Cervical Dystonia

Common Name(s)

Cervical Dystonia

Cervical dystonia is a focal dystonia characterized by excessive pulling of the muscles of the neck and shoulder resulting in abnormal movements of the head. Most commonly, the head turns to one side or the other. Tilting sideways, or to the back or front may also occur.  The turning or tilting movements may be accompanied by tremor and/or soreness of the muscles of the neck and shoulders.  Cervical dystonia can occur at any age, although most individuals first experience symptoms in middle age. It often begins slowly and usually reaches a plateau over a few months or years. Treatment may include local intramuscular injections of botulinum toxin, analgesics, benzodiazepines (anti-anxiety medications), anticholinergics, physical therapy, or surgery.
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Cervical Dystonia" for support, advocacy or research.

The Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia & Parkinson Foundation

The Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia & Parkinson Foundation was established in 1995 to find better treatments and cures for the movement disorders dystonia and Parkinson's disease and to provide medical and patient information.

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Cervical Dystonia" for support, advocacy or research.

The Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia & Parkinson Foundation

The Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia & Parkinson Foundation was established in 1995 to find better treatments and cures for the movement disorders dystonia and Parkinson's disease and to provide medical and patient information.

https://www.dystonia-parkinson.org

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Cervical Dystonia" returned 80 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Cervical dystonia: about familial and sporadic cases in 88 patients.
 

Author(s): Carlos Henrique F Camargo, Sarah Teixeira Camargos, Nilson Becker, Renato Puppi Munhoz, Salmo Raskin, Francisco Eduardo C Cardoso, Hélio Afonso G Teive

Journal: Arq Neuropsiquiatr. 2014 Feb;72(2):107-13.

 

Cervical dystonia (CD) affects the musculature of the neck in a focal way or associated to other parts of the body. The aim of this study was to identify clinical differences between patients with dystonia patients without family history and with family history (sporadic). Eighty-eight ...

Last Updated: 7 Mar 2014

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Very early reduction in efficacy of botulinum toxin therapy for cervical dystonia in patients with subsequent secondary treatment failure: a retrospective analysis.
 

Author(s): Harald Hefter, Constanze Spiess, Dietmar Rosenthal

Journal: J Neural Transm. 2014 May;121(5):513-9.

 

The objective of this study was to estimate the probability of development of partial secondary treatment failure (PSTF) in patients with cervical dystonia (CD) who had been treated over up to 9 years with repetitive intramuscular injections of botulinum neurotoxin type A (BoNT/A). ...

Last Updated: 23 Apr 2014

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Genomewide association study in cervical dystonia demonstrates possible association with sodium leak channel.
 

Author(s): Kin Y Mok, Susanne A Schneider, Daniah Trabzuni, Maria Stamelou, Mark Edwards, Dalia Kasperaviciute, Stuart Pickering-Brown, Monty Silverdale, John Hardy, Kailash P Bhatia

Journal: Mov. Disord.. 2014 Feb;29(2):245-51.

 

Dystonia is a common movement disorder. A number of monogenic causes have been identified. However, the majority of dystonia cases are not explained by single gene defects. Cervical dystonia is one of the commonest forms without genetic causes identified. This pilot study aimed to ...

Last Updated: 4 Mar 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Cervical Dystonia" returned 4 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Rating scales for cervical dystonia: a critical evaluation of tools for outcome assessment of botulinum toxin therapy.
 

Author(s): Wolfgang H Jost, Harald Hefter, Andrea Stenner, Gerhard Reichel

Journal: J Neural Transm. 2013 Mar;120(3):487-96.

 

Botulinum neurotoxin is the therapy of choice for all forms of cervical dystonia (CD), but treatment regimens still vary considerably. The interpretation of treatment outcome is mainly based on the clinical experience and on the scientific value of the rating scales applied. The aim ...

Last Updated: 19 Feb 2013

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[Cervical dystonia--diagnosis and treatment].
 

Author(s): Inger Marie Skogseid

Journal: Tidsskr. Nor. Laegeforen.. 2008 Oct;128(19):2202-5.

 

Cervical dystonia is a focal dystonia of the neck muscles, leading to involuntary head movement, abnormal postures and pain. As effective treatment is available, all doctors should be able to recognize this potentially disabling disorder.

Last Updated: 10 Oct 2008

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Cervical dystonia: disease profile and clinical management.
 

Author(s): Beth E Crowner

Journal: Phys Ther. 2007 Nov;87(11):1511-26.

 

Cervical dystonia, the most common focal dystonia, frequently results in cervical pain and disability as well as impairments affecting postural control. The predominant treatment for cervical dystonia is provided by physicians, and treatment can vary from pharmacological to surgical. ...

Last Updated: 2 Nov 2007

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

ASIS for Botox in Cervical Dystonia
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Cervical Dystonia Adults ,; Abnormal Head Position and Neck Pain for These 7 Muscle Groups: Splenius,Scalene,Sterno-cleido-mastoid,Levator Scapulae,Semispinalis,Trapezius,and Longissimus.

 

Last Updated: 26 Feb 2014

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Effects of Botulinum Toxin in Cervical Dystonia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Torticollis; Cervical Dystonia

 

Last Updated: 24 Jun 2011

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Insights Into Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) for Cervical Dystonia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Cervical Dystonia

 

Last Updated: 13 May 2014

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