Klippel-Feil syndrome

Common Name(s)

Klippel-Feil syndrome

Klippel-Feil syndrome is a rare set of birth defects, or a syndrome, that is characterized by the abnormal joining (fusion) of two or more spinal bones in the neck (cervical vertebrae). Three major features result from the abnormality: a short neck, a limited range of motion in the neck, and low hairline at the back of the head. Most people have one or two of these features, but less than 50% of people affected have all three. Over time this condition may cause neck and back pain in affected areas, involuntary arm movements, joint pain (osteoarthritis) around affected areas, and nerve damage in the head, neck, or back, which can compress and damage the spinal cord. Other symptoms may include: hearing difficulties, malformed kidneys, and opening in the roof of the mouth (cleft palate), underdeveloped shoulder blades, and heart abnormalities.

Klippel-Feil syndrome occurs in approximately 1 in every 40,000 newborns, and females are affected slightly more often than males. This condition is inherited as either autosomal dominant or recessive depending upon where the gene change or mutation is located. We inherit our genes in pairs, one from each parent. Our genes are what control the growth, development and function of our bodies. Autosomal dominant means that if one parent has the condition (therefore the gene change or mutation) there is a 50% chance that they will pass it on to each of their children. Autosomal recessive means that each parent must be a carrier of the mutation (but not affected) and the child would need to inherit both copies of the gene change to be affected. When both parents are unaffected carriers, each of their children has a 1 in 4 chance of being affected. There are two dominant forms, type 1 and type 3 and type 2 is the recessive form. All three forms present with the same physical features. Treatment varies on a case-by-case basis depending on the specific features present.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Klippel-Feil syndrome" for support, advocacy or research.

Klippel-Feil Syndrome Alliance

The Klippel-Feil Syndrome Alliance aims to unite individuals across the globe who are affected by KFS with the scientists and health practitioners who study and treat them, and empower people to advocate for improved access to needed care, pain reduction, and higher quality of life.

Last Updated: 5 Aug 2013

View Details
Klippel-Feil Syndrome Freedom

Klippel-Feil Syndrome Freedom empowers and unites patients and their families through peer support, education, research, and advocacy, for a lifetime of improved health care.

Last Updated: 2 Dec 2014

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Klippel-Feil syndrome" for support, advocacy or research.

Klippel-Feil Syndrome Alliance

The Klippel-Feil Syndrome Alliance aims to unite individuals across the globe who are affected by KFS with the scientists and health practitioners who study and treat them, and empower people to advocate for improved access to needed care, pain reduction, and higher quality of life.

http://kfsalliance.org/

Last Updated: 5 Aug 2013

View Details
Klippel-Feil Syndrome Freedom

Klippel-Feil Syndrome Freedom empowers and unites patients and their families through peer support, education, research, and advocacy, for a lifetime of improved health care.

https://www.facebook.com/KlippelFeilSyndromeFreedom

Last Updated: 2 Dec 2014

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Klippel-Feil syndrome" returned 53 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Rare variants in the notch signaling pathway describe a novel type of autosomal recessive Klippel-Feil syndrome.
 

Author(s): Ender Karaca, Ozge O Yuregir, Sevcan T Bozdogan, Huseyin Aslan, Davut Pehlivan, Shalini N Jhangiani, Zeynep C Akdemir, Tomasz Gambin, Yavuz Bayram, Mehmed M Atik, Serkan Erdin, Donna Muzny, Richard A Gibbs, James R Lupski,

Journal: Am. J. Med. Genet. A. 2015 Nov;167A(11):2795-9.

 

Klippel-Feil syndrome is a rare disorder represented by a subgroup of segmentation defects of the vertebrae and characterized by fusion of the cervical vertebrae, low posterior hairline, and short neck with limited motion. Both autosomal dominant and recessive inheritance patterns ...

Last Updated: 20 Oct 2015

Go To URL
Case images: A case of Klippel-Feil syndrome with congenital cardiovascular anomalies.
 

Author(s): Emrah Bayram, Macit Kalçık, Mahmut Yesin, Mehmet Özkan

Journal: Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2015 Jul;43(5):495.

 

Last Updated: 7 Jul 2015

Go To URL
A case report of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in a patient with Klippel-Feil syndrome—a familial occurrence: a potential role of TGF-β signaling pathway.
 

Author(s): Zygmunt Jamrozik, Malgorzata Gawel, Katarzyna Szacka, Leopold Bakon

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2015 Jan;94(4):e441.

