Heart Disease

Common Name(s)

Heart Disease

Heart disease, also known as cardiovascular disease, is a term that describes a range of conditions that affect the heart. Diseases that affect the heart’s muscle (cardiomyopathy), rhythm (arrhythmia), structure (congenital heart defect), or blood vessels (coronary artery disease) are all forms of heart disease. Symptoms of heart disease depend on the specific condition. A weak heart muscle may cause fatigue, dizziness, and swelling of the legs, ankles and feet. Symptoms of an abnormal heart rhythm may include chest pain, dizziness, shortness of breath, or a racing or slow heartbeat. Individuals who were born with an abnormality in the structure of the heart may experience swelling in the legs or abdomen, pale or blue skin color, or shortness of breath. Chest pain, shortness of breath, and pain in the legs, arms, neck, jaw, or throat may be a result of heart disease in the blood vessels.

There are many causes of heart disease, depending on the specific form. There are also a few factors that can increase the risk for heart problems. These factors include older age, poor diet, high blood pressure, smoking, a family history of heart disease, stress, obesity, diabetes, high cholesterol levels, and poor hygiene. Doctors use a combination of tests and exams to diagnose heart disease. These tests may include a medical history, a family history, a physical exam, blood tests, an assessment of heart rhythm using electrical signals (electrocardiogram or ECG), and an ultrasound image of your heart (echocardiogram). Lifestyle changes, such as exercising more, eating a healthy diet, or quitting smoking may decrease the risk for heart disease. Some forms of heart disease require treatment with medication, surgery or other medical procedures. Emergency medical attention is recommended for symptoms of chest pain, fatigue or fainting in association with heart disease. Talk with your doctor to decide which treatment option is best for you.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Heart Disease" for support, advocacy or research.

Hepatitis Foundation International

Hepatitis Foundation International is dedicated to promoting wellness and healthy lifestyles for all individuals in order to reduce the incidence of preventable diseases that affect the liver’s health including: obesity, diabetes, fatty liver, high cholesterol, cardiovascular disease, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and substance abuse. We inform, educate, and empower by making available reliable and up-to-date information.

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2015

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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Mended Hearts, Inc.

Our mission is dedicated to “Inspiring hope and improving the quality of life for heart patients and their families through ongoing peer-to-peer support”.

Last Updated: 11 Mar 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Heart Disease" for support, advocacy or research.

Hepatitis Foundation International

Hepatitis Foundation International is dedicated to promoting wellness and healthy lifestyles for all individuals in order to reduce the incidence of preventable diseases that affect the liver’s health including: obesity, diabetes, fatty liver, high cholesterol, cardiovascular disease, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and substance abuse. We inform, educate, and empower by making available reliable and up-to-date information.

http://www.HepatitisFoundation.org

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2015

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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Mended Hearts, Inc.

Our mission is dedicated to “Inspiring hope and improving the quality of life for heart patients and their families through ongoing peer-to-peer support”.

http://www.mendedhearts.org

Last Updated: 11 Mar 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Heart Disease" returned 8943 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Treatment and Patient Reported Outcome in Children with Hirschsprung Disease and Concomitant Congenital Heart Disease.
 

Author(s): Johan Hasserius, Josefine Hedbys, Christina Graneli, Kristine Hagelsteen, Pernilla Stenström

Journal: Biomed Res Int. 2017 ;2017():1703483.

 

Purpose. Congenital heart disease (CHD) is reported to be associated with Hirschsprung disease (HD). The aim was to evaluate any differences between children with HD with and without CHD, respectively, with regard to patient characteristics, medical care, and patient reported bowel ...

Last Updated: 4 Apr 2017

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The effect of a smartphone-based coronary heart disease prevention (SBCHDP) programme on awareness and knowledge of CHD, stress, and cardiac-related lifestyle behaviours among the working population in Singapore: a pilot randomised controlled trial.
 

Author(s): Hui Zhang, Ying Jiang, Hoang D Nguyen, Danny Chiang Choon Poo, Wenru Wang

Journal:

 

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the most prevalent type of cardiac disease among adults worldwide, including those in Singapore. Most of its risk factors, such as smoking, physical inactivity and high blood pressure, are preventable. mHealth has improved in the last decade, showing ...

Last Updated: 14 Mar 2017

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Usage of 3D models of tetralogy of Fallot for medical education: impact on learning congenital heart disease.
 

Author(s): Yue-Hin Loke, Ashraf S Harahsheh, Axel Krieger, Laura J Olivieri

Journal:

 

Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common human birth defect, and clinicians need to understand the anatomy to effectively care for patients with CHD. However, standard two-dimensional (2D) display methods do not adequately carry the critical spatial information to reflect ...

Last Updated: 12 Mar 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Heart Disease" returned 1294 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Tumor necrosis factor-alpha gene polymorphisms and susceptibility to ischemic heart disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Peng Zhang, Xiaomei Wu, Guangxiao Li, Qiao He, Huixu Dai, Cong Ai, Jingpu Shi

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Apr;96(14):e6569.

 

A number of studies had reported the association between tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) gene polymorphisms and ischemic heart disease (IHD) risk. However, the results remained controversial. Therefore, we performed a systematic review with multiple meta-analyses to provide the ...

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2017

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Renin angiotensin system inhibitors for patients with stable coronary artery disease without heart failure: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized trials.
 

Author(s): Sripal Bangalore, Robert Fakheri, Simon Wandel, Bora Toklu, Jasmin Wandel, Franz H Messerli

Journal:

 

 To critically evaluate the efficacy of renin angiotensin system inhibitors (RASi) in patients with coronary artery disease without heart failure, compared with active controls or placebo.

Last Updated: 20 Jan 2017

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Acyanotic congenital heart disease and transesophageal echocardiography.
 

Author(s): Rupa Sreedhar

Journal: Ann Card Anaesth. 2017 Jan;20(Supplement):S36-S42.

 

The spectrum of congenital heart disease (CHD) seen in the adult varies widely. Malformations range from mild anomalies requiring no intervention to extremely complex pathologies characterized by the presence of multiple coexistent defects. Echocardiography represents the primary ...

Last Updated: 11 Jan 2017

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 24 Jan 2017

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Exercise Training in Grown-up Congenital Heart Disease
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Congenital Heart Disease

 

Last Updated: 6 Jul 2016

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The Genetic Basis of Congenital Heart Disease in Africa
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Congenital Heart Disease; Heart Disease

 

Last Updated: 21 Apr 2017

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