Heart Disease

Common Name(s)

Heart Disease

Heart disease, also known as cardiovascular disease, is a term that describes a range of conditions that affect the heart. Diseases that affect the heart’s muscle (cardiomyopathy), rhythm (arrhythmia), structure (congenital heart defect), or blood vessels (coronary artery disease) are all forms of heart disease. Symptoms of heart disease depend on the specific condition. A weak heart muscle may cause fatigue, dizziness, and swelling of the legs, ankles and feet. Symptoms of an abnormal heart rhythm may include chest pain, dizziness, shortness of breath, or a racing or slow heartbeat. Individuals who were born with an abnormality in the structure of the heart may experience swelling in the legs or abdomen, pale or blue skin color, or shortness of breath. Chest pain, shortness of breath, and pain in the legs, arms, neck, jaw, or throat may be a result of heart disease in the blood vessels.

There are many causes of heart disease, depending on the specific form. There are also a few factors that can increase the risk for heart problems. These factors include older age, poor diet, high blood pressure, smoking, a family history of heart disease, stress, obesity, diabetes, high cholesterol levels, and poor hygiene. Doctors use a combination of tests and exams to diagnose heart disease. These tests may include a medical history, a family history, a physical exam, blood tests, an assessment of heart rhythm using electrical signals (electrocardiogram or ECG), and an ultrasound image of your heart (echocardiogram). Lifestyle changes, such as exercising more, eating a healthy diet, or quitting smoking may decrease the risk for heart disease. Some forms of heart disease require treatment with medication, surgery or other medical procedures. Emergency medical attention is recommended for symptoms of chest pain, fatigue or fainting in association with heart disease. Talk with your doctor to decide which treatment option is best for you.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Heart Disease" for support, advocacy or research.

Hepatitis Foundation International

Hepatitis Foundation International is dedicated to promoting wellness and healthy lifestyles for all individuals in order to reduce the incidence of preventable diseases that affect the liver’s health including: obesity, diabetes, fatty liver, high cholesterol, cardiovascular disease, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and substance abuse. We inform, educate, and empower by making available reliable and up-to-date information.

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2015

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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Mended Hearts, Inc.

Our mission is dedicated to “Inspiring hope and improving the quality of life for heart patients and their families through ongoing peer-to-peer support”.

Last Updated: 11 Mar 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Heart Disease" for support, advocacy or research.

Hepatitis Foundation International

Hepatitis Foundation International is dedicated to promoting wellness and healthy lifestyles for all individuals in order to reduce the incidence of preventable diseases that affect the liver’s health including: obesity, diabetes, fatty liver, high cholesterol, cardiovascular disease, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and substance abuse. We inform, educate, and empower by making available reliable and up-to-date information.

http://www.HepatitisFoundation.org

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2015

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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Mended Hearts, Inc.

Our mission is dedicated to “Inspiring hope and improving the quality of life for heart patients and their families through ongoing peer-to-peer support”.

http://www.mendedhearts.org

Last Updated: 11 Mar 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Heart Disease" returned 9448 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Multicenter clinical efficacy observation of integrated Traditional Chinese Medicine-Western Medicine treatment in acute onset period of pulmonary heart disease].
 

Author(s): Yun Lu, Wei Jin, Hong Zhang, Xiaoyun Zhang

Journal: J Tradit Chin Med. 2016 Jun;36(3):283-90.

 

To evaluate the efficacy of integrated Traditional Chinese Medicine-Western Medicine (TCM-WM) in the treatment of acute onset pulmonary heart disease (PHD).

Last Updated: 29 Jul 2016

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[Major depressive disorder in relation with coronary heart disease and stroke in Chinese adults aged 30-79 years].
 

Author(s): C Q Yu, Y P Chen, J Lv, Y Guo, P Sherliker, Z Bian, H Y Zhou, Y L Tan, J S Chen, Z M Chen, L M Li

Journal: Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao. 2016 Jun;48(3):465-71.

 

To investigate the associations of major depressive disorder with coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke in Chinese adults aged 30-79 years.

Last Updated: 20 Jun 2016

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[A preliminary investigation of relationship between serum apelin level and pulmonary artery pressure in children with congenital heart disease].
 

Author(s): Chao Ma, Ding-Rong Shen, Qing Zhang, Yi-Qun Ding, Yuan-Xiang Wang, Le Peng, Bao-Ying Meng, Yun-Xing Ti

Journal: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi. 2016 Apr;18(4):340-4.

 

To preliminarily investigate the relationship between serum apelin level and pulmonary artery pressure in children with congenital heart disease.

Last Updated: 21 Apr 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Heart Disease" returned 1345 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Towards integration of palliative care in patients with chronic heart failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a systematic literature review of European guidelines and pathways.
 

Author(s): Naouma Siouta, Karen van Beek, Nancy Preston, Jeroen Hasselaar, Sean Hughes, Sheila Payne, Eduardo Garralda, Carlos Centeno, Marlieke van der Eerden, Marieke Groot, Farina Hodiamont, Lukas Radbruch, Csilla Busa, Agnes Csikos, Johan Menten

Journal:

 

Despite the positive impact of Palliative Care (PC) on the quality of life for patients and their relatives, the implementation of PC in non-cancer health-care delivery in the EU seems scarcely addressed. The aim of this study is to assess guidelines/pathways for integrated PC in ...

Last Updated: 13 Feb 2016

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Ethnic Minorities and Coronary Heart Disease: an Update and Future Directions.
 

Author(s): J Adam Leigh, Manrique Alvarez, Carlos J Rodriguez

Journal: Curr Atheroscler Rep. 2016 Feb;18(2):9.

 

Heart disease remains the leading cause of death in the USA. Overall, heart disease accounts for about 1 in 4 deaths with coronary heart disease (CHD) being responsible for over 370,000 deaths per year. It has frequently and repeatedly been shown that some minority groups in the USA ...

Last Updated: 21 Jan 2016

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Has the difference in mortality between percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass grafting in people with heart disease and diabetes changed over the years? A systematic review and meta-regression.
 

Author(s): Peter Herbison, Cheuk-Kit Wong

Journal:

 

To examine the difference in outcome between percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), to see if it has changed over the years in diabetics deemed eligible for both treatments; and to contrast the long-term mortality findings with those in non-diabetics.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

The Genetic Basis of Acquired Heart Disease in Africa
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Rheumatic Heart Disease; Rheumatic Fever; Endomyocardial Fibrosis; Acquired Heart Disease

 

Last Updated: 11 May 2016

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The Genetic Basis of Congenital Heart Disease in Africa
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Congenital Heart Disease; Heart Disease

 

Last Updated: 23 Jul 2016

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Erythropoietin to Prevent Unnecessary Transfusions In The Patients With Cyanotic Congenital Heart Disease - A Prospective Control Trial
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Cyanotic Congenital Heart Disease; Anemia; Cyanosis; Congenital Heart Disease

 

Last Updated: 21 Jun 2016

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