may not require surgery. Nonsurgical treatment involves neck exercises to stretch the muscles. If this treatment does not re-align the neck and head as desired, then surgery may be necessary. Approximately 10% of children with congenital torticollis require surgery to correct the condition. Talk to your child's doctor if you think your child may have congenital torticollis to discuss the most current treatment options.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Congenital torticollis" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Congenital torticollis" returned 12 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Integrative analysis of congenital muscular torticollis: from gene expression to clinical significance.
 

Author(s): Shin-Young Yim, Dukyong Yoon, Myong Chul Park, Il Jae Lee, Jang-Hee Kim, Myung Ae Lee, Kyu-Sung Kwack, Jan-Dee Lee, Jeong-Hun Lee, Euy-Young Soh, Young-In Na, Rae Woong Park, KiYoung Lee, Jae-Bum Jun

Journal: BMC Med Genomics. 2013 ;6 Suppl 2():S10.

 

Congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) is characterized by thickening and/or tightness of the unilateral sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM), ending up with torticollis. Our aim was to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and novel protein interaction network modules of CMT, ...

Last Updated: 3 Jul 2013

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The value of high-frequency and color Doppler ultrasonography in diagnosing congenital muscular torticollis.
 

Author(s): Lei Wang, Lingyan Zhang, Yuanjiao Tang, Li Qiu

Journal:

 

Congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) is a relatively common neck deformity in infancy. The aim of our research was to determine the value of high-frequency and color Doppler ultrasonography in diagnosing CMT.

Last Updated: 2 Nov 2012

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Assessment of follow-up sonography and clinical improvement among infants with congenital muscular torticollis.
 

Author(s): H-J Park, S S Kim, S-Y Lee, Y-T Lee, K Yoon, E-C Chung, M-H Rho, H-J Kwag

Journal: AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2013 Apr;34(4):890-4.

 

Infants grow rapidly, which causes the SCM to thicken physiologically. Therefore some cases of physiologically-thickened SCM can be confused with a poor response to physical therapy. There have been only a few quantitative ultrasonographic studies on the clinical outcome of rehabilitation ...

Last Updated: 11 Apr 2013

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

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The terms "Congenital torticollis" returned 0 free, full-text review articles on human participants.

 
 
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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Newborn Head Molding and Later Asymmetries
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Plagiocephaly

 

Last Updated: 16 Nov 2014

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