Cervical Dystonia

Common Name(s)

Cervical Dystonia

Cervical dystonia is a focal dystonia characterized by excessive pulling of the muscles of the neck and shoulder resulting in abnormal movements of the head. Most commonly, the head turns to one side or the other. Tilting sideways, or to the back or front may also occur.  The turning or tilting movements may be accompanied by tremor and/or soreness of the muscles of the neck and shoulders.  Cervical dystonia can occur at any age, although most individuals first experience symptoms in middle age. It often begins slowly and usually reaches a plateau over a few months or years. Treatment may include local intramuscular injections of botulinum toxin, analgesics, benzodiazepines (anti-anxiety medications), anticholinergics, physical therapy, or surgery.
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Cervical Dystonia" for support, advocacy or research.

The Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia & Parkinson Foundation

The Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia & Parkinson Foundation was established in 1995 to find better treatments and cures for the movement disorders dystonia and Parkinson's disease and to provide medical and patient information.

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Cervical Dystonia" for support, advocacy or research.

The Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia & Parkinson Foundation

The Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia & Parkinson Foundation was established in 1995 to find better treatments and cures for the movement disorders dystonia and Parkinson's disease and to provide medical and patient information.

https://www.dystonia-parkinson.org

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Cervical Dystonia" returned 72 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The mechanisms of movement control and time estimation in cervical dystonia patients.
 

Author(s): Pavel Filip, Ovidiu V Lungu, Daniel J Shaw, Tomas Kasparek, Martin Bareš

Journal: Neural Plast.. 2013 ;2013():908741.

 

Traditionally, the pathophysiology of cervical dystonia has been regarded mainly in relation to neurochemical abnormities in the basal ganglia. Recently, however, substantial evidence has emerged for cerebellar involvement. While the absence of neurological "cerebellar signs" in most ...

Last Updated: 7 Nov 2013

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Structural brain abnormalities in cervical dystonia.
 

Author(s): Tino Prell, Thomas Peschel, Bernadette Köhler, Martin H Bokemeyer, Reinhard Dengler, Albrecht Günther, Julian Grosskreutz

Journal:

 

Idiopathic cervical dystonia is characterized by involuntary spasms, tremors or jerks. It is not restricted to a disturbance in the basal ganglia system because non-conventional voxel-based MRI morphometry (VBM) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) have detected numerous regional changes ...

Last Updated: 17 Jan 2014

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Ataxia telangiectasia presenting as dopa-responsive cervical dystonia.
 

Author(s): Gavin Charlesworth, Mahavir D Mohire, Susanne A Schneider, Maria Stamelou, Nicholas W Wood, Kailash P Bhatia

Journal: Neurology. 2013 Sep;81(13):1148-51.

 

To identify the cause of cervical dopa-responsive dystonia (DRD) in a Muslim Indian family inherited in an apparently autosomal recessive fashion, as previously described in this journal.

Last Updated: 24 Sep 2013

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Cervical Dystonia" returned 4 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Rating scales for cervical dystonia: a critical evaluation of tools for outcome assessment of botulinum toxin therapy.
 

Author(s): Wolfgang H Jost, Harald Hefter, Andrea Stenner, Gerhard Reichel

Journal: J Neural Transm. 2013 Mar;120(3):487-96.

 

Botulinum neurotoxin is the therapy of choice for all forms of cervical dystonia (CD), but treatment regimens still vary considerably. The interpretation of treatment outcome is mainly based on the clinical experience and on the scientific value of the rating scales applied. The aim ...

Last Updated: 19 Feb 2013

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[Cervical dystonia--diagnosis and treatment].
 

Author(s): Inger Marie Skogseid

Journal: Tidsskr. Nor. Laegeforen.. 2008 Oct;128(19):2202-5.

 

Cervical dystonia is a focal dystonia of the neck muscles, leading to involuntary head movement, abnormal postures and pain. As effective treatment is available, all doctors should be able to recognize this potentially disabling disorder.

Last Updated: 10 Oct 2008

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Cervical dystonia: disease profile and clinical management.
 

Author(s): Beth E Crowner

Journal: Phys Ther. 2007 Nov;87(11):1511-26.

 

Cervical dystonia, the most common focal dystonia, frequently results in cervical pain and disability as well as impairments affecting postural control. The predominant treatment for cervical dystonia is provided by physicians, and treatment can vary from pharmacological to surgical. ...

Last Updated: 2 Nov 2007

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Identification of Optimal Stimulation Site for Cervical Dystonia Symptoms: An Exploratory Study
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Cervical Dystonia; Spasmodic Torticollis

 

Last Updated: 17 May 2013

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Insights Into Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) for Cervical Dystonia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Cervical Dystonia

 

Last Updated: 13 May 2014

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Effects of Botulinum Toxin in Cervical Dystonia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Torticollis; Cervical Dystonia

 

Last Updated: 24 Jun 2011

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