Centrotemporal Epilepsy

Common Name(s)

Centrotemporal Epilepsy, Benign rolandic epilepsy

Centrotemporal epilepsy, also known as benign rolandic epilepsy, is a form of epilepsy where seizures affect the face and sometimes the body. This form of epilepsy does not affect adults, and seizures typically begin in affected children around the age of six to eight years old.

"Rolandic" refers to the region of the brain in which the seizures begin; this area of the brain is what controls the face. Rolandic seizures are considered "partial" seizures because they begin in a specific region of the brain rather than involving the entire brain. The seizures resulting from centrotemporal epilepsy are generally mild, and may include facial or cheek twitching, numbness or tingling in the tongue or face, difficulty speaking, and drooling due to the inability to not be able to control the mouth temporarily. Many times, rolandic seizures occur during sleep, so they may go unnoticed. Children with rolandic epilepsy may also have learning difficulties and behavioral issues.

In about half of children with this condition, the seizures begin in the rolandic region of the brain, but then spread to the rest of the brain. This is referred to as secondary generalized seizures (or tonic-clonic seizures) and symptoms are more severe and include full body muscle clenching, convulsions, unresponsiveness, and confusion or disorientation after the seizure is over.

Diagnosis of benign rolandic epilepsy is based on the pattern of seizures as well as testing which includes EEG, MRI and neurological exams. If symptoms remain mild, no treatment is needed as the seizures are often harmless and do not occur frequently. Symptoms that may suggest treatment would include learning difficulties, behavioral problems, daytime seizures or seizures that are frequent or become more severe. Anti-seizure medications are available in some cases. Please see a specialist if your child is having these symptoms to discuss the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Centrotemporal Epilepsy" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Centrotemporal Epilepsy" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Centrotemporal Epilepsy" returned 23 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Efficacy of levetiracetam combined with short-term clonazepam in treatment of electrical status epilepticus during sleep in children with benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes].
 

Author(s): Tang-Feng Su, San-Qing Xu, Ling Chen

Journal: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi. 2014 Aug;16(8):829-33.

 

To study the efficacy of levetiracetam (LEV) combined with short-term clonazepam (CZP) in the treatment of electrical status epilepticus during sleep (ESES) in children with benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECCT).

Last Updated: 21 Aug 2014

Go To URL
Changes in current-source density of interictal spikes in benign epilepsy of childhood with centrotemporal spikes following treatment with oxcarbazepine.
 

Author(s): Jung Sook Yeom, Young-Soo Kim, Seokwon Jung, Oh-Young Kwon

Journal: Seizure. 2014 Aug;23(7):560-6.

 

The aim of this study was to detect clinical variables associated with the extent of change of the irritative zone in benign epilepsy of childhood with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS) after oxcarbazepine monotherapy.

Last Updated: 8 Jul 2014

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Centrotemporal Epilepsy" returned 0 free, full-text review articles on human participants.

 
 
Top

Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Imaging the Effect of Centrotemporal Spikes and Seizures on Language in Children
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Benign Childhood Epilepsy With Centro-Temporal Spikes

 

Last Updated: 3 Feb 2015

Go to URL