Myotonic dystrophy type 1

Common Name(s)

Myotonic dystrophy type 1, Steinert myotonic dystrophy syndrome, DM1

Myotonic dystrophy type 1, one of the two types of myotonic dystrophy, is an inherited type of muscular dystrophy that affects the muscles and other body systems (e.g., heart, eyes, pancreas).   Myotonic dystrophy type 1 has been categorized into three somewhat overlapping subtypes: mild, classic, and congenital (present at birth). Symptoms of the mild form are the least severe with a normal life span. The classic form is characterized by muscle weakness and wasting, prolonged muscle tensing (myotonia), cataract, and often abnormal heart function; adults may become physically disabled and may have a shortened life span. The congenital form is characterized by severe generalized weakeness at birth (hypotonia), often causing complications with breathing and early death. The condition is inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern and is caused by mutations in the DMPK gene.
 

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Myotonic dystrophy type 1" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Myotonic dystrophy type 1" returned 144 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Receptor and post-receptor abnormalities contribute to insulin resistance in myotonic dystrophy type 1 and type 2 skeletal muscle.
 

Author(s): Laura Valentina Renna, Francesca Bosè, Sara Iachettini, Barbara Fossati, Lorenzo Saraceno, Valentina Milani, Roberto Colombo, Giovanni Meola, Rosanna Cardani

Journal:

 

Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) and type 2 (DM2) are autosomal dominant multisystemic disorders caused by expansion of microsatellite repeats. In both forms, the mutant transcripts accumulate in nuclear foci altering the function of alternative splicing regulators which are necessary ...

Last Updated: 15 Sep 2017

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Toward a more personalized motor function rehabilitation in Myotonic dystrophy type 1: The role of neuroplasticity.
 

Author(s): Simona Portaro, Antonino Naro, Antonino Chillura, Luana Billeri, Alessia Bramanti, Placido Bramanti, Carmelo Rodolico, Rocco Salvatore Calabrò

Journal:

 

Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is the most prevalent adult muscular dystrophy, often accompanied by impairments in attention, memory, visuospatial and executive functions. Given that DM1 is a multi-system disorder, it requires a multi-disciplinary approach, including effective rehabilitation ...

Last Updated: 25 May 2017

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Increased heterogeneity of ventricular repolarization in myotonic dystrophy type 1 population.
 

Author(s): Vincenzo Russo, Andrea Antonio Papa, Anna Rago, Paola D'Ambrosio, Giovanni Cimmino, Alberto Palladino, Luisa Politano, Gerardo Nigro

Journal: Acta Myol. 2016 Oct;35(2):100-106.

 

Sudden cardiac death in myotonic dystrophy type I (DM1) patients can be attributed to atrioventricular blocks as far as to the development of life-threatening arrhythmias which occur even in hearts with normal left ventricular systolic and diastolic function. Heterogeneity of ventricular ...

Last Updated: 27 Mar 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Myotonic dystrophy type 1" returned 3 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Molecular genetics and genetic testing in myotonic dystrophy type 1.
 

Author(s): Dušanka Savić Pavićević, Jelena Miladinović, Miloš Brkušanin, Saša Šviković, Svetlana Djurica, Goran Brajušković, Stanka Romac

Journal: Biomed Res Int. 2013 ;2013():391821.

 

Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is the most common adult onset muscular dystrophy, presenting as a multisystemic disorder with extremely variable clinical manifestation, from asymptomatic adults to severely affected neonates. A striking anticipation and parental-gender effect upon ...

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2013

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Psychiatric and cognitive phenotype of childhood myotonic dystrophy type 1.
 

Author(s): Marie Douniol, Aurélia Jacquette, David Cohen, Nicolas Bodeau, Linda Rachidi, Nathalie Angeard, Jean-Marie Cuisset, Louis Vallée, Bruno Eymard, Monique Plaza, Delphine Héron, Jean-Marc Guilé

Journal: Dev Med Child Neurol. 2012 Oct;54(10):905-11.

 

To investigate the psychiatric and cognitive phenotype in young individuals with the childhood form of myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1).

Last Updated: 11 Sep 2012

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Therapeutics development in myotonic dystrophy type 1.
 

Author(s): Erin Pennock Foff, Mani S Mahadevan

Journal: Muscle Nerve. 2011 Aug;44(2):160-9.

 

Myotonic dystrophy (DM1), the most common adult muscular dystrophy, is a multisystem, autosomal dominant genetic disorder caused by an expanded CTG repeat that leads to nuclear retention of a mutant RNA and subsequent RNA toxicity. Significant insights into the molecular mechanisms ...

Last Updated: 14 Jul 2011

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

PhenoDM1 (Myotonic Dystrophy Type 1 Natural History Study)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Myotonic Dystrophy Type 1

 

Last Updated: 29 Mar 2017

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Ventilatory Response After Non Invasive Ventilation in Type 1 Myotonic Dystrophy
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Myotonic Dystrophy 1; Steinert Disease

 

Last Updated: 12 Sep 2016

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Study of Ranolazine in Myotonia Congenita, Paramyotonia Congenita and Myotonic Dystrophy Type 1
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Myotonia Congenita (Enrollment Complete); Paramyotonia Congenita; Myotonic Dystrophy 1

 

Last Updated: 18 Mar 2017

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