Alzheimer's Disease Familial

Common Name(s)

Alzheimer's Disease Familial

Alzheimer's disease, familial is a progressive condition of the brain that affects memory, thinking, and behavior. While Alzheimer's disease is not always genetic, familial Alzheimer's disease has a specific genetic marker that runs in the family and is passed down through generations (inherited).

So far, three genes have been identified to cause familial Alzheimer's disease: presenilin-1 (PS1), presenilin-2 (PS2) and amyloid precursor protein (APP). Changes in these genes (mutations) lead to two abnormal protein structures ("plaques" which are protein deposits and "tangles" which are twisted protein fibers) in the brain tissue along with the loss of connection between nerve cells in the brain. These changes cause the brain cells to lose normal function. Because these changed genes are inherited, familial Alzheimer's disease may occur earlier than the traditional "late onset" disease (65 or older). Typically, familial Alzheimer's disease onsets in one's 30's, 40’s or 50’s, and rarely sooner.

Symptoms of familial Alzheimer's are similar to those of non-familial Alzheimer's. These include loss of memory, behavioral changes, mood swings, disorientation, confusion, and unnecessary suspicion of family or others over a period of several years. Eventually symptoms progress to an inability to care for him or herself, to eat, or to speak. Diagnosis of this condition is made by examining family history and genetic testing. Almost all individuals with early onset familial Alzheimer's have a parent who had the disease (assuming they lived long enough to develop symptoms). Siblings and children of an affected person likely each have a 50% chance of also developing the condition as well.

There is currently no cure for familial Alzheimer's disease, but medications may help slow the progression, manage the symptoms and improve quality of life. Talk to your doctor or a geneticist if you have a family history of Alzheimer's disease.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Alzheimer's Disease Familial" for support, advocacy or research.

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Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center

The Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center was established by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) to provide information to health professionals, patients and their families and the public about Alzheimer's disease and other memory disorders.

Last Updated: 30 Oct 2014

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National Endowment for Alzheimer's Research

At NEAR, our mission is to investigate the underlying causes of Alzheimer's and to develop rapid clinical interventions both for Alzheimer's and other brain disorders. A secondary mission is to promote public awareness and education with respect to Alzheimer's disease and related dementia, and to encourage the involvement of individuals, businesses, foundations, and government in finding a cure.

Last Updated: 20 Dec 2012

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stopcaidnow.org

Our mission is simple-Educate, Provide Awareness, and Fund Researchers who are committed to finding a cure. StopCAIDnow(501c3) is focused on providing tools to better educate Doctor’s and the community on AutoInflammatory diseases. There is a need for an understanding of these diseases so proper diagnosis can be made, and treatment can be started. This will help alleviate the inflammation process, 7 the pain that comes with it. Proper diagnosis is urgent for the prognosis of these diseases. If left untreated damage to the tissues, organs & vision(for some) will not only be irreversible but devastating

Last Updated: 5 Mar 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Alzheimer's Disease Familial" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center

The Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center was established by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) to provide information to health professionals, patients and their families and the public about Alzheimer's disease and other memory disorders.

http://www.nia.nih.gov/alzheimers

Last Updated: 30 Oct 2014

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National Endowment for Alzheimer's Research

At NEAR, our mission is to investigate the underlying causes of Alzheimer's and to develop rapid clinical interventions both for Alzheimer's and other brain disorders. A secondary mission is to promote public awareness and education with respect to Alzheimer's disease and related dementia, and to encourage the involvement of individuals, businesses, foundations, and government in finding a cure.

http://www.memorymatters.org

Last Updated: 20 Dec 2012

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stopcaidnow.org

Our mission is simple-Educate, Provide Awareness, and Fund Researchers who are committed to finding a cure. StopCAIDnow(501c3) is focused on providing tools to better educate Doctor’s and the community on AutoInflammatory diseases. There is a need for an understanding of these diseases so proper diagnosis can be made, and treatment can be started. This will help alleviate the inflammation process, 7 the pain that comes with it. Proper diagnosis is urgent for the prognosis of these diseases. If left untreated damage to the tissues, organs & vision(for some) will not only be irreversible but devastating

http://www.stopcaidnow.org

Last Updated: 5 Mar 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Alzheimer's Disease Familial" returned 135 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Aluminium in brain tissue in familial Alzheimer's disease.
 

