Scoliosis

Common Name(s)

Scoliosis

Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine that usually occurs during a growth spurt before puberty. Scoliosis can range from mild to severe and can cause back pain and difficulty breathing. Indicators of scoliosis are uneven shoulders, waist, and hips. The cause of scoliosis is largly unknown, however it may be hereditary. Scoliosis is less commonly a result of cerebral palsy, birth defects affecting the development of the spine, and injuries or infections of the spine.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Scoliosis" for support, advocacy or research.

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Canadian Marfan Association

Increasing awareness, saving lives, and improving the quality of life for patients, their families, and medical professionals affected by Marfan syndrome, genetic aortic disorders, and related connective tissue disorders through national programs of education, support, and research.

Last Updated: 22 Jan 2013

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Chiari & Syringomyelia Foundation

Our mission is to advance knowledge through research and to educate the medical, allied sciences, and lay community about Chiari malformation, syringomyelia and related CSF (cerebrospinal fluid) disorders.

Last Updated: 18 Mar 2013

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National Scoliosis Foundation

The National Scoliosis Foundation (NSF) is a patient-led nonprofit organization dedicated since 1976 to helping children, parents, adults, and health-care providers to understand the complexities of spinal deformities such as scoliosis.

Last Updated: 24 Nov 2009

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Scoliosis" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Canadian Marfan Association

Increasing awareness, saving lives, and improving the quality of life for patients, their families, and medical professionals affected by Marfan syndrome, genetic aortic disorders, and related connective tissue disorders through national programs of education, support, and research.

http://www.marfan.ca

Last Updated: 22 Jan 2013

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Chiari & Syringomyelia Foundation

Our mission is to advance knowledge through research and to educate the medical, allied sciences, and lay community about Chiari malformation, syringomyelia and related CSF (cerebrospinal fluid) disorders.

http://www.CSFinfo.org

Last Updated: 18 Mar 2013

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National Scoliosis Foundation

The National Scoliosis Foundation (NSF) is a patient-led nonprofit organization dedicated since 1976 to helping children, parents, adults, and health-care providers to understand the complexities of spinal deformities such as scoliosis.

http://www.scoliosis.org/

Last Updated: 24 Nov 2009

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Scoliosis" returned 826 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Body image in idiopathic scoliosis: a comparison study of psychometric properties between four patient-reported outcome instruments.
 

Author(s): Antonia Matamalas, Joan Bagó, Elisabetta D'Agata, Ferran Pellisé

Journal:

 

Four patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments are commonly used to assess body image in idiopathic scoliosis (IS): the Quality of Life Profile for Spinal Deformities (QLPSD), SRS-22 Self-Image scale, Spinal Appearance Questionnaire (SAQ), and Trunk Appearance Perception Scale (TAPS). ...

Last Updated: 9 Jun 2014

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Nighttime bracing versus observation for early adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
 

Author(s): John M Wiemann, Suken A Shah, Charles T Price

Journal: J Pediatr Orthop. 2014 Sep;34(6):603-6.

 

Spinal bracing is widely utilized in patients with moderate severity adolescent idiopathic scoliosis with the goal of preventing curve progression and therefore preventing the need for surgical correction. Bracing is typically initiated in patients with a primary curve angle between ...

Last Updated: 15 Aug 2014

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Characteristics of lumbar scoliosis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
 

Author(s): Masanobu Ohishi, Hisaaki Miyahara, Masakazu Kondo, Yasuharu Nakashima, Kazumasa Terada, Yukio Esaki, Nobuo Kobara, Katsumi Harimaya, Yoshihiro Matsumoto, Yukihide Iwamoto

Journal:

 

Although a substantial percentage of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) experience low back pain, the characteristics of lumbar spine pathology in RA patients has been poorly investigated. In our institutions, lumbar spine radiographs indicated scoliosis in 26 patients. The present ...

Last Updated: 30 Apr 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Scoliosis" returned 68 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) Criteria and Society of Scoliosis Orthopaedic and Rehabilitation Treatment (SOSORT) 2008 Guidelines in Non-Operative Treatment of Idiopathic Scoliosis.
 

Author(s): Krzysztof Korbel, Mateusz Kozinoga, Łukasz Stoliński, Tomasz Kotwicki

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According to the Scoliosis Research Society (SRS), idiopathic scoliosis (IS) is a curvature of more than 10° Cobb angle, affecting 2-3% of pediatric population. Idiopathic scoliosis accounts for 80% of all scoliosis cases. Non-operative principles in the therapy of idiopathic scoliosis, ...

Last Updated: 28 Jul 2014

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Bracing for scoliosis in 2014: state of the art.
 

Author(s): F Zaina, J C De Mauroy, T Grivas, M T Hresko, T Kotwizki, T Maruyama, N Price, M Rigo, L Stikeleather, J Wynne, S Negrini

Journal: Eur J Phys Rehabil Med. 2014 Feb;50(1):93-110.

 

Bracing is currently the primary method for treating moderate idiopathic scoliosis (IS) during the developmental phase of growth. Following a lengthy debate, during which researchers and authors questioned the role of bracing in the treatment of IS due to inconsistent evidence, the ...

Last Updated: 13 Mar 2014

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Actual evidence in the medical approach to adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis.
 

Author(s): S Negrini, J C De Mauroy, T B Grivas, P Knott, T Kotwicki, T Maruyama, J P O'Brien, M Rigo, F Zaina

Journal: Eur J Phys Rehabil Med. 2014 Feb;50(1):87-92.

 

Idiopathic scoliosis (IS) is a three-dimensional deformity of the spine and trunk. The most common form involve adolescents. The prevalence is 2-3% of the population, with 1 out of 6 patients requiring treatment of which 25% progress to surgery. Physical and rehabilitation medicine ...

Last Updated: 13 Mar 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Prospective Study of Scoliosis in Children With Cerebral Palsy
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Cerebral Palsy; Scoliosis

 

Last Updated: 20 Dec 2013

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Robotic vs. Freehand Corrective Surgery for Pediatric Scoliosis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Scoliosis

 

Last Updated: 6 Nov 2014

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Last Updated: 8 Jun 2011

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