Squamous cell carcinoma

Common Name(s)

Squamous cell carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinoma is a type of cancer that develops in a type of flat-shaped cell that lines the skin and other organs. The most common location where squamous cell carcinoma develops is the skin, usually in areas that are frequently exposed to sunlight. Although less common, squamous cell carcinoma can also grow on the lips, in the mouth, or in the lungs. Cancers form when a change (mutation) in DNA causes certain cells to grow out of control, sometimes forming a lump or a tumor. Some of these cancerous cells can break off and spread to other parts of the body where they will continue to grow (metastasis).

Squamous cell carcinoma most commonly occurs in adults between the ages of 40 and 60, although it can be found in all age groups. Factors that increase the risk of developing squamous cell carcinoma include prolonged exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light and fair skin. Having an organ transplant can also increase the risk of developing squamous cell carcinoma, as medications taken after surgery can decrease the body’s ability to protect itself from damage.

The most common symptoms of squamous cell carcinoma of the skin include scaly, red skin patches and unexplained bleeding in areas affected by tumor growth. Other signs include the formation of white ulcers in the mouth and sun-exposed areas. Diagnosis is usually made with a combination of a physical exam, imaging studies, blood tests, and other laboratory studies. Diagnosis may require a doctor to take a biopsy, or sample, of the tissue to look at under a microscope in order to determine if the cells are growing in an abnormal way.

Treatment for squamous cell carcinoma depends on many factors such as how large the cancer is and if it has spread to other areas of the body. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options. Support groups are also available for more resources and information.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Squamous cell carcinoma" for support, advocacy or research.

Cancer Hope Network

To provide one-on-one support to people undergoing treatment for cancer and to their families. We provide this support by training individuals who have recovered from cancer and matching them with cancer patients currently undergoing a similar experience. Through this matching process, we strive to instill hope and to make a difference in their fight against cancer.

Last Updated: 29 Jul 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Squamous cell carcinoma" for support, advocacy or research.

Cancer Hope Network

To provide one-on-one support to people undergoing treatment for cancer and to their families. We provide this support by training individuals who have recovered from cancer and matching them with cancer patients currently undergoing a similar experience. Through this matching process, we strive to instill hope and to make a difference in their fight against cancer.

http://www.CancerHopeNetwork.org

Last Updated: 29 Jul 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Squamous cell carcinoma" returned 5671 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

IMAGES IN CLINICAL MEDICINE. Squamous-Cell Carcinoma of the Penis with Human Papillomavirus.
 

Author(s): Husein Husein-El Ahmed, Guillermo A Cañadas-De la Fuente

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2016 Jan;374(2):164.

 

Last Updated: 14 Jan 2016

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IMAGES IN CLINICAL MEDICINE. Squamous-Cell Carcinoma of the Nail Bed.
 

Author(s): Amir Feily

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2015 Dec;373(24):2357.

 

Last Updated: 24 Dec 2015

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[Nucleolin expression is correlated with carcinogenesis and progression of cervical squamous cell carcinoma].
 

Author(s): Guo-Zhao Meng, Yuan Zi, Hong-Quan Li, Ming Huang, Ting Gao

Journal: Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao. 2015 Oct;35(10):1511-4.

 

To investigate the differential expressions of nucleolin in invasive cervical squamous cell carcinoma, cervical intraepithelial neoplasms (CIN) and normal cervical epithelial tissues and explore the role of nucleolin in the carcinogenesis and progression of cervical squamous cell carcinoma.

Last Updated: 9 Nov 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Squamous cell carcinoma" returned 281 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Oral cavity and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma--an update.
 

Author(s): Angela C Chi, Terry A Day, Brad W Neville

Journal: CA Cancer J Clin. ;65(5):401-21.

