Childhood Cancer

Common Name(s)

Childhood Cancer, Cancer, Childhood

In the United States, on average 1 to 2 out of 10,000 children develop cancer each year. The most common types of childhood cancer are leukemia (blood cell cancer) and brain cancers. Although no single cause of childhood cancer exists, some risk factors include, environmental factors, maternal medical conditions during pregnancy, maternal diet during pregnancy, fertility drugs, family history of childhood cancer or genetic susceptibility. A small percentage of cases are associated with Down syndrome, other specific chromosomal and genetic abnormalities. Childhood cancer is currently the leading cause of death by disease among U.S. children ages 1 to 14. Although the overall number of cases has increased over the past 30 years, mortality rates have decreased by more than half for childhood cancers.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Childhood Cancer" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
American Childhood Cancer Organization

Our mission is to provide information, support, and awareness for children and adolescents with cancer and their families, to advocate for their needs, and to support research so every child survives and leads a long and healthy life.

Last Updated: 28 Apr 2010

View Details
Association P.A.V.E.L.

Association P.A.V.E.L. ((“Primind Ajutor Viaţa Este Luminoasǎ”) is the of the association of the parents whose children suffer of cancer, leukemia and grave anemia. Its mission is to improve the lives of children and young people with cancer, leukemia or grave anemia by providing information, moral, psychological and material support and also to sustain the oncologic and hematologic pediatrics clinics.

Last Updated: 9 Apr 2014

View Details
Logo
CURE Childhood Cancer

CURE Childhood Cancer is dedicated to conquering childhood cancer through funding targeted research and through support of patients and their families. - See more at: http://www.curechildhoodcancer.org/about-cure/cures-mission-vision/#sthash.DuDMkUrA.dpuf

Last Updated: 20 Jul 2014

View Details
International WAGR Syndrome Association

Our mission is to promote international knowledge and awareness of WAGR syndrome and its complications and treatments, to stimulate research and to reach out to those affected by WAGR syndrome in an effort to improve their lives.

Last Updated: 12 Dec 2012

View Details
Logo
Oklahoma Family Network

To Provide emotional, informational and navigational support to those who have special health care needs or a disability, their families and the professionals who serve them. OFN promotes family/professional partnerships and family-centered care, assuring services are offered as recipients prefer..

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2013

View Details
Stupid Cancer

Founded by and for young adult survivors, the I'm Too Young For This! Cancer Foundation (i[2]y), is the nation's leading grassroots advocate for the next generation of cancer survivors and their caregivers in their late teens, 20s and 30s. A TIME Magazine Best 50 Website, we have helped bring the cause of 'young adult cancer' to the national spotlight and rallied a brand new generation of activists to give voice to our forgotten population. Our mission is to empower young adults affected by cancer.

Last Updated: 6 Nov 2012

View Details
Logo
The National Children's Cancer Society

The mission of The National Children's Cancer Society is to improve the quality of life for children with cancer and their families worldwide. We serve as a financial, emotional and educational resource for those in need at every stage of illness and recovery. In the United States, we ease the financial burdens that accompany major illness, give crucial support and address the challenges of survivorship. Abroad, we provide lifesaving pharmaceutical drugs and medical supplies to facilities that treat children with cancer.

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Childhood Cancer" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
American Childhood Cancer Organization

Our mission is to provide information, support, and awareness for children and adolescents with cancer and their families, to advocate for their needs, and to support research so every child survives and leads a long and healthy life.

http://www.acco.org

Last Updated: 28 Apr 2010

View Details
Association P.A.V.E.L.

Association P.A.V.E.L. ((“Primind Ajutor Viaţa Este Luminoasǎ”) is the of the association of the parents whose children suffer of cancer, leukemia and grave anemia. Its mission is to improve the lives of children and young people with cancer, leukemia or grave anemia by providing information, moral, psychological and material support and also to sustain the oncologic and hematologic pediatrics clinics.

http://www.asociatiapavel.ro

Last Updated: 9 Apr 2014

View Details
Logo
CURE Childhood Cancer

CURE Childhood Cancer is dedicated to conquering childhood cancer through funding targeted research and through support of patients and their families. - See more at: http://www.curechildhoodcancer.org/about-cure/cures-mission-vision/#sthash.DuDMkUrA.dpuf

http://www.curechildhoodcancer.org

Last Updated: 20 Jul 2014

View Details
International WAGR Syndrome Association

Our mission is to promote international knowledge and awareness of WAGR syndrome and its complications and treatments, to stimulate research and to reach out to those affected by WAGR syndrome in an effort to improve their lives.

http://www.wagr.org

Last Updated: 12 Dec 2012

View Details
Logo
Oklahoma Family Network

To Provide emotional, informational and navigational support to those who have special health care needs or a disability, their families and the professionals who serve them. OFN promotes family/professional partnerships and family-centered care, assuring services are offered as recipients prefer..

http://www.oklahomafamilynetwork.org

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2013

View Details
Stupid Cancer

Founded by and for young adult survivors, the I'm Too Young For This! Cancer Foundation (i[2]y), is the nation's leading grassroots advocate for the next generation of cancer survivors and their caregivers in their late teens, 20s and 30s. A TIME Magazine Best 50 Website, we have helped bring the cause of 'young adult cancer' to the national spotlight and rallied a brand new generation of activists to give voice to our forgotten population. Our mission is to empower young adults affected by cancer.

