Cholera

Common Name(s)

Cholera

Cholera is caused by an infection of the intestine by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. The illness is often mild or without symptoms, but can sometimes be severe, with symptoms typically appearing in 2-3 days. Severe symptoms are characterized by vomiting, profuse diarrhea, and leg cramps. Rapid loss of body fluids in severe cases can lead to dehydration, shock, and death within hours if left untreated. Cholera can be contracted from drinking or eating contaminated food or water. Cholera can spread quickly in areas that have poor treatment of sewage and drinking water, poor sanitation, and poor hygiene. Medical attention should be found immediately for those who think they may have cholera.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Cholera" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Cholera" returned 1283 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The importance of thinking beyond the water-supply in cholera epidemics: A historical urban case-study.
 

Author(s): Matthew D Phelps, Andrew S Azman, Joseph A Lewnard, Marina Antillón, Lone Simonsen, Viggo Andreasen, Peter K M Jensen, Virginia E Pitzer

Journal:

 

Planning interventions to respond to cholera epidemics requires an understanding of the major transmission routes. Interrupting short-cycle (household, foodborne) transmission may require different approaches as compared long-cycle (environmentally-mediated/waterborne) transmission. ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Laboratory evaluation of immunochromatographic rapid diagnostic tests for cholera in Haiti.
 

Author(s): Wilfredo R Matias, Fabrice E Julceus, Cademil Abelard, Leslie M Mayo-Smith, Molly F Franke, Jason B Harris, Louise C Ivers

Journal:

 

Rapid diagnostic tests (RDT) for cholera are promising tools for detecting cholera in areas with limited laboratory infrastructure. However, evidence on the characteristics of the many available RDTs is scarce, and their use has been limited by suboptimal performance. We evaluated ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Cholera in Yemen - An Old Foe Rearing Its Ugly Head.
 

Author(s): Firdausi Qadri, Taufiqul Islam, John D Clemens

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2017 Nov;377(21):2005-2007.

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Cholera" returned 72 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Protection against cholera from killed whole-cell oral cholera vaccines: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Qifang Bi, Eva Ferreras, Lorenzo Pezzoli, Dominique Legros, Louise C Ivers, Kashmira Date, Firdausi Qadri, Laura Digilio, David A Sack, Mohammad Ali, Justin Lessler, Francisco J Luquero, Andrew S Azman,

Journal: Lancet Infect Dis. 2017 Oct;17(10):1080-1088.

 

Killed whole-cell oral cholera vaccines (kOCVs) are becoming a standard cholera control and prevention tool. However, vaccine efficacy and direct effectiveness estimates have varied, with differences in study design, location, follow-up duration, and vaccine composition posing challenges ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Pandemics, pathogenicity and changing molecular epidemiology of cholera in the era of global warming.
 

Author(s): Fazle Rabbi Chowdhury, Zannatun Nur, Nazia Hassan, Lorenz von Seidlein, Susanna Dunachie

Journal:

 

Vibrio cholerae, a Gram-negative, non-spore forming curved rod is found in diverse aquatic ecosystems around the planet. It is classified according to its major surface antigen into around 206 serogroups, of which O1 and O139 cause epidemic cholera. A recent spatial modelling technique ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Oral Cholera Vaccination Delivery Cost in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: An Analysis Based on Systematic Review.
 

Author(s): Vittal Mogasale, Enusa Ramani, Hyeseung Wee, Jerome H Kim

Journal:

 

Use of the oral cholera vaccine (OCV) is a vital short-term strategy to control cholera in endemic areas with poor water and sanitation infrastructure. Identifying, estimating, and categorizing the delivery costs of OCV campaigns are useful in analyzing cost-effectiveness, understanding ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Effect of Extended Dose Intervals on the Immune Response to Oral Cholera Vaccine
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Cholera; Vibrio Cholerae Infection

 

Last Updated: 14 Dec 2017

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Last Updated: 10 Aug 2016

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