Scoliosis

Common Name(s)

Scoliosis

Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine that usually occurs during a growth spurt before puberty. Scoliosis can range from mild to severe and can cause back pain and difficulty breathing. Indicators of scoliosis are uneven shoulders, waist, and hips. The cause of scoliosis is largly unknown, however it may be hereditary. Scoliosis is less commonly a result of cerebral palsy, birth defects affecting the development of the spine, and injuries or infections of the spine.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Scoliosis" for support, advocacy or research.

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Canadian Marfan Association

Increasing awareness, saving lives, and improving the quality of life for patients, their families, and medical professionals affected by Marfan syndrome, genetic aortic disorders, and related connective tissue disorders through national programs of education, support, and research.

Last Updated: 22 Jan 2013

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Chiari & Syringomyelia Foundation

Our mission is to advance knowledge through research and to educate the medical, allied sciences, and lay community about Chiari malformation, syringomyelia and related CSF (cerebrospinal fluid) disorders.

Last Updated: 18 Mar 2013

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National Scoliosis Foundation

The National Scoliosis Foundation (NSF) is a patient-led nonprofit organization dedicated since 1976 to helping children, parents, adults, and health-care providers to understand the complexities of spinal deformities such as scoliosis.

Last Updated: 24 Nov 2009

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Scoliosis" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Canadian Marfan Association

Increasing awareness, saving lives, and improving the quality of life for patients, their families, and medical professionals affected by Marfan syndrome, genetic aortic disorders, and related connective tissue disorders through national programs of education, support, and research.

http://www.marfan.ca

Last Updated: 22 Jan 2013

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Chiari & Syringomyelia Foundation

Our mission is to advance knowledge through research and to educate the medical, allied sciences, and lay community about Chiari malformation, syringomyelia and related CSF (cerebrospinal fluid) disorders.

http://www.CSFinfo.org

Last Updated: 18 Mar 2013

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National Scoliosis Foundation

The National Scoliosis Foundation (NSF) is a patient-led nonprofit organization dedicated since 1976 to helping children, parents, adults, and health-care providers to understand the complexities of spinal deformities such as scoliosis.

http://www.scoliosis.org/

Last Updated: 24 Nov 2009

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Scoliosis" returned 813 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Musculoskeletal modelling of muscle activation and applied external forces for the correction of scoliosis.
 

Author(s): Maurice Curtin, Madeleine M Lowery

Journal:

 

This study uses biomechanical modelling and computational optimization to investigate muscle activation in combination with applied external forces as a treatment for scoliosis. Bracing, which incorporates applied external forces, is the most popular non surgical treatment for scoliosis. ...

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2014

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Is circumferential minimally invasive surgery effective in the treatment of moderate adult idiopathic scoliosis?
 

Author(s): Neel Anand, Eli M Baron, Babak Khandehroo

Journal: Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res.. 2014 Jun;472(6):1762-8.

 

Outcomes for minimally invasive scoliosis correction surgery have been reported for mild adult scoliosis. Larger curves historically have been treated with open surgical procedures including facet resections or posterior column osteotomies, which have been associated with high-volume ...

Last Updated: 13 Jun 2014

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Effects of bracing in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis.
 

Author(s): Lori A Dolan, James G Wright, Stuart L Weinstein

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2014 Feb;370(7):681.

 

Last Updated: 13 Feb 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Scoliosis" returned 65 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Fusionless surgery for scoliosis.
 

Author(s): Stuart H Hershman, Justin J Park, Baron S Lonner

Journal: Bull Hosp Jt Dis (2013). 2013 ;71(1):49-53.

 

Scoliosis is a very common condition, affecting approximately 7 million children in the United States. Treatment of this condition in young children can be challenging. A variety of techniques that avoid spinal fusion have been developed to manage scoliosis in this patient population. ...

Last Updated: 16 Sep 2013

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[Advances in minimally invasive spine surgery in treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis and adult scoliosis].
 

Author(s): Nan Wu, Qi-yi Li, Zhi-hong Wu, Gui-xing Qiu

Journal: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. 2013 Aug;35(4):457-61.

 

The traditional treatment of scoliosis is mainly based on open surgeries that use the anterior approach, the posterior approach, or both. These surgical procedures often lead to complications including massive blood loss, infections, and pain of incision.The minimally invasive spine ...

Last Updated: 30 Aug 2013

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Neuromuscular scoliosis.
 

Author(s): R Vialle, C Thévenin-Lemoine, P Mary

Journal: Orthop Traumatol Surg Res. 2013 Feb;99(1 Suppl):S124-39.

 

Scoliosis is a common deformity in many types of neuromuscular disease. Severe spinal curvature can cause difficulty in sitting. Conservative and surgical treatment of neuromuscular scoliosis differs from idiopathic scoliosis, being more complex and with a higher complications rate. ...

Last Updated: 18 Feb 2013

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Genetic Evaluation of NF1 and Scoliosis Patients
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Neurofibromatosis 1; Scoliosis

 

Last Updated: 22 Jan 2013

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Last Updated: 15 Oct 2013

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Robotic vs. Freehand Corrective Surgery for Pediatric Scoliosis
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Scoliosis

 

Last Updated: 24 Jun 2014

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