http://stupidcancer.org

Last Updated: 6 Nov 2012

View Details
Logo
The National Children's Cancer Society

The mission of The National Children's Cancer Society is to improve the quality of life for children with cancer and their families worldwide. We serve as a financial, emotional and educational resource for those in need at every stage of illness and recovery. In the United States, we ease the financial burdens that accompany major illness, give crucial support and address the challenges of survivorship. Abroad, we provide lifesaving pharmaceutical drugs and medical supplies to facilities that treat children with cancer.

http://www.thenccs.org

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Childhood Cancer" returned 713 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Factors related to decreased bone mineral density in childhood cancer survivors.
 

Author(s): Yun Jung Choi, Sun Young Park, Won Kyoung Cho, Jae Wook Lee, Kyoung Soon Cho, So Hyun Park, Seung Hoon Hahn, Min Ho Jung, Nack Gyun Chung, Bin Cho, Byung Kyu Suh, Hack Ki Kim

Journal: J. Korean Med. Sci.. 2013 Nov;28(11):1632-8.

 

The risk of osteoporosis or osteopenia is known to increase after childhood cancer treatment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate patterns of bone mineral density (BMD) and to identify factors related to the decreased BMD in childhood cancer survivors. We studied 78 patients ...

Last Updated: 22 Nov 2013

Go To URL
Partnership for health-2, a web-based versus print smoking cessation intervention for childhood and young adult cancer survivors: randomized comparative effectiveness study.
 

Author(s): Karen M Emmons, Elaine Puleo, Kim Sprunck-Harrild, Jennifer Ford, Jamie S Ostroff, David Hodgson, Mark Greenberg, Lisa Diller, Janet de Moor, Vida Tyc

Journal:

 

Smoking among cancer survivors increases the risk of late effects and second cancers. This article reports on Partnership for Health-2 (PFH-2)-an effort to develop an effective and scalable version of Partnership for Health (PFH), which was a previously tested peer-delivered telephone ...

Last Updated: 7 Nov 2013

Go To URL
Assessment of corticosteroid-induced osteonecrosis in children undergoing chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a report from the Japanese Childhood Cancer and Leukemia Study Group.
 

Author(s): Nobuyuki Hyakuna, Yasuto Shimomura, Arata Watanabe, Takashi Taga, Atsushi Kikuta, Takeji Matsushita, Kazuhiro Kogawa, Chihiro Kawakami, Yasuo Horikoshi, Tsuyako Iwai, Yasuhiro Okamoto, Masahito Tsurusawa, Keiko Asami,

Journal: J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol.. 2014 Jan;36(1):22-9.

 

Steroid-induced osteonecrosis (ON) is a challenging complication encountered during modern chemotherapy for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). We retrospectively assessed the incidence of ON and its risk factors in a total of 1095 patients enrolled in 3 consecutive Japanese ...

Last Updated: 18 Dec 2013

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Childhood Cancer" returned 97 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Late effects of treatment of childhood cancer - on the basis of the literature and own experience].
 

Author(s): Maryna Krawczuk-Rybak

Journal: Med Wieku Rozwoj. ;17(2):130-6.

 

This review summarizes the different late effects of childhood cancer treatment: the epidemiology, risk factors, symptoms and monitoring of cardiovascular disease, pulmonary dysfunction, endocrinopathies, growth disorders, hypogonadism and infertility, as well as the second cancers ...

Last Updated: 30 Aug 2013

Go To URL
[Impact of childhood cancer for family caregivers: integrative review].
 

Author(s): Daniela Doulavince Amador, Isabelle Pimentel Gomes, Altamira Pereira da Silva Reichert, Neusa Collet

Journal: Rev Bras Enferm. ;66(2):264-70.

 

This is an integrative review that aimed to identify the repercussions of childhood cancer for the family caregiver. The research was done in the databases LILACS, PubMed, SciELO, Adolec and Cochrane, searching articles in English, Portuguese and Spanish; published between 2005 and ...

Last Updated: 7 Jun 2013

Go To URL
Exposure to chemicals and radiation during childhood and risk for cancer later in life.
 

Author(s): David O Carpenter, Sheila Bushkin-Bedient

Journal: J Adolesc Health. 2013 May;52(5 Suppl):S21-9.

 

Many chemical carcinogens are in food, water, air, household products, and personal care products. Although genetic susceptibility is an important factor in how an individual responds to exposure to a carcinogen, heritable genetic factors alone account for only a minor portion of cancer rates.

Last Updated: 22 Apr 2013

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Protocol For Collecting Data On Patients With Childhood Cancer
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Childhood Cancer

 

Last Updated: 19 Jun 2014

Go to URL
Vascular Assessment in Adult Survivors of Childhood Cancer
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Cardiovascular Risk; Pediatric Cancer

 

Last Updated: 12 Jun 2014

Go to URL
Pilot Study of Perindopril in Childhood Cancer Survivors
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Childhood Cancer Survivors

 

Last Updated: 20 Sep 2013

Go to URL