Chondroma

Common Name(s)

Chondroma

Chondroma is a noncancerous (benign) tumor made up of cartilage, most often found in the small bones in the hands and feet. Occassionally the tumor may also present in the upper arm bone, thigh bone and ribs and rarely in the pelvis and shoulder. These tumors typically do not produce symptoms and usually stop growing when the child's bones reach full growth.

There are two categories of chondromas. Echondromas are found in the middle of the bone and periosteal chondromas grow at the bone’s surface. There are often no symptoms for echondroma, but they can include higher risk of fractures and pain and swelling. They affect boys and girls equally and are often not found until the 30's or 40's. Periosteal chondromas are extremely rare and more likely to produce symptoms and thus are often diagnosed earlier. Symptoms include aches, swelling, and a mass that you can detect, but symptoms. Unfortunately, the cause of these chondromas is unknown.

Chondromas, when found early, should be monitored for growth. If it continues to grow after the bones have reached maturity, the tumors can become cancerous. Chondromas of the shoulder and pelvis are more likely to become cancerous whereas those in the hands and feet rarely do. Chondromas can be diagnosed by x-rays, MRIs, CTs, and bone scans. If the tumor is interfering with normal bone structure, it can be surgically removed or scraped. It is critical to consult a doctor if you suspect you have chondromas. Long-term outlook is dependent upon the extent of the bone disease, the size and location of the tumor, age of onset and whether or not it has become cancerous. There are also support groups to reach out to for additional support.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Chondroma" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Chondroma" returned 45 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Chondroma of the falx cerebri.
 

Author(s): Pedro Tadao Hamamoto Filho, Antonio Tadeu de Souza Faleiros, Michell Frank Alves de Oliveira, Marco Antônio Zanini, Maria Aparecida Marchesan Rodrigues

Journal: Rev Assoc Med Bras. ;61(1):17-8.

 

Last Updated: 27 Apr 2015

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Primary spinal extraosseous cervical chondroma in an adult.
 

Author(s): Amol Raheja, Sachin A Borkar, Aasma Nalwa, Vaishali Suri

Journal: Neurol India. ;63(1):114-6.

 

Last Updated: 10 Mar 2015

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A giant periosteal chondroma of the distal femur successfully reconstructed with synthetic bone grafts and a bioresorbable plate: a case report.
 

Author(s): Yoshinori Imura, Atsuo Shigi, Hidetatsu Outani, Kenichiro Hamada, Hiromi Tamura, Eiichi Morii, Akira Myoui, Hideki Yoshikawa, Norifumi Naka

Journal:

 

Periosteal chondromas are rare benign cartilaginous tumors that arise adjacent to the cortex beneath the periosteum. These lesions are usually slow-growing and rarely exceed 3 cm in the greatest dimension. Here, we describe a 17-year-old boy who had a giant periosteal chondroma of ...

Last Updated: 29 Nov 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Chondroma" returned 3 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Periosteal chondroma of the clavicle: case report and review of the literature.
 

Author(s): Abdullah S Al-Qudah, Hamdi M Abu-Ali, Maysa A Al-Hussaini, Islam M Massad

Journal: Int J Surg. 2009 Apr;7(2):140-1.

 

Periosteal chondromas (juxtacortical chondromas), are slow growing, rare cartilaginous lesion that arises adjacent to the cortex beneath the periosteum. They occur more in males in their 20s. We report a rare case of periosteal chondroma arising from the left clavicle of a 56 year ...

Last Updated: 20 Apr 2009

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Large chondroma of the dural convexity in a patient with Noonan's syndrome. Case report and review of the literature.
 

Author(s): P D Delgado-López, V Martín-Velasco, A M Galacho-Harriero, J M Castilla-Díez, A Rodríguez-Salazar, C Echevarría-Iturbe

Journal: Neurocirugia (Astur). 2007 Jun;18(3):241-6.

 

Intracranial chondromas are extremely rare intracranial tumours that usually arise from the skull base synchondrosis. Exceptionally, they may grow from cartilage rests within the dura mater of the convexity or the falx. They may be part of Ollier's multiple enchondromatosis or Maffuci's ...

Last Updated: 11 Jul 2007

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Intracranial chondroma.
 

Author(s): R D Brownlee, R J Sevick, N B Rewcastle, B I Tranmer

Journal: AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1997 May;18(5):889-93.

 

Last Updated: 19 Aug 1997

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

There are currently no open clinical trials for this condition.