Cervical Dystonia

Common Name(s)

Cervical Dystonia

Cervical dystonia is a focal dystonia characterized by excessive pulling of the muscles of the neck and shoulder resulting in abnormal movements of the head. Most commonly, the head turns to one side or the other. Tilting sideways, or to the back or front may also occur.  The turning or tilting movements may be accompanied by tremor and/or soreness of the muscles of the neck and shoulders.  Cervical dystonia can occur at any age, although most individuals first experience symptoms in middle age. It often begins slowly and usually reaches a plateau over a few months or years. Treatment may include local intramuscular injections of botulinum toxin, analgesics, benzodiazepines (anti-anxiety medications), anticholinergics, physical therapy, or surgery.
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Cervical Dystonia" for support, advocacy or research.

The Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia & Parkinson Foundation

The Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia & Parkinson Foundation was established in 1995 to find better treatments and cures for the movement disorders dystonia and Parkinson's disease and to provide medical and patient information.

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Cervical Dystonia" for support, advocacy or research.

The Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia & Parkinson Foundation

The Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia & Parkinson Foundation was established in 1995 to find better treatments and cures for the movement disorders dystonia and Parkinson's disease and to provide medical and patient information.

https://www.dystonia-parkinson.org

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Cervical Dystonia" returned 101 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Pearls & Oy-sters: Spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 presenting with cervical dystonia without ataxia.
 

Author(s): Jihad A Muglan, Suresh Menon, Mandar S Jog

Journal: Neurology. 2016 Jan;86(1):e1-3.

 

Last Updated: 29 Dec 2015

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Exploring factors related to physical activity in cervical dystonia.
 

Author(s): Lena Zetterberg, Charlotte Urell, Elisabeth Anens

Journal:

 

People with disabilities have reported worse health status than people without disabilities and receiving fewer preventive health services such as counseling around exercise habits. This is noteworthy considering the negative consequences associated with physical inactivity. No research ...

Last Updated: 1 Dec 2015

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A Retrospective, Single-Center Comparative Cost Analysis of OnabotulinumtoxinA and AbobotulinumtoxinA for Cervical Dystonia Treatment.
 

Author(s): Richard M Trosch, Alicia C Shillington, Marci L English, Dominic Marchese

Journal: J Manag Care Spec Pharm. 2015 Oct;21(10):854-60.

 

Chemodenervation with botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) is recommended as first-line treatment for the management of cervical dystonia. The choice of BoNT for treatment is subject to the consideration of several factors, including cost.

Last Updated: 25 Sep 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Cervical Dystonia" returned 9 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Pain Relief in Cervical Dystonia with Botulinum Toxin Treatment.
 

Author(s): Carlos Henrique Ferreira Camargo, Lígia Cattai, Hélio Afonso Ghizoni Teive

Journal:

 

Dystonia is a neurological disorder characterized by intermittent or sustained muscle contractions that cause abnormal, usually repetitive, movements and postures. Dystonic movements can be tremulous and twisting and often follow a pattern. They are frequently associated with overflow ...

Last Updated: 26 Jun 2015

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Relevance of sonography for botulinum toxin treatment of cervical dystonia: an expert statement.
 

Author(s): Axel Schramm, Tobias Bäumer, Urban Fietzek, Susanne Heitmann, Uwe Walter, Wolfgang H Jost

Journal: J Neural Transm (Vienna). 2015 Oct;122(10):1457-63.

 

Botulinum neurotoxin A (BoNT A) is the first-line treatment for cervical dystonia. However, although BoNT A has a favorable safety profile and is effective in the majority of patients, in some cases the treatment outcome is disappointing or side effects occur when higher doses are ...

Last Updated: 2 Oct 2015

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Donepezil-induced cervical dystonia in Alzheimer's disease: a case report and literature review of dystonia due to cholinesterase inhibitors.
 

Author(s): Ken Ikeda, Masaru Yanagihashi, Masahiro Sawada, Sayori Hanashiro, Kiyokazu Kawabe, Yasuo Iwasaki

Journal: Intern. Med.. 2014 ;53(9):1007-10.

 

We herein report an 81-year-old woman with Alzheimer's disease (AD) in who donepezil, a cholinesterase inhibitor (ChEI), caused cervical dystonia. The patient had a two-year history of progressive memory disturbance fulfilling the NINCDS-ADRDA criteria for probable AD. Mini-Mental ...

Last Updated: 5 May 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

ASIS for Botox in Cervical Dystonia
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Cervical Dystonia Adults ,; Abnormal Head Position and Neck Pain for These 7 Muscle Groups: Splenius,Scalene,Sterno-cleido-mastoid,Levator Scapulae,Semispinalis,Trapezius,and Longissimus.

 

Last Updated: 22 Jun 2015

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Last Updated: 19 Jan 2016

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tDCS in Cervical Dystonia
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Cervical Dystonia

 

Last Updated: 19 May 2016

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