 

The rationale for this article is a description of a unique, familial case of a patient with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a progressive neurodegenerative disorder of unknown etiology coexisting with Klippel-Feil syndrome (KFS), a congenital malformation of cervical vertebrae, ...

Last Updated: 30 Jan 2015

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Klippel-Feil syndrome" returned 4 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Association of Craniovertebral Junction Anomalies, Klippel-Feil Syndrome, Ruptured Dermoid Cyst and Mirror Movement in One Patient: A Unique Case and Literature Review.
 

Author(s): Yu-Kun Zhang, Su-Min Geng, Pi-Nan Liu, Gang Lv

Journal: Turk Neurosurg. 2016 ;26(1):153-65.

 

The Klippel-Feil syndrome (KFS) has been reported to be associated with intracranial neoplasms, most frequently epidermoid or dermoid cysts. To our knowledge, however, patients who present with a posterior fossa dermoid cyst (DC) and KFS are extremely rare with only 24 previously ...

Last Updated: 15 Jan 2016

Go To URL
Malignant teratoma in Klippel-Feil syndrome: a case report and review of the literature.
 

Author(s): A Adorno, C Alafaci, F Sanfilippo, D Cafarella, M Scordino, F Granata, G Grasso, F M Salpietro

Journal:

 

Klippel-Feil syndrome is characterized by a congenital fusion of cervical vertebrae. Intracranial teratomas are nongerminomatous germ cell tumors and they account for 0.3 to 0.9% of all intracranial tumors. Teratomas with malignant transformation refer to lesions which give rise to ...

Last Updated: 6 Oct 2015

Go To URL
Surgical treatment in a patient with Klippel-Feil syndrome and anterior cervical meningomyelocele: a case report and review of literature.
 

Author(s): Benjamin Brokinkel, Karsten Wiebe, Volker Hesselmann, Timm J Filler, Christian Ewelt, Cornelie Müller-Hofstede, Walter Stummer, Mark Klingenhöfer

Journal: Eur Spine J. 2013 May;22 Suppl 3():S517-20.

 

Klippel-Feil syndrome (KFS) is considered a rare developmental disorder characterized by mono- or multisegmental fusion of the cervical vertebrae which is frequently associated with diverse non-osseous, e.g. neural, visceral, cardiopulmonary and genitourinary development anomalies. ...

