Byssinosis

Common Name(s)

Byssinosis

Byssinosis, also known as brown lung disease, is caused by exposure to cotton dust that blocks the small airways in the lungs. Symptoms include chest tightness, cough, and wheezing, and tend to get worse at the beginning of the work week and improve as the week goes on. It is diagnosed through a physical exam, a chest x-ray, and lung function tests. To treat byssinosis, exposure to the dust must be prevented. In severe cases, a doctor may prescribe steroids, nebulizers, or home oxygen therapy.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Byssinosis" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Byssinosis" returned 47 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Other obstructive diseases: byssinosis, chronic bronchitis and occupational COPD and eosinophilic bronchitis].
 

Author(s): F J Michel De la Rosa, B Fernández Infante

Journal: An Sist Sanit Navar. 2005 ;28 Suppl 1():73-81.

 

Besides occupational asthma and diseases derived from acute inhalation, other obstructive diseases also have an occupational origin. Although at present byssinosis is a rare disease in Spain, we describe its characteristics because of its historical interest amongst occupational respiratory ...

Last Updated: 25 May 2005

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Diffuse lung disease caused by cotton fibre inhalation but distinct from byssinosis.
 

Author(s): H Kobayashi, S Kanoh, K Motoyoshi, S Aida

Journal: Thorax. 2004 Dec;59(12):1095-7.

 

A 66 year old man had inhaled cotton fibre for 50 years at his workplace. He did not have any respiratory symptoms. Chest CT scans revealed diffuse centrilobular and peribronchovascular interstitial thickening. Lung biopsy specimens confirmed the presence of string-like foreign bodies ...

Last Updated: 25 Nov 2004

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Byssinosis among jute mill workers.
 

Author(s): Bhaskar P Chattopadhyay, Habibullah N Saiyed, Ashit K Mukherjee

Journal: Ind Health. 2003 Jul;41(3):265-72.

 

Although byssinosis in jute mill workers remains controversial, studies in a few jute mills in West-Bengal, India, revealed typical byssinotic syndrome associated with acute changes in FEV1 on the first working day after rest. The present study on 148 jute mill workers is reported ...

Last Updated: 14 Aug 2003

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Byssinosis" returned 1 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Byssinosis: a review.
 

Author(s): R McL Niven, C A Pickering

Journal: Thorax. 1996 Jun;51(6):632-7.

 

Last Updated: 29 Aug 1996

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

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