Atypical Mycobacteriosis, Familial

Common Name(s)

Atypical Mycobacteriosis, Familial, Disseminated atypical mycobacterial infection

IMD27A results from autosomal recessive (AR) IFNGR1 deficiency. Patients with complete AR IFNGR1 deficiency have a severe clinical phenotype characterized by early and often fatal mycobacterial infections. bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) and environmental mycobacteria are the most frequent pathogens, and infection typically begins before the age of 3 years. Plasma from patients with complete AR IFNGR1 deficiency usually contains large amounts of IFNG ({147570}), and their cells do not respond to IFNG in vitro. In contrast, cells from patients with partial AR IFNGR1 deficiency, which is caused by a specific mutation in IFNGR1, retain residual responses to high IFNG concentrations. Patients with partial AR IFNGR1 deficiency are susceptible to BCG and environmental mycobacteria, but they have a milder clinical disease and better prognosis than patients with complete AR IFNGR1 deficiency. The clinical features of children with complete AR IFNGR1 deficiency are usually more severe than those in individuals with AD IFNGR1 deficiency (IMD27B), and mycobacterial infection often occurs earlier (mean age of 1.3 years vs 13.4 years), with patients having shorter mean disease-free survival. Salmonellosis is present in about 5% of patients with AR or AD IFNGR1 deficiency, and other infections have been reported in single patients (review by {1:Al-Muhsen and Casanova, 2008}).
 

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Following organizations serve the condition "Atypical Mycobacteriosis, Familial" for support, advocacy or research.

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Scientific Literature

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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