Author(s): Ambreen Mirza, Andrew King, Claire Troakes, Christopher Exley

Journal: J Trace Elem Med Biol. 2017 Mar;40():30-36.

 

The genetic predispositions which describe a diagnosis of familial Alzheimer's disease can be considered as cornerstones of the amyloid cascade hypothesis. Essentially they place the expression and metabolism of the amyloid precursor protein as the main tenet of disease aetiology. ...

Last Updated: 4 Feb 2017

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Clinical phenotype and genetic associations in autosomal dominant familial Alzheimer's disease: a case series.
 

Author(s): Natalie S Ryan, Jennifer M Nicholas, Philip S J Weston, Yuying Liang, Tammaryn Lashley, Rita Guerreiro, Gary Adamson, Janna Kenny, Jon Beck, Lucia Chavez-Gutierrez, Bart de Strooper, Tamas Revesz, Janice Holton, Simon Mead, Martin N Rossor, Nick C Fox

Journal: Lancet Neurol. 2016 Dec;15(13):1326-1335.

 

The causes of phenotypic heterogeneity in familial Alzheimer's disease with autosomal dominant inheritance are not well understood. We aimed to characterise clinical phenotypes and genetic associations with APP and PSEN1 mutations in symptomatic autosomal dominant familial Alzheimer's ...

Last Updated: 25 Oct 2016

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Age Effects on Cognitive and Physiological Parameters in Familial Caregivers of Alzheimer's Disease Patients.
 

Author(s): Márcio Silveira Corrêa, Bruno Lima Giacobbo, Kelem Vedovelli, Daiane Borba de Lima, Pamela Ferrari, Irani Iracema de Lima Argimon, Julio Cesar Walz, Elke Bromberg

Journal:

 

Older familial caregivers of Alzheimer's disease patients are subjected to stress-related cognitive and psychophysiological dysfunctions that may affect their quality of life and ability to provide care. Younger caregivers have never been properly evaluated. We hypothesized that they ...

Last Updated: 5 Oct 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Alzheimer's Disease Familial" returned 10 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Role of Trisomy 21 Mosaicism in Sporadic and Familial Alzheimer's Disease.
 

Author(s): Huntington Potter, Antoneta Granic, Julbert Caneus

Journal: Curr Alzheimer Res. 2016 ;13(1):7-17.

 

Trisomy 21 and the consequent extra copy of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) gene and increased beta-amyloid (Aβ) peptide production underlie the universal development of Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology and high risk of AD dementia in people with Down syndrome (DS). Trisomy ...

Last Updated: 15 Dec 2015

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A systematic review of familial Alzheimer's disease: Differences in presentation of clinical features among three mutated genes and potential ethnic differences.
 

Author(s): Yat-Fung Shea, Leung-Wing Chu, Angel On-Kei Chan, Joyce Ha, Yan Li, You-Qiang Song

Journal: J. Formos. Med. Assoc.. 2016 Feb;115(2):67-75.

 

There are great diversities of clinical phenotypes among the various familial Alzheimer's disease (FAD) families. We aimed to systematically review all the previously reported cases of FAD and to perform comparisons between Asian and white patients. In this regard, we collected individual-level ...

Last Updated: 1 Feb 2016

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Cerebrospinal Fluid Biomarkers in Familial Forms of Alzheimer's Disease and Frontotemporal Dementia.
 

Author(s): Nina Rostgaard, Gunhild Waldemar, Jørgen Erik Nielsen, Anja Hviid Simonsen

Journal: Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord. 2015 ;40(1-2):54-62.

 

As dementia is a fast-growing health care problem, it is becoming an increasingly urgent need to provide an early diagnosis in order to offer patients the best medical treatment and care. Validated biomarkers which reflect the pathology and disease progression are essential for diagnosis ...

Last Updated: 3 Jul 2015

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Memantine Treatment in Alzheimer's Disease Patients
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Alzheimer Disease

 

Last Updated: 25 May 2017

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Last Updated: 13 Oct 2016

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Riluzole in Mild Alzheimer's Disease
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Alzheimer's Disease

 

Last Updated: 21 Sep 2017

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