Persistent hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia of infancy

Common Name(s)

Persistent hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia of infancy

Familial hyperinsulinism, also referred to as congenital hyperinsulinism, nesidioblastosis, or persistent hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia of infancy (PPHI), is the most common cause of persistent hypoglycemia in infancy and is due to defective negative feedback regulation of insulin secretion by low glucose levels. Unless early and aggressive intervention is undertaken, brain damage from recurrent episodes of hypoglycemia may occur ({50:Thornton et al., 1998}). Genetic Heterogeneity of Hyperinsulinemic Hypoglycemia HHF2 ({601820}) is caused by mutation in the KCNJ11 gene ({600937}), on chromosome 11p15.1. HHF3 ({602485}) is caused by mutation in the glucokinase gene (GCK; {138079}) on chromosome 7p15-p13. HHF4 ({609975}) is caused by mutation in the HADH gene ({601609}) on chromosome 4q22-q26. HHF5 ({609968}) is caused by mutation in the insulin receptor gene (INSR; {147670}) on chromosome 19p13.2. HHF6 ({606762}) is caused by mutation in the GLUD1 gene ({138130}) on chromosome 10q23.3. HHF7 ({610021}) is caused by mutation in the SLC16A1 ({600682}) on chromosome 1p13.2-p12. There is evidence of further genetic heterogeneity of HHF.
 

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Persistent hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia of infancy" for support, advocacy or research.

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Scientific Literature

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Lanreotide Autogel Treatment of Patients With Congenital Hyperinsulinism of Infancy
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Congenital Hyperinsulinism

 

Last Updated: 12 Dec 2012

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Fluorodopa F 18 in Congenital Hyperinsulinism
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Congenital Hyperinsulinism

 

Last Updated: 1 Apr 2014

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Effect of Exendin-(9-39) On Glucose Requirements To Maintain Euglycemia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Congenital Hyperinsulinism

 

Last Updated: 16 Jan 2014

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