Rheumatoid arthritis

Common Name(s)

Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disorder that normally affects the small joints in your hands and feet. It is an autoimmune disease meaning your body’s immune system, which protects your health by attacking foreign substances such as bacteria and viruses, mistakenly attacks your joints causing inflammation or swelling, redness, warmth and pain. The severity of symptoms varies between individuals and may come and go. Symptoms may include tender, warm, and swollen joints, joint stiffness especially in the morning, firm bumps of tissue under the skin on your arms (rheumatoid nodules), fatigue, fever, and weight loss. Symptoms may get progressively worse and may affect your wrist, knee, ankle, elbow, hip and shoulder joints.

The reason the immune system attacks the joints is unknown, but doctors believe there is a genetic component along with environmental factors. Individuals with a family history, between the ages of 40 and 60, and female are at a higher risk of rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis may increase your risk of developing osteoporosis, carpal tunnel syndrome, heart problems, and lung disease.

Rheumatoid arthritis can be difficult to diagnose in the beginning because there is no single blood test or physical finding to confirm the diagnosis. However, your doctor may perform a physical exam to check your joints, blood tests, and an x-rays to help diagnose. While there is currently no cure for rheumatoid arthritis, there are medications to ease the symptoms, reduce inflammation, and slow down the progression of the disease. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis, talk with your doctor to learn about the most current treatment options. Support groups are also good sources of information and support.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Rheumatoid arthritis" for support, advocacy or research.

HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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International Foundation for Autoimmune Arthritis

We are committed to eliminating the adversity caused by autoimmune arthritis by uniting resources that will raise global awareness, providing wellness education and support, and conducting patient-centered research that will improve the quality of life for those affected by these diseases.

Last Updated: 18 Sep 2014

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US Pain Foundation

US Pain Foundation is created by people with pain for people with pain. As a 501 (c)3 non-profit organization dedicated to serving those who live with pain conditions and their care providers, U.S. Pain Foundation exists to help individuals find resources and inspiration.
Our mission is simple: to educate, connect, inform, advocate and empower those living with pain. In addition we work to educate the public on pain issues and to raise awareness on pain in America. We recognize and validate the 100 million Americans who battle pain every day by offering positive programs that empower and ed

Last Updated: 24 Sep 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Rheumatoid arthritis" for support, advocacy or research.

HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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International Foundation for Autoimmune Arthritis

We are committed to eliminating the adversity caused by autoimmune arthritis by uniting resources that will raise global awareness, providing wellness education and support, and conducting patient-centered research that will improve the quality of life for those affected by these diseases.

http://www.ifautoimmunearthritis.org

Last Updated: 18 Sep 2014

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US Pain Foundation

US Pain Foundation is created by people with pain for people with pain. As a 501 (c)3 non-profit organization dedicated to serving those who live with pain conditions and their care providers, U.S. Pain Foundation exists to help individuals find resources and inspiration.
Our mission is simple: to educate, connect, inform, advocate and empower those living with pain. In addition we work to educate the public on pain issues and to raise awareness on pain in America. We recognize and validate the 100 million Americans who battle pain every day by offering positive programs that empower and ed

http://www.uspainfoundation.org

Last Updated: 24 Sep 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Rheumatoid arthritis" returned 10889 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Prediction of Large Joint Destruction in Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis Using 18F-FDG PET/CT and Disease Activity Score.
 

Author(s): Takahito Suto, Koichi Okamura, Yukio Yonemoto, Chisa Okura, Yoshito Tsushima, Kenji Takagishi

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Feb;95(7):e2841.

 

The assessments of joint damage in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are mainly restricted to small joints in the hands and feet. However, the development of arthritis in RA patients often involves the large joints, such as the shoulder, elbow, hip, knee, and ankle. Few studies ...

Last Updated: 18 Feb 2016

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Plasma and Synovial Fluid TrxR Levels are Correlated With Disease Risk and Severity in Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis.
 

Author(s): Zhijun Xie, Jing Sun, Haichang Li, Tiejuan Shao, Dawei Wang, Qi Zheng, Chengping Wen

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Feb;95(6):e2543.

 

This study was designed and performed to establish the relationship between plasma and synovial fluid (SF) levels of thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) and disease activity in Chinese patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).This study consisted of a total of 224 patients diagnosed with ...

Last Updated: 13 Feb 2016

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Rheumatoid arthritis, anti-tumour necrosis factor treatment, and risk of squamous cell and basal cell skin cancer: cohort study based on nationwide prospectively recorded data from Sweden.
 

Author(s): Pauline Raaschou, Julia F Simard, Charlotte Asker Hagelberg, Johan Askling,

Journal:

 

To investigate the risk of squamous cell and basal cell skin cancer in patients with rheumatoid arthritis naive to biologic drugs, in patients starting tumour necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitor treatment, and in the general population.

Last Updated: 29 Jan 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Rheumatoid arthritis" returned 1232 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Immunological markers of rheumatoid arthritis].
 

Author(s): Agnieszka Matuszewska, Marta Madej, Piotr Wiland

Journal:

 

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the most common connective tissue disease of autoimmune origin. The disease is characterized by chronic inflammation leading to bone erosions and organ involvement. RA is a progressive disease. It affects the quality of life, leading to disability and ...

Last Updated: 27 Apr 2016

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Rate of discontinuation and drug survival of biologic therapies in rheumatoid arthritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis of drug registries and health care databases.
 

Author(s): Alejandro Souto, José Ramón Maneiro, Juan J Gómez-Reino

Journal: Rheumatology (Oxford). 2016 Mar;55(3):523-34.

 

To assess the proportion of RA patients who discontinued biologics in world registries and health care databases and to identify causes and predictors of discontinuation.

Last Updated: 10 Feb 2016

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Management of perioperative tumour necrosis factor α inhibitors in rheumatoid arthritis patients undergoing arthroplasty: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Susan M Goodman, Indu Menon, Paul J Christos, Rie Smethurst, Vivian P Bykerk

Journal: Rheumatology (Oxford). 2016 Mar;55(3):573-82.

 

Tumour necrosis factor α inhibitors (TNFis) are widely used in RA patients who undergo surgery, and optimal perioperative management must balance the risk of infection with the risk of post-operative flare. The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of TNFi exposure on surgical ...

Last Updated: 10 Feb 2016

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Targeting Synovitis in Early Rheumatoid Arthritis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Rheumatoid Arthritis; Polyarthritis

 

Last Updated: 9 Sep 2009

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Health Outcomes in Rheumatoid Arthritis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Rheumatoid Arthritis

 

Last Updated: 28 Jun 2006

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