Heart Disease

Common Name(s)

Heart Disease

Heart disease, also known as cardiovascular disease, is a term that describes a range of conditions that affect the heart. Diseases that affect the heart’s muscle (cardiomyopathy), rhythm (arrhythmia), structure (congenital heart defect), or blood vessels (coronary artery disease) are all forms of heart disease. Symptoms of heart disease depend on the specific condition. A weak heart muscle may cause fatigue, dizziness, and swelling of the legs, ankles and feet. Symptoms of an abnormal heart rhythm may include chest pain, dizziness, shortness of breath, or a racing or slow heartbeat. Individuals who were born with an abnormality in the structure of the heart may experience swelling in the legs or abdomen, pale or blue skin color, or shortness of breath. Chest pain, shortness of breath, and pain in the legs, arms, neck, jaw, or throat may be a result of heart disease in the blood vessels.

There are many causes of heart disease, depending on the specific form. There are also a few factors that can increase the risk for heart problems. These factors include older age, poor diet, high blood pressure, smoking, a family history of heart disease, stress, obesity, diabetes, high cholesterol levels, and poor hygiene. Doctors use a combination of tests and exams to diagnose heart disease. These tests may include a medical history, a family history, a physical exam, blood tests, an assessment of heart rhythm using electrical signals (electrocardiogram or ECG), and an ultrasound image of your heart (echocardiogram). Lifestyle changes, such as exercising more, eating a healthy diet, or quitting smoking may decrease the risk for heart disease. Some forms of heart disease require treatment with medication, surgery or other medical procedures. Emergency medical attention is recommended for symptoms of chest pain, fatigue or fainting in association with heart disease. Talk with your doctor to decide which treatment option is best for you.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Heart Disease" for support, advocacy or research.

Hepatitis Foundation International

Hepatitis Foundation International is dedicated to promoting wellness and healthy lifestyles for all individuals in order to reduce the incidence of preventable diseases that affect the liver’s health including: obesity, diabetes, fatty liver, high cholesterol, cardiovascular disease, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and substance abuse. We inform, educate, and empower by making available reliable and up-to-date information.

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2015

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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Mended Hearts, Inc.

Our mission is dedicated to “Inspiring hope and improving the quality of life for heart patients and their families through ongoing peer-to-peer support”.

Last Updated: 11 Mar 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Heart Disease" for support, advocacy or research.

Hepatitis Foundation International

Hepatitis Foundation International is dedicated to promoting wellness and healthy lifestyles for all individuals in order to reduce the incidence of preventable diseases that affect the liver’s health including: obesity, diabetes, fatty liver, high cholesterol, cardiovascular disease, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and substance abuse. We inform, educate, and empower by making available reliable and up-to-date information.

http://www.HepatitisFoundation.org

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2015

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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Mended Hearts, Inc.

Our mission is dedicated to “Inspiring hope and improving the quality of life for heart patients and their families through ongoing peer-to-peer support”.

http://www.mendedhearts.org

Last Updated: 11 Mar 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Heart Disease" returned 9118 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The impact of health-related quality of life on the incidence of ischaemic heart disease and stroke; a cohort study in an Iranian population.
 

Author(s): Yahya Dadjou, Mohammad Kermani-Alghoraishi, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Mohammad Talaei, Alireza Yousefy, Shahram Oveisgharan, Hamidreza Roohafza, Katayoun Rabiei, Nizal Sarrafzadegan

Journal: Acta Cardiol. 2016 Apr;71(2):221-6.

 

The aim of study was to evaluate the impact of health-related quality of life (QoL) on the occurrence of ischaemic heart disease (IHD) and stroke using a validated questionnaire.

Last Updated: 19 Apr 2016

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HEART DISEASE. Throttling back the heart's molecular motor.
 

Author(s): David M Warshaw

Journal: Science. 2016 Feb;351(6273):556-7.

 

Last Updated: 25 Feb 2016

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Carvedilol, Bisoprolol, and Metoprolol Use in Patients With Coexistent Heart Failure and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.
 

Author(s): Vincent Yi-Fong Su, Yu-Sheng Chang, Yu-Wen Hu, Man-Hsin Hung, Shuo-Ming Ou, Fa-Yauh Lee, Kun-Ta Chou, Kuang-Yao Yang, Diahn-Warng Perng, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Chia-Jen Liu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Feb;95(5):e2427.

 

Beta (β)-blockers are under-prescribed in patients with heart failure (HF) and concurrent chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) due to concerns about adverse pulmonary effects and a poor understanding of the effects of these drugs. We aimed to evaluate the survival effects ...

Last Updated: 5 Feb 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Heart Disease" returned 1298 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Cellular and molecular basis of RV hypertrophy in congenital heart disease.
 

Author(s): D Iacobazzi, M-S Suleiman, M Ghorbel, S J George, M Caputo, R M Tulloh

Journal: Heart. 2016 Jan;102(1):12-7.

 

RV hypertrophy (RVH) is one of the triggers of RV failure in congenital heart disease (CHD). Therefore, improving our understanding of the cellular and molecular basis of this pathology will help in developing strategic therapeutic interventions to enhance patient benefit in the future. ...

Last Updated: 15 Dec 2015

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[The Stem-Cell Application in Ischemic Heart Disease: Basic Principles, Specifics and Practical Experience from Clinical Studies].
 

Author(s): Marko Banović, Slobodan Obradović, Branko Beleslin

Journal: Srp Arh Celok Lek. ;143(7-8):487-93.

 

Longer life duration, different clinical presentations of coronary disease, as well as high incidence of comorbidity in patients with ischemic heart disease have led to an increase in the incidence of ischemic heart failure. Despite numerous and new treatment methods that act on different ...

Last Updated: 28 Oct 2015

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Diagnostic Value of Fetal Echocardiography for Congenital Heart Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
 

Author(s): Ya-Fei Zhang, Xian-Ling Zeng, En-Fa Zhao, Hong-Wei Lu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2015 Oct;94(42):e1759.

 

Prenatal diagnosis of fetal congenital heart disease (CHD) has been shown to have a significant effect on prenatal and postnatal management and outcomes. However, the factors influencing the diagnostic accuracy and which pregnant trimester is the most adaptive for fetal heart disease ...

Last Updated: 27 Oct 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

The Genetic Basis of Acquired Heart Disease in Africa
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Rheumatic Heart Disease; Rheumatic Fever; Endomyocardial Fibrosis; Acquired Heart Disease

 

Last Updated: 11 May 2016

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The Genetic Basis of Congenital Heart Disease in Africa
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Congenital Heart Disease; Heart Disease

 

Last Updated: 11 May 2016

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Erythropoietin to Prevent Unnecessary Transfusions In The Patients With Cyanotic Congenital Heart Disease - A Prospective Control Trial
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Cyanotic Congenital Heart Disease; Anemia; Cyanosis; Congenital Heart Disease

 

Last Updated: 21 Jun 2016

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