Last Updated: 2 May 2013

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Rare Disease Patient Registry & Natural History Study - Coordination of Rare Diseases at Sanford
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Rare Disorders; Undiagnosed Disorders; Disorders of Unknown Prevalence; Cornelia De Lange Syndrome; Prenatal Benign Hypophosphatasia; Perinatal Lethal Hypophosphatasia; Odontohypophosphatasia; Adult Hypophosphatasia; Childhood-onset Hypophosphatasia; Infantile Hypophosphatasia; Hypophosphatasia; Kabuki Syndrome; Bohring-Opitz Syndrome; Narcolepsy Without Cataplexy; Narcolepsy-cataplexy; Hypersomnolence Disorder; Idiopathic Hypersomnia Without Long Sleep Time; Idiopathic Hypersomnia With Long Sleep Time; Idiopathic Hypersomnia; Kleine-Levin Syndrome; Kawasaki Disease; Leiomyosarcoma; Leiomyosarcoma of the Corpus Uteri; Leiomyosarcoma of the Cervix Uteri; Leiomyosarcoma of Small Intestine; Acquired Myasthenia Gravis; Addison Disease; Hyperacusis (Hyperacousis); Juvenile Myasthenia Gravis; Transient Neonatal Myasthenia Gravis; Williams Syndrome; Lyme Disease; Myasthenia Gravis; Marinesco Sjogren Syndrome(Marinesco-Sjogren Syndrome); Isolated Klippel-Feil Syndrome; Frasier Syndrome; Denys-Drash Syndrome; Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome; Emanuel Syndrome; Isolated Aniridia; Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome Due to Paternal Uniparental Disomy of Chromosome 11; Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome Due to Imprinting Defect of 11p15; Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome Due to 11p15 Translocation/Inversion; Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome Due to 11p15 Microduplication; Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome Due to 11p15 Microdeletion; Axenfeld-Rieger Syndrome; Aniridia-intellectual Disability Syndrome; Aniridia - Renal Agenesis - Psychomotor Retardation; Aniridia - Ptosis - Intellectual Disability - Familial Obesity; Aniridia - Cerebellar Ataxia - Intellectual Disability; Aniridia - Absent Patella; Aniridia; Peters Anomaly - Cataract; Peters Anomaly; Potocki-Shaffer Syndrome; Silver-Russell Syndrome Due to Maternal Uniparental Disomy of Chromosome 11; Silver-Russell Syndrome Due to Imprinting Defect of 11p15; Silver-Russell Syndrome Due to 11p15 Microduplication; Syndromic Aniridia; WAGR Syndrome; Wolf-Hirschhorn Syndrome; 4p16.3 Microduplication Syndrome; 4p Deletion Syndrome, Non-Wolf-Hirschhorn Syndrome; Autosomal Recessive Stickler Syndrome; Stickler Syndrome Type 2; Stickler Syndrome Type 1; Stickler Syndrome; Mucolipidosis Type 4; X-linked Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 4; X-linked Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 3; X-linked Intellectual Disability - Ataxia - Apraxia; X-linked Progressive Cerebellar Ataxia; X-linked Non Progressive Cerebellar Ataxia; X-linked Cerebellar Ataxia; Vitamin B12 Deficiency Ataxia; Toxic Exposure Ataxia; Unclassified Autosomal Dominant Spinocerebellar Ataxia; Thyroid Antibody Ataxia; Sporadic Adult-onset Ataxia of Unknown Etiology; Spinocerebellar Ataxia With Oculomotor Anomaly; Spinocerebellar Ataxia With Epilepsy; Spinocerebellar Ataxia With Axonal Neuropathy Type 2; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 8; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 7; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 6; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 5; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 4; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 37; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 36; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 35; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 34; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 32; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 31; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 30; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 3; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 29; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 28; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 27; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 26; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 25; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 23; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 22; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 21; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 20; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 2; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 19/22; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 18; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 17; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 16; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 15/16; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 14; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 13; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 12; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 11; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 10; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 1 With Axonal Neuropathy; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 1; Spinocerebellar Ataxia - Unknown; Spinocerebellar Ataxia - Dysmorphism; Non Progressive Epilepsy and/or Ataxia With Myoclonus as a Major Feature; Spectrin-associated Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia; Spasticity-ataxia-gait Anomalies Syndrome; Spastic Ataxia With Congenital Miosis; Spastic Ataxia - Corneal Dystrophy; Spastic Ataxia; Rare Hereditary Ataxia; Rare Ataxia; Recessive Mitochondrial Ataxia Syndrome; Progressive Epilepsy and/or Ataxia With Myoclonus as a Major Feature; Posterior