 

Oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OC-SCC) is the most common malignancy of the head and neck (excluding nonmelanoma skin cancer). Recent trends have shown a dramatic rise in the incidence of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OP-SCC), with a marked increase in lesions related ...

Last Updated: 9 Sep 2015

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Primary Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Liver: Case Series and Review of Literatures.
 

Author(s): Xu-Feng Zhang, Zhao-Qing Du, Xue-Min Liu, Yi Lv

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2015 Jul;94(28):e868.

 

Primary squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of liver is rare, and its prognosis is extremely poor. This study aims at reviewing the clinical data of all pathologically diagnosed liver cancer in our institute, and discussing the clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis ...

Last Updated: 18 Jul 2015

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Reevaluation of Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy for Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials Over the Past 20 Years.
 

Author(s): Yan Zheng, Yin Li, Xianben Liu, Haibo Sun, Zongfei Wang, Ruixiang Zhang

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2015 Jul;94(27):e1102.

 

The effect of neoadjuvant chemotherapy on the survival of patients with thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinomas (ESCCs) remains controversial. The optimal management strategy for resectable ESCCs varies regionally based on local randomized controlled trials. A systematic review ...

Last Updated: 13 Jul 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Photodynamic Therapy With HPPH in Treating Patients With Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lip and Oral Cavity; Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oropharynx; Recurrent Verrucous Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity; Stage I Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lip and Oral Cavity; Stage I Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oropharynx; Stage I Verrucous Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity; Stage II Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lip and Oral Cavity; Stage II Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oropharynx; Stage II Verrucous Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity; Stage III Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lip and Oral Cavity; Stage III Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oropharynx; Stage III Verrucous Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity; Stage IVA Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lip and Oral Cavity; Stage IVA Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oropharynx; Stage IVA Verrucous Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity; Stage IVB Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lip and Oral Cavity; Stage IVB Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oropharynx; Stage IVB Verrucous Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity; Stage IVC Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lip and Oral Cavity; Stage IVC Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oropharynx; Stage IVC Verrucous Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity

 

Last Updated: 3 Feb 2016

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Viral Therapy In Treating Patients With Recurrent or Metastatic Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck Cancer
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer With Occult Primary Squamous Cell Carcinoma; Recurrent Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer With Occult Primary; Recurrent Salivary Gland Cancer; Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Hypopharynx; Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Larynx; Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lip and Oral Cavity; Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Nasopharynx; Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oropharynx; Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity; Recurrent Verrucous Carcinoma of the Larynx; Recurrent Verrucous Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity; Salivary Gland Squamous Cell Carcinoma; Stage IV Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Hypopharynx; Stage IV Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Nasopharynx; Stage IVA Salivary Gland Cancer; Stage IVA Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Larynx; Stage IVA Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lip and Oral Cavity; Stage IVA Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oropharynx; Stage IVA Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity; Stage IVA Verrucous Carcinoma of the Larynx; Stage IVA Verrucous Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity; Stage IVB Salivary Gland Cancer; Stage IVB Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Larynx; Stage IVB Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lip and Oral Cavity; Stage IVB Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oropharynx; Stage IVB Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity; Stage IVB Verrucous Carcinoma of the Larynx; Stage IVB Verrucous Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity; Stage IVC Salivary Gland Cancer; Stage IVC Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Larynx; Stage IVC Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lip and Oral Cavity; Stage IVC Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oropharynx; Stage IVC Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity; Stage IVC Verrucous Carcinoma of the Larynx; Stage IVC Verrucous Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity; Tongue Cancer

 

Last Updated: 4 Jan 2016

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VX-970, Cisplatin, and Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced HPV-Negative Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma; Stage III Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Squamous Cell Carcinoma; Stage III Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma; Stage IVA Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Squamous Cell Carcinoma; Stage IVA Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma; Stage IVB Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Squamous Cell Carcinoma; Stage IVB Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma; Stage IVC Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Squamous Cell Carcinoma; Stage IVC Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

 

Last Updated: 2 Oct 2015

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