Heart Disease

Common Name(s)

Heart Disease

Heart disease, also known as cardiovascular disease, is a term that describes a range of conditions that affect the heart. Diseases that affect the heart’s muscle (cardiomyopathy), rhythm (arrhythmia), structure (congenital heart defect), or blood vessels (coronary artery disease) are all forms of heart disease. Symptoms of heart disease depend on the specific condition. A weak heart muscle may cause fatigue, dizziness, and swelling of the legs, ankles and feet. Symptoms of an abnormal heart rhythm may include chest pain, dizziness, shortness of breath, or a racing or slow heartbeat. Individuals who were born with an abnormality in the structure of the heart may experience swelling in the legs or abdomen, pale or blue skin color, or shortness of breath. Chest pain, shortness of breath, and pain in the legs, arms, neck, jaw, or throat may be a result of heart disease in the blood vessels.

There are many causes of heart disease, depending on the specific form. There are also a few factors that can increase the risk for heart problems. These factors include older age, poor diet, high blood pressure, smoking, a family history of heart disease, stress, obesity, diabetes, high cholesterol levels, and poor hygiene. Doctors use a combination of tests and exams to diagnose heart disease. These tests may include a medical history, a family history, a physical exam, blood tests, an assessment of heart rhythm using electrical signals (electrocardiogram or ECG), and an ultrasound image of your heart (echocardiogram). Lifestyle changes, such as exercising more, eating a healthy diet, or quitting smoking may decrease the risk for heart disease. Some forms of heart disease require treatment with medication, surgery or other medical procedures. Emergency medical attention is recommended for symptoms of chest pain, fatigue or fainting in association with heart disease. Talk with your doctor to decide which treatment option is best for you.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Heart Disease" for support, advocacy or research.

Hepatitis Foundation International

Hepatitis Foundation International is dedicated to promoting wellness and healthy lifestyles for all individuals in order to reduce the incidence of preventable diseases that affect the liver’s health including: obesity, diabetes, fatty liver, high cholesterol, cardiovascular disease, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and substance abuse. We inform, educate, and empower by making available reliable and up-to-date information.

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2015

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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Mended Hearts, Inc.

Our mission is dedicated to “Inspiring hope and improving the quality of life for heart patients and their families through ongoing peer-to-peer support”.

Last Updated: 11 Mar 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Heart Disease" for support, advocacy or research.

Hepatitis Foundation International

Hepatitis Foundation International is dedicated to promoting wellness and healthy lifestyles for all individuals in order to reduce the incidence of preventable diseases that affect the liver’s health including: obesity, diabetes, fatty liver, high cholesterol, cardiovascular disease, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and substance abuse. We inform, educate, and empower by making available reliable and up-to-date information.

http://www.HepatitisFoundation.org

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2015

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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Mended Hearts, Inc.

Our mission is dedicated to “Inspiring hope and improving the quality of life for heart patients and their families through ongoing peer-to-peer support”.

http://www.mendedhearts.org

Last Updated: 11 Mar 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Heart Disease" returned 9494 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Morphological changes evaluation of left atrial appendage in patients with ischaemic heart disease.
 

Author(s): Abdulwahab Abuderman, Mohammed Abbas

Journal: Biomed J. 2016 Aug;39(4):277-282.

 

Since the majority of morphological changes evaluation of myocardium in ischaemic heart disease was in animal model, we detected the importance to evaluate such changes in human patients to gain insights into the targets of cellular damage and to reconcile or refine those experiments.

Last Updated: 29 Oct 2016

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Right ventricular function in pulmonary hypertension due to left heart disease by two-dimensional speckle tracking and real time three-dimensional echocardiography.
 

Author(s): L Zhang, P Zhang, H Qi, Z Wang, T Luo, M Lu, H Ran, C Cao, J Ren

Journal: Acta Cardiol. 2016 Aug;71(4):473-82.

 

Last Updated: 5 Sep 2016

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Ebstein's anomaly presenting as cyanotic heart disease in a middle-aged woman.
 

Author(s): A Jmeian, H Patel, A Hawatmeh, R Shamoon, M Saad, F Shamoon

Journal: Acta Cardiol. 2016 Jun;71(3):371-2.

 

Last Updated: 5 Sep 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Heart Disease" returned 1368 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Cardiac disease in brain-heart disorders.
 

Author(s): J Finsterer, K Wahbi

Journal: Acta Cardiol. 2016 Aug;71(4):389-94.

 

Last Updated: 5 Sep 2016

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Occupational noise and ischemic heart disease: A systematic review.
 

Author(s): Angel M Dzhambov, Donka D Dimitrova

Journal: Noise Health. ;18(83):167-77.

 

Noise exposure might be a risk factor for ischemic heart disease (IHD). Unlike residential exposure, however, evidence for occupational noise is limited. Given that high-quality quantitative synthesis of existing data is highly warranted for occupational safety and policy, we aimed ...

Last Updated: 29 Aug 2016

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Chemokines and Heart Disease: A Network Connecting Cardiovascular Biology to Immune and Autonomic Nervous Systems.
 

Author(s): Veronica Dusi, Alice Ghidoni, Alice Ravera, Gaetano M De Ferrari, Laura Calvillo

Journal: Mediators Inflamm.. 2016 ;2016():5902947.

 

Among the chemokines discovered to date, nineteen are presently considered to be relevant in heart disease and are involved in all stages of cardiovascular response to injury. Chemokines are interesting as biomarkers to predict risk of cardiovascular events in apparently healthy people ...

Last Updated: 31 May 2016

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 27 Oct 2016

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Exercise Training in Grown-up Congenital Heart Disease
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Congenital Heart Disease

 

Last Updated: 6 Jul 2016

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The Genetic Basis of Congenital Heart Disease in Africa
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Congenital Heart Disease; Heart Disease

 

Last Updated: 23 Jul 2016

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