Column Ataxia - Retinitis Pigmentosa; Post-Stroke Ataxia; Post-Head Injury Ataxia; Post Vaccination Ataxia; Polyneuropathy - Hearing Loss - Ataxia - Retinitis Pigmentosa - Cataract; Muscular Atrophy - Ataxia - Retinitis Pigmentosa - Diabetes Mellitus; Non-progressive Cerebellar Ataxia With Intellectual Disability; Non-hereditary Degenerative Ataxia; Paroxysmal Dystonic Choreathetosis With Episodic Ataxia and Spasticity; Olivopontocerebellar Atrophy - Deafness; NARP Syndrome; Myoclonus - Cerebellar Ataxia - Deafness; Multiple System Atrophy, Parkinsonian Type; Multiple System Atrophy, Cerebellar Type; Multiple System Atrophy; Maternally-inherited Leigh Syndrome; Machado-Joseph Disease Type 3; Machado-Joseph Disease Type 2; Machado-Joseph Disease Type 1; Lethal Ataxia With Deafness and Optic Atrophy; Leigh Syndrome; Leukoencephalopathy With Mild Cerebellar Ataxia and White Matter Edema; Leukoencephalopathy - Ataxia - Hypodontia - Hypomyelination; Leigh Syndrome With Nephrotic Syndrome; Leigh Syndrome With Leukodystrophy; Leigh Syndrome With Cardiomyopathy; Late-onset Ataxia With Dementia; Intellectual Disability-hyperkinetic Movement-truncal Ataxia Syndrome; Infection or Post Infection Ataxia; Infantile-onset Autosomal Recessive Nonprogressive Cerebellar Ataxia; Infantile Onset Spinocerebellar Ataxia; GAD Ataxia; Hereditary Episodic Ataxia; Gliadin/Gluten Ataxia; Friedreich Ataxia; Fragile X-associated Tremor/Ataxia Syndrome; Familial Paroxysmal Ataxia; Exposure to Medications Ataxia; Episodic Ataxia With Slurred Speech; Episodic Ataxia Unknown Type; Episodic Ataxia Type 7; Episodic Ataxia Type 6; Episodic Ataxia Type 5; Episodic Ataxia Type 4; Episodic Ataxia Type 3; Episodic Ataxia Type 1; Epilepsy and/or Ataxia With Myoclonus as Major Feature; Early-onset Spastic Ataxia-neuropathy Syndrome; Early-onset Progressive Neurodegeneration - Blindness - Ataxia - Spasticity; Early-onset Cerebellar Ataxia With Retained Tendon Reflexes; Early-onset Ataxia With Dementia; Childhood-onset Autosomal Recessive Slowly Progressive Spinocerebellar Ataxia; Dilated Cardiomyopathy With Ataxia; Cataract - Ataxia - Deafness; Cerebellar Ataxia, Cayman Type; Cerebellar Ataxia With Peripheral Neuropathy; Cerebellar Ataxia - Hypogonadism; Cerebellar Ataxia - Ectodermal Dysplasia; Cerebellar Ataxia - Areflexia - Pes Cavus - Optic Atrophy - Sensorineural Hearing Loss; Brain Tumor Ataxia; Brachydactyly - Nystagmus - Cerebellar Ataxia; Benign Paroxysmal Tonic Upgaze of Childhood With Ataxia; Autosomal Recessive Syndromic Cerebellar Ataxia; Autosomal Recessive Spastic Ataxia With Leukoencephalopathy; Autosomal Recessive Spastic Ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay; Autosomal Recessive Spastic Ataxia - Optic Atrophy - Dysarthria; Autosomal Recessive Spastic Ataxia; Autosomal Recessive Metabolic Cerebellar Ataxia; Autosomal Dominant Spinocerebellar Ataxia Due to Repeat Expansions That do Not Encode Polyglutamine; Autosomal Recessive Ataxia, Beauce Type; Autosomal Recessive Ataxia Due to Ubiquinone Deficiency; Autosomal Recessive Ataxia Due to PEX10 Deficiency; Autosomal Recessive Degenerative and Progressive Cerebellar Ataxia; Autosomal Recessive Congenital Cerebellar Ataxia Due to MGLUR1 Deficiency; Autosomal Recessive Congenital Cerebellar Ataxia Due to GRID2 Deficiency; Autosomal Recessive Congenital Cerebellar Ataxia; Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia-pyramidal Signs-nystagmus-oculomotor Apraxia Syndrome; Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia-epilepsy-intellectual Disability Syndrome Due to WWOX Deficiency; Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia-epilepsy-intellectual Disability Syndrome Due to TUD Deficiency; Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia-epilepsy-intellectual Disability Syndrome Due to KIAA0226 Deficiency; Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia-epilepsy-intellectual Disability Syndrome; Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia With Late-onset Spasticity; Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia Due to STUB1 Deficiency; Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia Due to a DNA Repair Defect; Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia - Saccadic Intrusion; Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia - Psychomotor Retardation; Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia - Blindness - Deafness; Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia; Autosomal Dominant Spinocerebellar Ataxia Due to a Polyglutamine Anomaly; Autosomal Dominant Spinocerebellar Ataxia Due to a Point Mutation; Autosomal Dominant Spinocerebellar Ataxia Due to a Channelopathy; Autosomal Dominant Spastic Ataxia Type 1; Autosomal Dominant Spastic Ataxia; Autosomal Dominant Optic Atrophy; Ataxia-telangiectasia Variant; Ataxia-telangiectasia; Autosomal Dominant Cerebellar Ataxia, Deafness and Narcolepsy; Autosomal Dominant Cerebellar Ataxia Type 4; Autosomal Dominant Cerebellar Ataxia Type 3; Autosomal Dominant Cerebellar Ataxia Type 2; Autosomal Dominant Cerebellar Ataxia Type 1; Autosomal Dominant Cerebellar Ataxia; Ataxia-telangiectasia-like Disorder; Ataxia-intellectual Disability-oculomotor Apraxia-cerebellar Cysts Syndrome; Ataxia-deafness-intellectual Disability Syndrome; Ataxia With Vitamin E Deficiency; Ataxia With Dementia; Ataxia Neuropathy Spectrum; Ataxia - Tapetoretinal Degeneration; Ataxia - Photosensitivity - Short Stature; Ataxia - Pancytopenia; Ataxia - Oculomotor Apraxia Type 1; Ataxia - Hypogonadism - Choroidal Dystrophy; Ataxia - Other; Ataxia - Genetic Diagnosis - Unknown; Acquired Ataxia; Adult-onset Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia; Alcohol Related Ataxia

 

Last Updated: 1 Sep 2016

Go to URL